Week 1 and 2 notes
Popular in Deviance and organizations
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Monday May 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Towson University taught by Dr. Elyshia Aseltine in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views.
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Date Created: 05/09/16
8/30/16 Deviance and Organizations • In our society we focus more on street crime rather than “suite” crime Suite crime: imagined to be less harmful because they are not as direct as street crimes; committed by elites Street crime: murder, rape, robbery, drug dealing Organizations Definition of organizations: a collection of jobs or social positions each with its own skills, power, rules and rewards *organizations will prevail even if certain positions are not fulfilled • organizations do not think or act on their own, but they can't be reduced to people • people are replaceable —> loss of people doesn't disrupt the organization • organizations influence the way people behave Purposiverational model —> orgs take an ultimate goal and break it down into subgoals (and sub subgoals…) then assign a specific unit/department within the organizational hierarchy to achieve those goals, then suitable members are recruited to fill these positions *3 main concepts are goals, hierarchy and members The Basics: 1. Goals Are clear, agreed upon, linked with the hierarchy of the organizations and the members responsibilities Complications of goals: —> conflicting goals —> window dressing: example of this is McDonald’s —> goals that are moving targets —> seeking goals after the fact 2. Hierarchy —> “sacred order” • ranking of skills, power, rules and rewards (punishment) • mythology —> leaders are exceptional —> CEOs —> compensation —> leaders are respected 4 Specific Powers of Organization Elites 1. expulsion —> terminate your employment 2. career power —> influence the trajectory of your career 3. resource power —> limit to access of things you need to do your job 4. informal power —> more of less tolerance of people breaking rules 5. surveillance —> watching from above; supervisors compel employees to follow the supervisors will 6. sousveillance —> watching from below employees strategies to discipline their superiors — control information, technical expertise, work flow 9/6/16 Three Ways Organizations Encourage Deviance 1. Limited information and responsibility 2. Elites indirectly cause it through norms, rewards and punishments 3. Elites directly ordering deviance Punishment Can be directed at individuals or at the company itself individuals: rare —> very rare for leadership —> pass blame down the hierarchy company: “death penalty” rare —> formal admittance of wrongdoing — rare —> most common punishments are financial **often times the settlements are tax deductible; any fines from the court are not tax deductible
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