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SOC 100 week 15

by: luke koppa

SOC 100 week 15 SOC 100

luke koppa
GPA 4.0

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notes covering the last of Health/medicine and the final day of classes
General Sociology
John Brouillette
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by luke koppa on Sunday May 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by John Brouillette in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.

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Date Created: 05/08/16
SOC 100 Week 15  Chapter 14 Education and Medicine   Marijuana use as alternative medicine o More and more using it for pain, sleep, appetite, etc… o Rising use among seniors especially   Those not using likely due to stigmas created in 60’s o Example of a move away from traditional medicine  Clicker ­ Holistic medicine embraces:  o Education for lifestyle changes and self­care o Complementary alternatives o Conventional drugs and surgery  Tenets of holistic medicine o You are responsible for the state of your own health o Health is a state of physical, mental, and social well­being, not simply the absence of disease o Mind and body are an interdependent unit; disease results when stress disrupts the balance of this unit o Most disease is at least partly a result of your own behavior, and therefore within  your control o Illness provides an opportunity to learn more about yourself o A physician is only a guide, not a miracle worker; it’s up to you o Read article “principles of Holistic Medicine”  Paying for health care o Private insurance program o Public insurance programs o Health maintenance organizations  Extent of socialized medicine in selected countries  o UK has 84% paid by govt o US has 53% paid by govt  Clicker­ a national health care plan is needed to cover everybody’s medical expenses  o 54% agree/strongly agree o 20% disagree/strongly disagree o National poll of college freshman 2014  61% agreed  Countries with universal health care 2016 o Only post industrialized country without it  Health care costs per person ranking (for G7 countries) o  1. US o 3. Germany o 4. France o 10. Canada o 11 Italy o 13 Japan o 26 UK  Overall performance of health care rating o 1. France o 2. Italy o 10. Japan o 18. UK o 25. Germany o 30. Canada o 37. US  Preventable Medical errors may be third leading cause of death in US (CNN 2016) o 251,454 preventable medical errors  o Diagnosis errors o Improper discharge instructions o Preventable complications (mistakes in prescriptions, instruments left in patient,  miscommunication, etc.) o Home and nursing home errors were not included   High Cost of Health Care o “In the US, the richest country in the world, even the relatively affluent are now  concerned about their ability to pay medical care” o “ if you are sick and want to get well, there is no better place to live than in the  US, but if you ware well and want to stay that way, there are few places that are  worse” o US tends to be most expensive but lowest rated compared to all other developed  countries  Functionalist o The Sick Role­ people who are sick are:  Are not responsible for their condition  Are temporarily exempt from their normal roles and obligations  Must want to get well  Must seek competent help from a medical professional to hasten their  recovery  Conflict o Focus: how social inequality affects health and medicine o Capitalistic societies­ tend to be worse  Symbolic interactionist o Focus: social construction of health and illness o Medicalization: process whereby non­medical problems become defined and  treated as illnesses or disorders   Clicker –most health uninsured are poor, unemployed minorities o 55% said true o 45% said false o Actual statistics­ most are employed  Not just a problem for the homeless/unemployed   Clicker­ most uninsured children live in families where no one works o False   Obesity rate o Has risen dramatically in 10 years   World health organization 2012 o Well­being is not only the absence of infirmity and disease but also a state of well being   Rate their lives much better, today and in the future  Have much better emotional health  Much lower obesity  Carry substantially reduced disease burden (lower blood pressure,  diabetes, cholesterol)  Enjoy their jobs  Smoke less, exercise more o Used to rank 50 states (see map)  Sociology’s contribution o Sociological perspective argues that health and medicine are social issues  o “Health depends much less on bacteria than on the social environment in  which  the bacteria are found “ – Louis Pasteur, creator of pasteurization  Last class­ why is sociology important  Sociological imagination o Problems may not always be individual, but rather sociological  o When problems arise­ who’s to blame?  Could be society’s fault rather than individual  It’s the perspective that counts o Different answers w/ different perspectives  Cultural relativism  o In order to understand cultures, we have to view the world from their perspective o Doesn’t necessarily demand that we agree  Ethnocentrism o Viewing one’s own perspective as the right one  Limited rationality of people  Culture patterning of personality o Everyone is differently influenced by surroundings  o We make our own choices yet we are always influenced  The endlessness of cultural change  People’s propensity to live by myth  Marketable skills o Being more human  Labeling­ know how the process works o Programmed within us at a young age  Social sciences as a threat o Humans often see differences as a threat  Making a difference o It is very hard to when the issues are so large


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