Philosophy 101 Final Exam Notes
Philosophy 101 Final Exam Notes PHIL*101*03
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alaina McLeod on Monday May 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL*101*03 at Coastal Carolina University taught by B. Hamby in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Coastal Carolina University.
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Date Created: 05/09/16
What’s a valid argument? The truth of the premises guarante the truth of the conclusion. The conclusion cannot be false if the premises are true. The conclusion can be false. Describe Pre-Socratic: Discovering the physical processes of the world through the use of their reason. What is an argument: A reason given to reach a conclusion What is a fallacy: Special kind of argument that is a misleading tempting error Describe Elenchus: Socratic Method that doesn’t end in truth. State of confusion by question and answer aka refutation What happens at the end of the chapter ‘Apology’: Socrates asks the jury to treat his sons the way he treated the citizens of Athens. What is death looked at as? A great blessing that shouldn’t be feared. It is better than being a coward and better than living without virtue. What was Socrates’ wisdom: Consists of not claiming to know what he does not know. Describe Phadeo: A true philosopher should want to die because in death his soul will be free to receive the truth. Argument of opposites: Everything that dies comes back to life again. (Reciprocal processes: All things come from their opposite state, if something is larger then it was smaller b4. With this are two opposite processes, “smaller & larger” = “increase & decrease” Argument of recollection: Our souls must have existed before we were born. Things in the world which appear to be equal in measurement are in fact deficient in the equality they possess. When we see the deficiency of the examples of equality, it helps us to think of, or “recollect,” the Equal itself. In order to do this, we must have had some prior knowledge of the Equal itself. Since this knowledge does not come from sense-perception, we must have acquired it before we acquired sense- perception, that is, before we were born Affinity Argument: The soul is like a harmony therefore, supposing it has been freed of bodily influence through philosophical training, the soul is most likely to make its way to world when the body dies. (If, however, the soul is polluted by bodily influence, it likely will stay bound to world upon death. Whats the theory of the forms? Platonic Doctrine Rationalist: The world and knowledge can be handled and accessed thru our unaided intellect Whats Cogito Ergo Sum: Descartes way to solve the problem of the criterion, Indubitable It is impossible to doubt that you’re doubting and be correct that you’re doubting. False What’s the belief of imperlist: Knowledge is possible thru our perceptions. Must use our senses to access the world and knowledge. Descrates wasn’t a sketpic: Used sketpic doubt to receive knowledge. Hume: The casual relation between 2 things is something a person never perceives. Kant was neither a rationalist/empiricist Socrates believed unaided intellect could give u knowledge (rationalist) Skeptic belief: No knowledge claim can be justified Socrates last words: Death is a cure for life. At end of Euthyphro Socrates doesn’t offer an answer that we could investigate further and gives up. The Justself, Beautifulself, Goodself, cannot be sensed by the body and can be accessed thru the mind alone. Morality is an informal public system, applying to all rational persons, governing behavior that affects others, and which has as its goal either the increase of good/benefit or the lessening of evil/harm. Features of Inquiry: The focus on an issue, careful examination of an issue, reasoned judgement,
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