Soc M138: Homicide
Soc M138: Homicide Sociology M138
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Monday May 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology M138 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Timmermans in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Death, suicide and trauma in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 05/09/16
5/9/16 ● What distinguishes a homicide from a suicide is the type of interaction involved. A suicide involves an individual taking his/her own life. A homicide on the other hand, involves two individuals: a victim and a perpetrator. A homicide is defined as the deliberate and unlawful killing of one person by another. ○ Yearly about 437 thousand people die of homicide, of this cohort, 37% occur in south america ○ About 80% of men are victims of homicide ○ Guns being the weapon of choice within the Americas ● Homicide victimization rate in the U.S. ○ 4.8% of homicides in 2010 ○ Since 1970, homicides doubled and then declined ○ Demographics: more male homicide victims and perpetrators, majority are black perpetrators ages 1824/2534yr olds are victims ○ Age: dramatic increase among 1834yr old victims→ gradually declines (same for offenders) ○ Sex of victims: men are 4 times as likely to be murdered than women (similar to offender statistics) ○ Race: black homicide victims increase then decrease (similar for offenders), whereas the rate for whites remains constant ○ Interintra racial homicide: 83% of blacks were killed by blacks, 84% of whites were killed by whites ○ Relationship of victim and offender: most people are killed by those they know ○ Intimate homicide victimization: females are more likely to be the victim than men within an intimate relationship ○ Circumstances: most homicides result from an argument ○ Weapon types: more homicides result from the use of guns than other weapons, peaked in the 90’s ● Decline and rise of homicide ○ Rise until 1991 ○ Decline until 1997 ○ Offenders: big peak after 1993, a majority are young african male ○ Possible explanation for rise ■ Change in demographics: shrinking of crime age cohorts ■ Changing role of handguns (use of guns quadruple among the young) ■ Crack market (arrest rate for drug charges doubled for nonwhites) ■ Diffusion of guns and expansion of drug offenders ○ Possible explanation for decline: change in entire population ■ Policing became betterconfiscate drugs, stop and frisk ■ Broken windows theory/better care of the city (targeted small crime) ■ Crack market becomes more stable ■ Unemployment rates decrease ■ Better gun control 5/9/16 ● NYC ○ Rise in 8591 ○ Decline in 9296 ○ Possible explanations: ■ Law enforcement adopts the broken windows theory (target small crime) ■ Social trend: changes in demographics, drug market, better gun control etc ○ Is policing responsible for the decline? ■ Arguments both in favor and against