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PAM 2030, Week 15 Notes

by: Eunice

PAM 2030, Week 15 Notes PAM 2030

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Review Demography of Inequality
Population and Public Policy
Professor Sassler
Class Notes
population, PAM
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eunice on Wednesday May 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PAM 2030 at Cornell University taught by Professor Sassler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.


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Date Created: 05/11/16
PAM 2030 Sassler Spring 2016 May 10, 2016  iclicker: C, NY has highest levels of income inequality  review o population size (7.3 billion and counting in the world)  demographic transition theory  perspectives on population growth  Malthus vs. Engels  Boserup and Hardin  Ehrlich and Simon  Lam and Becker  components of population change  age structure  America’s changing racial/ethnic composition  family structure  health and mortality transition o mortality and morbidity (CDR, age specific death rates, IMR), life expectancy o readings: health disparities by race  family demography  fertility measurements (CBR, GFR, CWR, TFR, GRR)  fertility transition: economic development, reproductive rights  changes in context of childbearing o increased nonmarital childbearing o increase cohabitation o costs of teen childbearing  public policy to promote marriage  interracial relationship  work and family balance  US vs. other countries  Migration and Urbanization  net migration, population balancing equation  migration theories (Ravenstein, Lee, etc)  reviewed role of cities  immigration and US o The Demography of Inequality  demographic trends converging leads growing inequality  Piketty: inequality leads to social and economic instability  poverty vs. inequality (limited social mobility)  poverty: the rate has fluctuated  inequality: has increased steadily  measuring inequality: Gini index  limited to pretax income  0 = all households have equal income  1 = only one household has all the income  another measurement  examine share of aggregate income received by a certain population  assessing social mobility  compare a person’s status with their parents’ status o income (economists’ approach): easy to rank o occupation (sociologists’ approach): easy to measure  difficulty defining an evolving job market o education, wage, family income, wealth, etc  demographic factors for inequality  depends on where you live  correlation with immigration and diversity  family structure o single moms get less aid o structure varies by race and ethnicity  marriage o homogamy o correlation with educational attainment


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