Week 12 notes
Week 12 notes Sociology 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kirsten Swikert on Friday May 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Dr. James Kanan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 05/06/16
The Effect of an Aging Population on You • The dependency ratio o Compares the size of the non-working-age groups (children and elderly) with that of the working-age population o In 2005 there were 59 elderly and children (dependents) for every 100 working- aged Americans o In 2050 it is expected that there will be 72 dependents for every 100 working- age Americans, almost all increase from elderly • The sandwich generation: teacher and student’s generations are the first to have to provide significant needs of care for both children and parents in your lifetime Demography • The study of population • Population-why should you care? o Economic institutions: § What kind of job will you have? o The environment: § What kind of world you live in? o Geo-political issues § What important resources will be sources of conflict? o Quality of life Population Issues • How many of us are there? 7.3 billion • Where do we live? o Distribution is an issue o Density: how spread out we are § 90% of the worlds population lives above the equator and 90% of the population live on 10% of the land • Population change: o What causes population to change § Birth rate: (births/population) x 1000 § Fertility rate: (births/women) x 1000 § Death rate: (deaths/population) x 1000 § Rate of national increase: births – deaths § Migration • Immigrants-emigrants: net migration rate • Immigration accounts for 90% of US population growth since 2008 Population Growth Through History • World growth o 1 billion: 1804 o 5 billion: 1987 o 2 billion: 1927 o 6 billion: 1999 o 3 billion: 1960 o 7 billion: 2011 o 4 billion: 1974 • Is there a population problem? o Yes (Thomas Robert Mathlus) § Population grows faster than resources § Population grows geometrically, subsistence arithmetically § The Global Food Crisis: consumption vs. production o No (anti-Malthusians) § Science and technology will compensate o Yes and no (Marxists) § Population is not the problem, distribution is • 16% of the world consumes 80% of the resources • What happens when more people want more stuff? What does this all mean? • Sociology is about understanding the human condition, perhaps to improve it, perhaps not. Either way, the endeavor to grasp is at the heart of this science