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History of Photography: Week 13

by: ChristopherMetallo

History of Photography: Week 13 CNPH 24000-01

Marketplace > Ithaca College > CNPH 24000-01 > History of Photography Week 13
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

MOMA, Szarkowski, and the deadpan aesthetic.
History of Photography
Rhonda Vanover
Class Notes
history, Photography, history of photography
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by ChristopherMetallo on Friday May 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CNPH 24000-01 at Ithaca College taught by Rhonda Vanover in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 05/06/16
Tuesday, April 26, 2016 History of Photography Week 13: Day 1 - Mon 4:30-7 - MOMA/ Szarkowski - 1967 - New Documents: Radical use of photography to approach and engage the world - 1976 - Eggleston: Seen as a seminal photographic moment - Richard Avavdon • fashion and portrait photographer • well off and able to do what he wants to • takes a series of photos out in the West • Takes pictures of the working class in the West - Diane Arbus • photographing the ignored • photographs in nudists camps, psychiatric wards, streets - Events • JFK • Space Exploration • A Nation Mourns - Post WWII Civil rights • started 1950’s protest segregation in the south • • secure voting right for african americans - Charles Moore • Photographing the civil rights movement in the south 1 Tuesday, April 26, 2016 • Birmingham, 1963 - Josef Koudelka • civilian resistant in the event of the Warsaw pact in 1968 • Tank photo - using heavy line - wide angle lens makes it look like it is going to run you over Soviet invasion of Checheslovikia, Times magazine, 1969 • - Larry Burrows • finds new perspectives to make ether viewer a part of Vietnam • At first aid center during operation prairie, 1966, dye transfer print - color adds to the realism - Looks current • Television and news magazines show war without a buffer • They can see what is happening in Vietnam - Eddie Adams • General Loan executing a Vietcong Suspect, 1968 - black and white - man getting shot in the head - Still image stick with the viewer - forces viewer to study the image - John Paul Filo • Untitled(Kent State: girl screaming over dead body), 1970 - Huynh Cong (Nick ut) • Children Fleeing Napalm Strike, 1972 - Photography and Post War • Gained greater presence in international art 2 Tuesday, April 26, 2016 • Artists in multidisciplinary field incorporated the use of photographer in the work • Growth of advertising increased the use and attention to photography • Introduced Pop Art (popular culture) - Situational International • European avant Garde Movement • late 1950’s French critic Guy Debord “the society of the spectacle” • • Largely anonymous • Work was intentionally ephemeral • influences Pop art movement • Richard Hamilton - Just what makes today’ homes so different, 1956, Collage on Paper • canned ham • tootsie pop and its placement • making fun of consumerism • Andy Warhol - Marylin Diptych, 1962, Acrylic on Canvas - agitates any image he makes - Emphatuates with celebrities • Robert Rauschenberg - Untitled (water towers NYC) 1962 - sculptural renderings of his photographs - using photography in a nontraditional way - Untitled (horse and Carriage) 196 • Chuck Close - Self portrait, 1968, Acrylic on Canvas 3 Tuesday, April 26, 2016 - Agitating the frame • Ed Rusha - absent of explanations - combining image and text - Projects were planned in advanced (against the decisive moment) - From 9 swimming pools and a broken glass, 1967, acrylic on canvas? • John Baldessari - Surrealist for the digital age - untitled, 1967 • William Wegman - known for his dog calendars - dogs taking over roles of humans Week 13: Day 2: America Seen Though Photographs, Darkly :: The Deadpan Aesthetic: 1970-1980 - Susan Sontag • writes about Arbus and Walt Whitman • To take a photograph is to assign importance to it • Idealized Landscape - Sublime and beautiful - Agreed upon beauty • Ansel Adams - Sublimated into a ghost - Sublime images danger, cliche, safe - Arbus 4 Tuesday, April 26, 2016 • doesn't invite the viewer to identify with the people in her photographs, not rendering humanity as one • Fractured the unity of humanity • Rendering what she sees without sympathy • Viewer gets to look at weird people without feeling wrong about it • action against manners and good taste and a reaction against boredom • Others photographed marginalized people in an empathetic way - The Deadpan Aesthetic • Szarkowski - director of photo dept at MOMA - The Photographer’s eye - 1966 • “Photography should be made of the qualities that mad it so” • There was still a lot to know and see about photography that hadn’t been seen - 1973 - From the Picture Press • Purpose - to use photographs from the archives to show the public that little known photographers work had the potential to be seen as art - 1978: Mirrors and Windows: American Photography Since 1960 • Purpose - to use photographs from 60s-70s to show the artists concern with self and the appearance of the world • Described more of postwar survey than the intended - Looking at Photographs • the thing itself • the detail • time • vantage point • the frame 5 Tuesday, April 26, 2016 • Showing importance to each of these 5 things in photographs • William Eggleston - Guggenheim gave him a grant - increased recognition of color photography as a recognized art medium - Memphis • banal photo of a bike tenure and detail on the tricycle • • making the tricycle look larger than life • Image and images resist prettiness - Greenwood, Mississippi • self-portrait with a punch of red color - Black Bayou Plantation, Near Glendora, Mississippi • bleach bottles in the middle of nowhere • association between the bottles and the clouds - Memphis • Cramer called his images perfectly banal and perfectly boring. He saw boring compositions of boring people. • Woman in blue sitting on a curb • nicely dressed sitting on a curb - Sumner, Mississippi, Cassidy bayou in Background • photographing slices of life • figures are dressing in opposite fashion but mimicking each other in their gesture • Still segregation happening • Seeing southern mentality of White person being dominant - Moreton, Mississippi 6 Tuesday, April 26, 2016 • Old guy holding a gun • Looks like he is caught in the middle of something • Arresting - Greenwood Mississippi, 1970 • Red room with lightbulb • Red can mean passion, anger, lust Changing his vantage point • • Lucas Saramas - Untitled, 1973. Polaroid • Manipulating the emulsion by rubbing it between his hands • Creates a mixing of color - Phototransformation, 1976 - Globalization • characterized by the integration of China and the former Soviet bloc into the global economy • development of communication technologies • rise of multinational companies • the international circulation of goods • Andreas Gurkst - German Photographer - known for large format architecture and landscape photographs - big formal element in his photographs is vantage point - printing large which consumes the viewer, inviting them in to examine detail as well as letting them stand back to see the whole - Larger prints sets it apart from other small photographs within a gallery - 99 cent II diptychnon, 2001 7 Tuesday, April 26, 2016 • giving us scale and vantage point - Times Square, New York, 1997 - Rhine II. 1999 • Felix Gonzales Torres - Untitled 1991. Print on paper, endless copies • making the viewer participate in the art, part performance art Mid 1970’s • - photography moved squarely into the art world, and artists active in other media integrated photography into their work, either through direct use of the medium or by making a reference to the ubiquitous presence of camera generated pictures in the contemporary world. • Adrian Piper - pushes herself out there for people to look out - Self portrait as a nice white lady. 1995 photograph altered with oil crayon - Pretend No3, 1990. Oil crayon drawing on photograph • using civil rights photographs with text on top of it - I am the Locus (#2), 1975, oil crayon on photograph • uses the photo and text to promote her ideals of how people are treated • David Hockney - Luncheon at the British • Susan Bloom and Ed Hill, - from The Constructed Forest, 1993, digital color print • Pedro Meyer - temptation of the angel, 1991 • test the limits of truth and reality • combines photographic elements 8 Tuesday, April 26, 2016 • Tackling the photographs credibility (especially in photojournalism) altering the images • Jeff Wall - best known for large scale photos that are backlit in the frame - Dead Troops Talk . • I have been a witness, and these pictures are my testimony. The events recorded should not be forgotten 9


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