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Soc M138: Homicide

by: Freddie816

Soc M138: Homicide Sociology M138

GPA 3.3

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Lecture on homicide statistics and explanation for the fall and decline of homicide
Death, suicide and trauma
Class Notes
soc, m138, timmermans, suicide, Death, and, Trauma, homicide, sociology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Monday May 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology M138 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Timmermans in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Death, suicide and trauma in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.

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Date Created: 05/09/16
    5/9/16    ● What distinguishes a homicide from a suicide is the type of interaction involved. A suicide  involves an individual taking his/her own life. A homicide on the other hand, involves two  individuals: a victim and a perpetrator. A homicide is defined as the deliberate and unlawful  killing of one person by another.  ○ Yearly about 437 thousand people die of homicide, of this cohort, 37% occur in  south america  ○ About 80% of men are victims of homicide   ○ Guns being the weapon of choice within the Americas  ● Homicide victimization rate in the U.S.  ○ 4.8% of homicides in 2010   ○ Since 1970, homicides doubled and then declined   ○ Demographics: more male homicide victims and perpetrators, majority are black  perpetrators ages 18­24/25­34yr olds are victims   ○ Age: dramatic increase among 18­34yr old victims→  gradually declines (same for  offenders)  ○ Sex of victims: men are 4 times as likely to be murdered than women (similar to  offender statistics)  ○ Race: black homicide victims increase then decrease (similar for offenders),  whereas the rate for whites remains constant   ○ Inter­intra racial homicide: 83% of blacks were killed by blacks, 84% of whites were  killed by whites   ○ Relationship of victim and offender: most people are killed by those they know  ○ Intimate homicide victimization: females are more likely to be the victim than men  within an intimate relationship   ○ Circumstances: most homicides result from an argument   ○ Weapon types: more homicides result from the use of guns than other weapons,  peaked in the 90’s  ● Decline and rise of homicide  ○ Rise until 1991  ○ Decline until 1997  ○ Offenders: big peak after 1993, a majority are young african male   ○ Possible explanation for rise  ■ Change in demographics: shrinking of crime age cohorts  ■ Changing role of handguns (use of guns quadruple among the young)  ■ Crack market (arrest rate for drug charges doubled for non­whites)  ■ Diffusion of guns and expansion of drug offenders  ○ Possible explanation for decline: change in entire population  ■ Policing became better­confiscate drugs, stop and frisk   ■ Broken windows theory/better care of the city (targeted small crime)   ■ Crack market becomes more stable   ■ Unemployment rates decrease  ■ Better gun control       5/9/16  ● NYC  ○ Rise in 85­91  ○ Decline in 92­96  ○ Possible explanations:  ■ Law enforcement adopts the broken windows theory (target small crime)    ■ Social trend: changes in demographics, drug market, better gun control etc  ○ Is policing responsible for the decline?  ■ Arguments both in favor and against  


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