Chapter 4 Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Hawley on Tuesday May 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 2010 at Clemson University taught by Dr. Barr in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 05/10/16
Chapter 4: The Self and Interaction I. The Process of Socialization A. Socialization: the process of learning and internalizing the values, beliefs, and norms of our social group, by which we become functioning members of society. 1. Socialization works on both an individual and a social level, and accomplishes 2 goals: a. It teaches members the skills necessary to satisfy basic human needs and to defend themselves against danger, thus ensuring that society itself will continue to exist. b. Socialization teaches individuals the norms, values, and beliefs associated with their culture and provide ways to ensure that members adhere to their shared way of life. 2. Social Isolation a. Feral Children: children who have had little human contact and may have lived in the wild from a young age. B . Agents of Socialization: social groups, institutions, and individuals that provide structured situations in which socialization takes place. 1. Family a. Family is the single most important and significant agent of socialization. b. Family has the longestlasting influence on the individual. c. Where a family is located, both socially and geographically, allows for other agents of socialization. 2. School a. Hidden Curriculum: values or behavior that students learn indirectly over their school years because the structure of the educational system and the teaching methods used. 3. Peers a. Peer Groups: are groups of people who are about the same age and have similar social characteristics. b. Peers have the most intense and immediate effect on each other (peer pressure) c. They provide the most important and enjoyable social bonds, but can also be the source of painful selfdoubt, ridicule, or rejection for many young people. 4. Mass Media a. It has become one of the most significant sources of socialization. The media teaches the family the basic norms, and many people spend more time with the mass media than in the classroom. C. Adult Socialization a. Adults are not completely socialized, rather constantly learning and adjusting to new conditions over the life course and thereby participating in secondary socialization. b. Resocialization: process of replacing previously learned norms and values with new ones as a part of a transition in life. c. Total Institutions: institutions where individuals are cut off from the rest of society so their lives can be controlled and regulated for the purpose of systematically stripping away previous roles and identities in order to create new ones (nursing homes, monasteries, military)
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