Odysseus Writes His Own Kleos/Underworld
Odysseus Writes His Own Kleos/Underworld Classic 170
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by AngelicaDeMario on Thursday May 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Classic 170 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Renee Calkins in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.
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Date Created: 05/12/16
Odysseus Sings His Own Kleos • “I am Odysseus, great Laertes’ son, Known for my cunning throughout the world, And my fame reaches even heaven.” (Odyssey, lines 9.2-23) • What is nostos?- A return home, particularly the return of a warrior from raiding or war. • (His Men’s Foolishness) “That was my order, but the fools wouldn’t listen. They drank a lot of wine and slaughtered A lot often and cattle on the shore Some of the town’s survivors got away insane And called their kinsmen. We lost six fighting men from each of our ships. The rest of us cheated destiny and death” (Odyssey lines 9.42-64) • What effect does eating the lotus have on Odysseus’ men at their next stop? - They forget home. • How does the Cyclops Polyphemus violate the custom of xenia? He refuses to give his guests a gift. • (Having Guests for Dinner) “He tore them limb from limb To make his supper, gulping them down Like a mountain lion, leaving nothing behind- Guts, flesh, or marrowy bones (Odyssey lines 279-286) • What false name does Odysseus give Polyphemus? - Noman • Why does Poseidon get angry with Odysseus and make his journey home difficult? - Odysseus blinds his son. • Odysseus and his men are within sight of Ithaca when they lose their nostos. How does this happen? - Odysseus’ men open the bag of winds from Aeolus. • What does Circe transform Odysseus’ men into? – pigs The Underworld • Who is Elpenor? - The guy who fell off Circe’s roof. • Tiresias warns Odysseus that he must not allow the men to do what if they want to make it back to Ithaca?- “In the violet sea, and find there the cattle of Helios the Sun, and his sheep too, grazing. Leave these unharmed, keep your mind on your homecoming, And you may still reach Ithaca, though not without pain.” • After speaking with Tiresias and his mother, with which group of people does Odysseus covers first? Heroines from the previous generation. • Who is Arete? -Was the wife of Alcinous and mother of Nausicaa and Laodamas. (Queen of Phaeacians) • Which son of another hero of the Trojan War has been held up as a model for Telemachus to imitate? - Achilles’ son Neoptolemus • Who is the final hero Odysseus sees in the Underworld? - Herakles • In addition to Tiresias, who else gives Odysseus advice about what he needs to do in order to make it back to Ithaca with his men? - Circe • (Hunger, Foolishness, and Bad Omens) “ Then the gods showed some portents Directed at my men. The hides crawled, And the meat, both roasted and raw, Mooed on the spits, like cattle lowing.” (Odyssey, lines 402-408)
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