New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Last Set of Semester Notes

by: Nick Manning

Last Set of Semester Notes CHEM - 10060 - 001

Marketplace > Kent State University > Chemistry > CHEM - 10060 - 001 > Last Set of Semester Notes
Nick Manning
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Last set of notes for the semester, describes molecular orbital diagrams and valence theory.
Class Notes
25 ?





Popular in Chemistry

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nick Manning on Saturday May 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM - 10060 - 001 at Kent State University taught by TBA in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see GENERAL CHEMISTRY I in Chemistry at Kent State University.


Reviews for Last Set of Semester Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 05/07/16
I will stress going to class for this next week, as a lot of in class examples are being shown each day that will help so much more with concepts and the structure which the professor will ask questions. I’ll attempt to recreate an example right now for you: CH2O -2 C---H bonds -1 C===O double bond -C (sp2) and H(s) -one sigma and one pi -2 sigma bonds b/c -sp2 from C of single of bonds *All Single bonds = sigma bonds; all pi bonds only use p orbitals* ROTATION ABOUT BONDS - Sigma bonds rotate freely - Pi bonds cause restriction in the rotation due to pulling it to the bonded atom, solidifying it in place MOLECULAR ORBITAL THEORY While Valence Bond Theory is good at explaining observed geometry & equivalence of bonding orbitals, it fails to explain magnetic and spectral qualities of the atom and it leans more towards the particle view, while electrons contain both wave and particle qualities. So, we can also use the Molecular Orbital model. - Constructive Interference- when the troughs and crests of two waves are lined up in two waves being added together, resulting in an overall larger wave - Destructive Interference- when the troughs and crests of two waves are opposite (i.e. one crest lines up with one trough) and are added together, resulting in the destruction of the wave overall This is important for the Molecular Orbital (MO) model because these are also two forms of atomic bonding. CONSTRUCTIVE - Sigma bonds and LESS energy than destructive, due to two nuclei puling on two electrons DESTRUCTIVE - Called an Antibonding sigma bond (σ*), HIGHER energy, has space called a “node” between atoms. BOND ORDER Bond order is calculated by the equation: (bonding electrons - antibonding electrons)/2 If the bond order is GREATER THAN zero, the species IS ABLE to exist. IF NOT, the species CANNOT exist. Here we see the MO for two Hydrogen atoms. We fill the bonding atoms (bottom) first and then the antibonding (top) second. We can see there are two bonding electrons and 0 nonbonding, so (2-0)/2 = 1; the species can exist. We are responsible to know the ways that all of Period 2 elements react. This includes B, C, N, O, F, and Ne. The steps to make orbital diagrams for these are a little different, and are technically only partial orbital diagrams, because the 1s electrons are omitted. - Find the electron Configuration for the element - Make the shell the correct way (different for B, C, N and for O, F, and Ne; will be given to us) - Calculate the valence electrons, these will go in the middle boxes -Enter in the electrons (the arrows) on the side atoms -Enter in the electrons in the middle boxes, filling each box from the bottom up. You have to notice the 2 parts, the 2s and the 2p. The Electron Config. for Nitrogen is 2s2 2p3 so that is filed on either side; if it was a cation or anion, the # of arrows would change both in the middle and on one side according to how many electrons are gained/lost.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.