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Chapter 4 Notes

by: Lauren Hawley

Chapter 4 Notes SOC 2010

Marketplace > Clemson University > SOC 2010 > Chapter 4 Notes
Lauren Hawley

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These are Chapter 4 Notes from the professors lecture and the most important parts from this chapter in the textbook.
Introduction to Sociology
Dr. Barr
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Hawley on Tuesday May 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 2010 at Clemson University taught by Dr. Barr in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 05/10/16
Chapter 4: The Self and Interaction I. The Process of Socialization A. Socialization: the process of learning and internalizing the values, beliefs, and norms of our social group, by which we become functioning members of society. 1. Socialization   works   on   both   an   individual   and   a   social   level,   and accomplishes 2 goals:  a. It teaches members the skills necessary to satisfy basic human needs and to defend themselves against danger, thus ensuring that society itself will continue to exist.  b. Socialization teaches individuals the norms, values, and beliefs associated with their culture and provide ways to ensure that members adhere to their shared way of life.  2. Social Isolation a. Feral Children: children who have had little human contact and  may have lived in the wild from a young age.   B .    Agents of Socialization: social groups, institutions, and individuals that  provide structured situations in which socialization takes place. 1. Family a. Family is the single most important and significant agent of  socialization. b. Family has the longest­lasting influence on the individual. c. Where a family is located, both socially and geographically, allows for other agents of socialization. 2. School a. Hidden Curriculum: values or behavior that students learn  indirectly over their school years because the structure of the  educational system and the teaching methods used. 3. Peers a. Peer Groups: are groups of people who are about the same age and  have similar social characteristics. b. Peers have the most intense and immediate effect on each other  (peer pressure) c. They provide the most important and enjoyable social bonds, but  can also be the source of painful self­doubt, ridicule, or rejection  for many young people. 4. Mass Media a. It has become one of the most significant sources of socialization. The media teaches the family the basic norms, and many people spend more time with the mass media than in the classroom. C. Adult Socialization a. Adults are not completely socialized, rather constantly learning and adjusting   to   new   conditions   over   the   life   course   and   thereby participating in secondary socialization.  b. Resocialization:  process of replacing previously learned norms and values with new ones as a part of a transition in life. c. Total Institutions: institutions where individuals are cut off from the rest of society so their lives can be controlled and regulated for the purpose of systematically stripping away previous roles and identities in order to create new ones (nursing homes, monasteries, military)


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