HIST 150 Week 12 Notes: 4/11- 4/15
HIST 150 Week 12 Notes: 4/11- 4/15 Hist 150-002
Popular in U.S. History to 1876
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Popular in History
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Whitney Kendall on Wednesday May 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150-002 at Colorado State University taught by Tracy L Brady in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1876 in History at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 05/11/16
4/11/16 Manifest Destiny John L. O’Sullivan o Coins the term “Manifest Destiny” It is our manifest destiny to overspread our continent It is our god given duty and right to expand west and bring democracy and capitalism to the less developed people. It doesn’t matter if violence involved because it is for the greater good Economic, racist, nationalism are all motivators Need to control the pacific to have power and to trade with Asia Overland Trail Legendary, movement to California, Oregon area. 7 month trip People moving west o Was expensive; needed to buy lots of supplies- wagons, food, etc. for the journey People moved because… o Not as much land in original west o Hard economic times, might be better to move west o People are saying that it’s great to live there, “You have to leave the state to die” People kept diaries while on the trail of their experiences People at the early stages hired mountain men to help them, made traveling easier, help guide them. Also wagon trains made guidelines for the trip to help to control conflicts Before traveling, need to consider timing with weather and when other people left before you Gender division in jobs o Men: With no farming they instead took care of livestock Sometimes hunted- was something they looked forward to Described the journey as something nice, relaxed, maybe even fun o Women: Expected to do all homemaking duties and taking care of children Included, sewing, mending, cooking, washing Their diaries were a bit more negative, they needed to keep track of children. Was stressful doing all this on the move. First ones up, last ones down, constantly cooking and preparing First half of trip they tried to get to Fort Laramie by June, was easy. Fort Hall they tried to reach to celebrate the 4 of July 2ndhalf harder, had to cross Sierra Nevada Mountains, worried about running into Indians and weather Overall not that dangerous. Disease was main cause of death o Cholera and accidents are what killed the most o Drownings, children run over, accidental shootings… o Native Americans DID NOT actually attack them like movies portray. They were killed more by pioneers than the other way around California trail is a bit harder and longer, having to go through Nevada Desert Planter Elite People tried to live like this, but only about 2.5-3% of the population had the nice plantations owning lots of slaves, living lavishly. Ideology of Paternalism: Slavery is ok because we are just one big happy family of white members and black members. I am just the head of a really large family. Was considered a duty and a burden to care for everyone. Believed they were being courteous and therefore expect obedience and gratitude from the slaves. They believed slavery was actually good for blacks because it is all they could handle Masters truly believed this. They loved everyone and believed they all loved him. Plantation Wife had lots of responsibility, and very little authority. Master expects just as much obedience from her as from slaves. They didn’t tolerate women trying to have power. o Women didn’t like slavery Made lots of work for them and responsibility Had to accept that female slaves were raped Made friends with the slaves especially their personal maids Saw it as individual relationships instead of a system like men did Utopian Communities Built around an ideal, often religious The Shakers o Founded by Mother Ann Lee o Celibate- sin had entered the world through intercourse o Equal community of brothers and sisters o Needed to recruit since there were no babies being made o Made furniture- clean lined, simple New Harmony o Robert Owen o Socialist community o No poverty or unemployment, everyone would work and contribute, get what they need o Lots of sex o Lasted 3 years Lack of organization, and proper planning Women had to do everything 4/13/16 Utopian Communities (cont.) Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints o First Mormon church founded by Joseph Smith o Characterized by cooperation between all of the members. Very successful community o Members are persecuted until they find the community of Navu in Illinois o In 1804, Joseph smith and his brothers are arrested and then broken out of jail and murdered by those people o Brigham Young thinks for them to be what they want to be is to move far away from mainstream America, so they move to Utah Don’t stay isolated for long because they are on the path to California o Most successful utopian community American Renaissance Transcendentalism: we can transcend our ordinary boring parts of life and achieve a more ideal reality through self-reflection, and intuition. Also thought God was in every single person even the bad people. By finding yourself, you find God. o Anti-prostitution, prohibition, etc. they believe they can fix Ralph Waldo Emerson- was a transcendentalist Middle Class Family Men have to focus on careers- they are no longer at home Women still in charge of child care and house work, man was no longer there to “watch over” everything. Women start to gain authority o Is called Doctrine of Separate Spheres Men not at home, women take over Outside of the south, in industrial areas Wife is going to concentrate solely on homemaking or The Cult of Domesticity o Home is the “refugee” to the husband from the awful outside world o She wants/ it’s her job to make home the perfect haven for him o Magazines made for women Godey’s Lady’s Book: things from recipes, dress patterns, ways to organize, how women are seen… o Men are believed to be suited/ naturally fit to go out into the work force and be away from home. They are seen as perfect and made for it. o Women are seen not as smart, not as strong, they are more nurturing, and pure, they are “made” to be at home and make that haven Marriage is looked at as an economic arrangement to benefit each other. Now in 1830s-ish, women aren’t seen as important to the overall wellbeing. It no longer matters if she’s good at having lots of kids or sewing but more important that they can cooperate and trust each other to live together. More companionship. o People are now consciously seeking to limit the size of their families: Family Limitation No longer need all those children Kids are now an economic drain instead of an asset. Kids need to be educated, no longer need to help out on the farm To stay in Middle Class it takes a lot of resources Average kids per household went from 7 to 4 kids Families are practicing birth control Things like condoms- usually associated with sex trade and prostitution. Instead used other less reliable methods o Rhythm method, periodic sexual abstinence (find when she is fertile and not), overall mutual cooperation o Doctors said once you have all the kids you want, stop having sex all together o Believed you had a lot of energy, and it’s a waste to be having sex because you need to use it to make your company be better Couples still had sex After 1830, women got abortions, it was very popular o State laws started to outlaw it, 20 states outlawed it ***Read about immigrants*** Expansion of Electorate Laws are changing to make more universal suffrage, its becoming easier to vote as a white man o Westward expansion- if you move, and your white and 21+, you can vote o Older states are losing populations, they make it so that adult male white populations can vote so they don’t move. No longer need to own property to vote, every class can vote now, people are curious to see what’s going to happen to America now New England states were the only ones that allowed free blacks to vote: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island Western States had most restrictive laws on African Americans with voting and civil rights o Ohio denied right to vote, hold public office, and could not testify against white men in court o Some constitutions tried to deny free African Americans entry to their states, ex: Oregon o *Just because there is no slavery doesn’t mean there is no racism* Women still could not vote. The harsh world was not seen suited for them o Voting was seen as a rite of passage to manhood, if women can vote, that would ruin it Popular Politics Ordinary people are starting to have a voice, not only wealthy people can hold office any more New techniques of campaigning to get people excited o Big emotional speeches, rallies, parades, candidates who are already famous- “name recognition”, lavish spreads of food and alcohol o “party royalty”- politics runs in the family- giant men’s club Election of John Quincy Adams 1824, still only one political party, but there are some sub-parties o Varied between regions Adams was from New England, Andrew Jackson was from Tennessee o Jackson is a war hero, he’s not part of the traditional political stuff, he’s an ordinary guy o Neither of them get majority vote, house of reps decides who will be president o Henry Clay personally disliked Jackson, and encourages the house to vote for Adams, they do, then becomes his Secretary of State Looks like a conspiracy to Jackson and his followers. Popular opinion is on his side Spends 4 miserable years, at next election Jackson is elected- kicks his ass 4/15/16 Jackson’s Presidency “Era of The Common Man” o Promotion of the common man, and states’ rights Martin Van Buren o Campaign manager and Secretary of state, part of his Kitchen Cabinet The formal political party of Democratic Republicans becomes just the Democratic party o Opposed by the Whigs, they claimed to be defending popular liberties because he never deferred to Congress and didn’t hesitate to use veto power o Jackson supported states’ rights and the expansion of slavery, also didn’t like the Bank of America Inauguration celebration o 10,000 people in attendance. First time held on the East Portico at the capitol. o “free-for-all” Awards his best followers with well-ranked jobs in his administration o “Spoils system” o Got rid of all the Adams and Clay supporters o Makes it a federal issue Relies on his friends and family back home, instead of his actual cabinet in the white house o “Kitchen- Cabinet” John Henry Eaten o Secretary of War o Marries Peggy Eaton, she’s a slut and is shunned by other Washington Elite women John C Calhoun o VP o Mrs. Calhoun Ring leader of the “Anti-Peggy” issue Presidency is the “will of the people” Strengthens the executive branch at the expense of the legislative and judicial brnch o Use of veto power
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