ENGL 251 Week 6 Notes
ENGL 251 Week 6 Notes ENGL 251- 03
Popular in Great Books I: Introduction to Classic Literature
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sierra Taylor on Sunday May 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 251- 03 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Dr. James Cushing in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Great Books I: Introduction to Classic Literature in Foreign Language at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 05/08/16
5/2: First midterm question; Odyssey and Symposium in part a whole o first think in terms of numbers, the way the structure of the essay works as a number o take 2 of the essays in the Symposium and relate them to 2 relationships in Odyssey o 1 speech, 1 relationship; 1 speech 2 relationships; 2 speeches 1 relationship; 2 speeches 2 relationships all okay ways of structuring the essay o no works cited, when quoting Symposium (Plato, p. #); Odyssey (Homer, Book #, line #) o Homer came centuries before Plato Homeric bards get us to hate the suitors by emphasizing how ignorant and narcissistic tendencies; they do this by making the way Eumaeus’ personality is in some way involved with the animals around him o when Eumaeus and alone and a mysterious stranger (O) appears and the dogs get all riled up and bark o Eumaeus and Telemachus’ renewal, when O watches and stands by, the dogs welcome T and are happy to see him o Athena shows up invisibly in order to transform O, the dogs feel Athena’s sublime power and shy away o dogs are used in a way of depicting Eumaeus’ xenia Argos, Odysseus’ dog, his master left too soon, lay there cast away on poop until O comes home, half dead from neglect, disrespected by the suitors o emotional trigger pulled for those who feel for animals o a sign of how the suitors would treat everything o Xenia involves welcoming guests and making them feel welcome, a part of that means maintaining appearances of the home; heaps of dung piled by the gates, a sensory assault poor xenia: first thing you see and smell when approaching a house are piles of shit= suitors, unclean, gross, disgusting o when Argos senses O nearby he becomes excited even though he no longer has the energy, acts like a happy puppy o Argos’ happiness to see O is the first sign that O’s disguise is penetrable, meaning he isn’t hiding too well, O is trying hard to not let Argos impact his emotionally (hides his tear) o Argos sees O, moves towards him, and dies: we feel sad that dog dies by walking towards his master out of love and recognition but has been so neglected that he dies and doesn’t have the strength, but if the dog had been able to reach O then O’s disguise would be revealed and the suitors would wonder about the relationship When O first sees Penelope (one of his greatest trials) he has to keep his cool and act as though he’s never met her before o the most interesting question in Book 19 is how much does Penelope know and when does she know it? Is Book 19 a dialogue between a master of deceit and his naïve wife who believes anything she sees or hears? Or is it a dialogue between 2 masters of deceit, one of whom who is trying to convince the other that they are a stranger, and the only manipulating him is pretending to believe his story but recognizes him right away and then tests him by seeing if he is still the man she married? o O dodges answering who he is to Penelope but instead gives an encomium to her fame, your fame is like that of a king who rules his realm of good xenia o Penelope weeps when O says he met Odysseus and traded gifts o She tests him by asking about his clothes, his stature and his followers o He describes O’s clothes perfectly, she then trusts him but doesn’t believe that O will ever return, she will never embrace him again o O doesn’t present himself (Athon) as someone of high stature, he is a beggar, could be a refugee, he doesn’t feel comfortable with nice things and services given by Penelope, he doesn’t want to act too easily familiar with the treatment because he doesn’t want to blow his cover o when Penelope instructs Eurycleia to wash his feet she basically says “would you wash your master’s… feet” and then covers it up by alluding to age and class rank; or she likes how O acts around her and his understanding of xenia, he’s the same age as O would have been, she’s either suggestive of the level of her emotional pain or shown or clear eyed and clever she is o E calls out O on his appearance and similarities to O, she notices his scar when washing his feet and sees through O’s disguise, O is most vulnerable at this moment; most vulnerable when being bathed by a maternal figure has a flashback: scar made by a boar’s white tusk, when O went to visit his grandpa in order to be named, Odysseus the son of pain, one who gives and on who receives pain o in the preparation of O’s first visit, no woman are present, O needs to learn that there are things that happen in the world that men are capable of handling alone o O the boy is about to get his kleos by killing the boar after getting the big gash on his inner thigh, just like his rebirth when sleeping under the olive tree shelter o the scar symbolizes both the pain he has given and that he receives o no women are around when he is given his scar, he is taught that he must learn to take care of himself and becoming his own man o not a way of excluding women but as a way for O and T to learn self sufficiency o E promises not to say anything, P is in the room the entire time as E recognizes O and O has his flashback, P asks O to read a dream that very much resemble the same omen sin B 15 that came to T o the dream is about her husband coming back and killing the suitors, she almost asks O “are you going to make my dream come true?” o she thinks of the 12 ring arrow game after talking to a man who is correctly identified as her husband even though she’s had years and years to have done this; we can think that she knows Athon is O and knows he will be the only one able to pass her test
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