Intro to Philosophy Greek Foundations Notes Week Fourteen
Intro to Philosophy Greek Foundations Notes Week Fourteen Philosophy 10200
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Gendron on Monday May 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Philosophy 10200 at Ithaca College taught by Prof. Robert Klee in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy Greek Foundations in PHIL-Philosophy at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 05/09/16
Intro to Philosophy Greek Foundations Notes Week Fourteen Teleological- The world is full of purposes, everyone has a final cause (or goal) Aristotle believes in causally active purposes o Has a contemporary concept of causation The Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle’s oldest surviving treatise This work was named after one of his sons It is considered the most literary of his surviving works It doesn’t suppose a massive public revolution o He gives this for the average folk Aristotle believed in the standing personal character derived by the taking of certain actions or doing activities He aimed to write this ethics for the average person, not like Plato’s Utopia Human life is the pursuit “of ends” or goals Eudaimonia translates to “good-spiritedness” and contrary to popular belief has no religious connotation o Aristotle insists it is a certain kind of activity Q: So what is Eudaimonia? o A: First Aristotle says the popular answers that he says are incorrect 1.) The life of pursuing personal pleasure & excitement 2.) The life of pursuing honor, fame, and influence 3.) The life of pursuing money and wealth o 1.) Is incorrect because Eudaimonia for human beings must be unique to them as human beings- they can’t share with another kind of being- and the life of sensory pleasure and excitement is shared with nonhumans o 2.) The obtaining of Eudaimonia must be something in one’s own control, but honor, fame, and influence depend on those who grant them, not on those who have them o 3.) Eudaimonia is an end (goal) in itself, not a mere means to an end and money is not an end itself- it only has value because of what else it can buy th The 4 Kind of Life he Mentions: o The life of pursuing and contemplating knowledge for its own sake This type of life is only available to god This is God’s Eudiamonia Aristotle believes reason is good for its own sake Eudiamonia- An activity, not a state of mind Eudiamonia is activity of psyche (the mind) in the sense of being obedient to a rational principle or of apprehending such a principle o There is either good moral or intellectual activity He also said Eudiamonia is an activity of psyche in accordance to virtue in a complete life o Since activity over a short time does not constitute a satisfactory goal Aristotle believes virtue is an outcome of habituation o He believes that states of character arise out of habituation Plato did not claim virtue is connected to pleasure or pain. Aristotle says virtuous people take pleasure in the right things to the right degree One doing virtuous acts does not make them a virtuous person Plato first wants to change inner attitudes then believes the outward behavior will follow o Aristotle changes the behavior first and slowly the inner attitudes and thoughts will change Q: What sort of state of mind is virtue? o A: A psychological disposition to choose the mean or moderate choice between means or moderate choice between extremes.
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