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HIST 150 Week 14 Notes: 4/25- 4/29

by: Whitney Kendall

HIST 150 Week 14 Notes: 4/25- 4/29 Hist 150-002

Marketplace > Colorado State University > History > Hist 150-002 > HIST 150 Week 14 Notes 4 25 4 29
Whitney Kendall

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About this Document

Notes covering the rest of the reform movements up to the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854
U.S. History to 1876
Tracy L Brady
Class Notes
history, hist150, Reform, movements, Kansas, Nebraska
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Kendall on Wednesday May 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150-002 at Colorado State University taught by Tracy L Brady in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1876 in History at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 05/11/16
4/25/16 Reform Movements (Cont.)  Abolitionist Movement (Cont.) o William Lloyd Garrison  “the Liberator”  Wanted to not only abolish slavery, but also advocated for equal rights  Was kind of hard to work with  Thinks that slavery has tainted all institutions in the US. Denounces the recognition of slavery in the constitution and it’s a, “covenant with death, and an agreement with hell…” and burns a copy of it in public as protest.  1833- American Anti-Slavery Society  Formed by him and Theodore Weld  Also thought to form their own group of college students for it. Students withdraw and form a new college: Oberlin o Most liberal college, accepted women and blacks as students o Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriett Beechor Stowe  Anti-slavery stories, over 1,000, 000 pieces flooded the south  States start passing laws against anti-slavery literature. Start to reinforce reading restriction laws on slaves. Also harder laws to become free  The abolitionist movements actually make slave life harder  Abolitionists are prosecuted and harassed  The movement brings more attention to it, but it doesn’t really help  Slaves are getting annoyed and impatient and want to do more than moral indignation- looking at political changes o Liberty Party  Devoted to trying to take legal action against slavery  Women’s Rights Movement o Sarah and Angelina Grimke o Become Quakers and decide to leave the south and join a Quaker community in Philadelphia o Parlor meetings start: tea parties where they discussed their experiences with slavery  Men started to come to these meetings, and it grew to large mixed audiences o 1837: Angelina is the first female to address the Massachusetts legislature. First female public speakers o They receive a letter from ministers chastising them that what they are doing is unacceptable. She writes a public letter back and addresses in it that men and women are created equal and what men can do, women can do it too o Female societies start forming 4/27/16 Seneca falls Convention: First Women’s Rights Activist (1846)  Attendees include Susan B. Anthony, Lucretia Mott  They create a document of the declaration of rights and sentiment o Laws created to keep your own property, right to custody (children), to higher education, full participation in religion, and right to vote o Everything passed unanimously except the right to vote  Men ridiculed the women for thinking they could ever have that right  Start to see improvements for women’s lives o Elizabeth Blackwell- Attends medical school in New York, admitted because they were sure she would fail. She proves them wrong and graduates at the top of her class  Goes to France to get a higher education degree, when she comes back, no one will hire her so she starts her own practice, but men refuse to go to her o Some states allow women to own land o Consider women in matters of custody War with Mexico  Tensions are rising  President Polk o Sends secret envoy John Slidell to try to purchase the parts of Mexico that the US covets (New Mexico, Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, and Colorado) o Mexico government refuses to even meet with John Slidell o Makes Polk mad, he orders Taylor to take American troops to cross the Oasis River o Mexico takes this as a war threat o Polk says that Mexico violated border agreements and killed Americans on American soil. Polk asks for a declaration of war against Mexico from congress. He gets it in May of 1846  Young Whig Congress man named Abraham Lincoln, he questions Polk’s claims of where Mexico spilt American blood  General Zachary Taylor o This was a time where Americans started to believe in conspiracies  Henry David Thoreau o Protester, refuses to pay taxes because he does not want to support the war, thinks it’s an unmoral dishonest war o Is arrested, when he’s released he rights and essay called Civil Disobedience  Aunt didn’t want him in jail, bails him out after just one night  Very influential piece  Taylor continues into north eastern Mexico and captures the city Monterey in September 1846  Stephen Kearny marches to Santa Fe, where Americans are living and trading. He takes it without a single shot fired. Mexico surrenders- Americans had stronger ties with Mexico, had connections there  Kearny goes to California, with John C. Fremont to capture Mexican California  General Winfield Scott o Launches an attack on coastal city Bear Cruz, then marches to Mexico City and captures it. With him was Polk’s envoy Nicholas Trist with the terms of peace. o Polk tried to have Trist to come back to Washington, he stays. o Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in February 1848: Gave US all the present day states, defined the border as the Rio Grande River. Also ended the war  Polk and others want to just take all of Mexico, but Trist just went by the original plan, Polk settled for that  First war that Americans can closely follow o The telegraph o Let people read different points of view  New Famous War Hero’s o Can be used for name drops 4/29/16 Events Leading to Civil War David Wilmot  Proposes the Wilmot Proviso: any territory required from the war with Mexico would become free territory. Wants to join it with a Military bill that is preparing for war o Southern Whigs join with Southern Democrats join to go against the Proviso o Doesn’t pass- start to see the breakdown of political parties, they become more as North vs South Election of 1848  Finally the North and South find a candidate they can agree with  Lots of National pride in beating Mexico  Democrats choose Lewis Cass o Runs on Popular Sovereignty and says let’s just let the people living in the new land choose whether to be free or slave o Writes two biographies, one for the north and one for the south for his campaign to get both sides on his  Whigs choose Zachary Taylor o Focuses on status as a war hero o Whigs Win, eventually Taylor dies Compromise of 1850  Utah wants to become a state  DC is having conflict with slavery. Abolitionist think it’s bad that slavery is going on in the nation’s capital  Slave owners are complaining that fugitive slave laws are not being enforced. o Northerners are helping runaways  Texas and New Mexico are feuding between borders- TX is slave, NM is free  Taylor recognizes there are three groups in all this. He dies in July to some gastro intestinal infection  VP Millard Fillmore becomes President. He is more pro- south than Taylor  Compromise shifts a bit to help the south. Henry clay came up with it  Stephen Douglas is the one who actually argues for it  California gets admitted as a free state, Utah doesn’t because of the LBS church and polygamy, Texas has to seed some land to New Mexico, in DC slave trade is ended but slavery is allowed there still, and Stronger Fugitive Slave Act: helps enforce fugitive laws o Anthony Burns: was a slave in Boston. Wanted to buy his freedom. Federal Government blocks the purchase of freedom for Burns. Did it to show they will stick by their word. Make him march down the street by abolitionists. They drape black in the streets, gives slavery a face. o In the south it’s the opposite effect. South is worried about the North trying to demolish their institution o Same time as Uncle Tom’s Cabin Election of 1852  Whigs: General Winfield Scott  Democrats: Franklin Pierce o A handsome nice candidate. He wins. o North- machine politics, South- pledges to be tough with Fugitive Slave Act Kansas Nebraska Act in 1854  People just wanted to get through KS and NE at frst, then people started to notice they had great farm land  Stephen Douglas wanted to open Kansas to be open to settlement. Wants a railroad starting in Illinois his home state o Uses Popular Sovereignty again to let people decide later about whether it is slave or free. Works this time. Didn’t think that it would become slave. o People from Missouri move west with their slaves to Kansas. Also people from New England recruit Anti-slavery people to live in Kansas  “Bleeding Kansas” people were deciding by killing each other o Letting people decide didn’t work o Lawrence the anti-slavery town was burned by pro-slavery people o John Brown in retaliation goes with his sun to go murder 5 unarmed pro-slave people in Pottawatomie Creek


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