Euripides' Medea in Imperial Athens and Alexander the Great
Euripides' Medea in Imperial Athens and Alexander the Great Classic 170
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by AngelicaDeMario on Thursday May 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Classic 170 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Renee Calkins in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.
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Date Created: 05/12/16
Eurpides’ Medea in Imperial Athens • In what city was Euripides’ Medea first staged as part of the City Dionysia festival? - Corinth • At the time the play was staged, Athens had gotten in between the Greek colony of Corcyra (the ‘daughter’) and Corcyra’s ‘parent’ city. What was the parent city of Corcyra? - • In part because of this conflict over Corcyra, corinth pushed which city to formally declare war on Athens and lead an invasion into Athenian territory? • Where did Jason first meet Medea? • Why did Jason and Medea have to leave Iolcus? - Medea tricked Pelias’s daughters into killing him. • The chorus in Euripide’s Medea is made up of which group of people? - Corinthian women The Chorus “I could have sung my own song against the race of men. The fullness of time holds many tales: it can speak of both men and women.” (Euripides, Medea 427-433) Judgements of Jason “You have betrayed your wife. You’ve been unjust.” (Euripides, Medea, 596- 598) • How does Medea plan to murder the princess and king of Corinth? - She will give her sons a poisoned robe and crow to deliver to the princess • In the traditional Corinthian version of the myth, who kills Medea’s children at the sanctuary of Hera at Perachora? - Medea Alexander and the Creation of Hellenistic Egypt • In addition to being the Greek god of theater, Dionysus is the god of what? wine (male counterpart to Demeter) always carries a cantors and thyrsus • In what region was Medea’s hometown located? The Black Sea • How did Medea claim to have helped Jason in Euripides’ tragedy? She bore Jason children, She defeated all the monsters, She got vengeance for Jason against his evil uncle Pelias. • What benefits did Jason claim that Medea had received in exchange for her services in Euripides’ tragedy? doxa (political fame in Athens) • What rights did a foreign divorced woman have in a Greek city? None of the above • How did Euripides change the foundation myth for the ritual in Hera’s sanctuary at Perachora in Medea? Medea kills the children Macedonian (Greek) Empire under Philip • 382336 BC • King of Macedon (Macedonia is the name of a larger territory) • Father of Alexander the Great • Hold old was Alexander when he became king of Macedonia? 20 Early Signs of Ambition • Mother: Olympias • Father: Philip • Tutor: Aristotle • Horse: Boukephalas • What characteristics are typically restricted to the gods in early Greek myth? smelling good • What does Hellenistic mean? Greeklike The Alexandria • 332/1 BC: founded by Alexander • Ptolemy and Ptolemy II ‘Philadelphus’ • Egypt • Greek was official language • seat of Ptolmid/Ptolemaic kingdom • Museum and Library • Apollonius • Why might an author borrow a traditional story from a different culture? Additional meaning would be constructed through the shared knowledge base of the author and his readership. Apollonius • Royal Librarian in Alexandria under Ptolemy II Philadelphus, ca. 270245 BC • scholar and poet • poems giving the foundation myths of various greek cities in the Hellenistic world • author of the epic poem, the Argonautica (=Jason and the Golden Fleece) • approximately 200 years after Euripides’ Medea • fully literary • wrote in Greek • What kinds of things do you think that an author like Apollonius might have borrowed from earlier Greek literature besides characters? - themes, genres, and narrative patterns. Argonoutica • composed in Greek (in Egypt) • epic poem in dactylic hexameter meter • Jason, Athena and Hera • heroic journey by sea that involves encounters with fantastic peoples • Colchis • intellectual “in crowd” at Alexandria is the primary audience Odyssey • composed in Greek (in Greek) • epic poem in dactylic hexameter meter • Odysseus, Athena • heroic journey by sea that involves encounters with fantastic peoples • Shereia (Island of the Phaeacians) • Panhellenic audience at festivals for the main gods
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