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Soc 3 Week 6

by: SK3232

Soc 3 Week 6 SOC 3

GPA 3.8

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Case Studies Contd.
Social Problems
Class Notes
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This 16 page Class Notes was uploaded by SK3232 on Sunday May 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 3 at University of California - Irvine taught by Rosales in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Social Problems in Sociology at University of California - Irvine.


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Date Created: 05/08/16
CASE STUDIES Housing Market Discrimination Week 6 February 10, 2016 2 College-Level Writing ¡  Good sources: and Google Scholar ¡  Bad sources: Google, blogs, wikipedia ¡  How to use quotations in text (never stand alone) ¡  Formatting ¡  Word choices ($100 words vs. $10 words) ¡  In-text citations, ASA Style ¡  Do not use contractions (e.g. do not instead of don’t) 3 SOCIAL PROBLEMS MODEL CLAIMSMAKING MEDIA PUBLIC REACTION POLICYMAKING SOCIAL POLICY COVERAGE PROBLEMS WORK OUTCOMES People make Media report Public opinion Lawmakers Agencies There are claims that on focuses on the and others implement various there is a claimsmakers social problem with the power the new responses social so that news of identified by to set policies policies, to the new problem, with the claims the create new including arrangements calls for certain reaches a claimsmakers ways to characteristics, broader address the further causes and audience problem change solutions 1870s – 1960s Jim Crow laws in South 4 1900 1929-1939 1920 Great 1940 1960 1980 2000 Depression 1939-1945 WWII 1910-1970: The Great Migration About 6 million African Americans left the South 2010, 2011: Fair Housing Justice Center (NYC tests) 1968: Fair Housing Act Passed (Title VIII of Civil Rights Act of 1968) 1970: Nearly half 1933: Home Owners’ the country’s 1910: Only 10 Loan 22.5 million percent of Corporation African black Americans lived Americans created 1934: Federal outside of the lived outside Housing American South. the South. Administration (FHA) established 5 1930 – 1960 1929-1933 1933-1945 1945-1953 1953-1961 Hoover F.D. Roosevelt Truman Eisenhower Presidency Presidency Presidency Presidency 1930 1940 1950 1960 1910-1970: The Great Migration 1929-1939 Great Depression 1933: Home Owners’ Loan Corporation created. Introduced practice of redlining. 1934: Federal Housing Administration (FHA) 1926: Corrigan v. Buckley established. U.S. Supreme Court Practiced redlining. decision validating racially restrictive covenants. 6 Racial Covenants Contractual agreements that prohibit the purchase, lease, or occupation of a piece of property by a particular group of people, usually African Americans. Mutual agreements between property owners in a neighborhood not to sell to certain people, enforced through the cooperation of real estate boards and neighborhood associations.  7 Redlining A discriminatory practice in which the government, banks, insurance companies, and others refuse or limit loans, mortgages, insurance, within specific geographic areas considered to be “high risk,” often African American/minority areas. “The federal government under President Roosevelt…drew red lines on maps around certain neighborhoods and refused to back home loans there. There were other designations on the maps, … for areas with as risky. Banks followed the government's lead in terms of lending, and so did big government programs that came out later, like the GI bill.” -This American Life, “House Rules” FHA Redlining 8 9 Blockbusting A business practice of U.S. real estate agents and building developers meant to encourage white property owners to sell their houses at a loss, by implying that racial minorities were moving into their previously racially segregated neighborhood, thus depressing real estate property values. 10 White Flight Large-scale migration of whites from racially mixed urban regions to more racially homogeneous suburban or exurban regions. 1930 – 1960 1929-1933 1933-1945 1945-1953 1953-1961 Hoover F.D. Roosevelt Truman Eisenhower Presidency Presidency Presidency Presidency 1930 1940 1950 1960 1929-1939 Great Depression 1939-1945: World War II 1910-1970: The Great Migration 1934-1962: 98% of loans FHA insured went to white borrowers 1933: Home Owners’ Loan Corporation created. Introduced practice of redlining. 1926: Corrigan v. Buckley U.S. Supreme Court decision validating racially 1934: Federal Housing restrictive covenants. Administration (FHA) established. Practiced redlining. 1930 1960s 1944: G.I. Bill Passed African Americans in Provided benefits to Black neighborhoods Northern cities live in WWII veterans, often in industrial Northeast neighborhoods that not for servicemen of are 74% black and are ~30% black. color higher. 12 13 1960 – 1980 1961-63 1963-1969 1969-1974 1974-1977 1977-1981 Richard Nixon Gerald Ford Jimmy Carter JFK Lyndon B. Johnson Presidency Presidency Presidency Presidency Presidency 1960 1970 1980 1910-1970: The Great Migration 1934-1962: 1965-1968 98% of loans FHA Riots in black insured went to white neighborhoods borrowers 1960s Black neighborhoods in industrial Northeast are over 74% black 14 Kerner Commission Report "Segregation and poverty have created, in the racial ghetto, a destructive environment totally unknown to most white Americans. What white Americans have never fully understood, but what the Negro can never forget, is that white society is deeply implicated in the ghetto. White institutions created it, white institutions maintain it, and white society condones it." 15 1960 – 1980 1961-63 1963-1969 1969-1974 1974-1977 1977-1981 JFK Lyndon B. Johnson Richard Nixon Gerald Ford Jimmy Carter Presidency Presidency Presidency Presidency Presidency 1960 1970 1980 1910-1970: The Great Migration 1934-1962: 1965-1968 1969 - 1973 98% of loans FHA Riots in black George W. Romney, insured went to white neighborhoods HUD Secretary, implements “Open borrowers Communities” initiative April 4, 1968: Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated 1973: Nixon pushes Romney out of HUD 1960s position Black neighborhoods in 1968: Kerner 1968: Fair Housing industrial Northeast Commission Act Passed are over 74% black Report released (Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968) 16


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