Hellenistic Egypt and Roman Empire
Hellenistic Egypt and Roman Empire Classic 170
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by AngelicaDeMario on Thursday May 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Classic 170 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Renee Calkins in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.
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Date Created: 05/12/16
Apollonius and Hellenistic Egypt • The cultural context of Apollonius is not Greek, but Egyptian • What city was the dramatic setting for Euripides’ Medea? - Corinth (first produced in Athens-Dionysia festival) • What benefits did Jason claim Medea had received in exchange for her series in Euripides’ Medea? - doxa • Where did Apollonius produce the Argonautica? - Alexandria, Egypt • In what language did Apollonius write the Argonautica? - Greek • What genre is the Argonautica? - EPIC • Why did epic poets like Hesiod and Homer typically invoke the Muses at the beginnings of their poems? - The Muses were the poet’s source of information about events far-removed in time and/or space Re-Invocation of the Muse at the Beginning of Book 3 • Erato and eperaton from eros=desire • Greek Muses were traditionally attendants of Apollo • Erato in Apollonius is associated with Aphrodite • What would it mean to you if someone said they were “pimping out” their car? - They were remodeling the car to make it look cool. Helpless Goddesses “But my mind remains unable to think of a trick…” “Let us confront her and urge her to speak to her son [Eros], in the hope that he can be persuaded to fire his arrows at the daughter of Aietes [Medea].” (Apollonius, Argonautica p.66, Hunter) • Where have we previously seen Aphrodite’s miseries bring laughter to others? - Mt. Ida in the Hymn to Aphrodite Xenia in a New World “I shall first speak to him and test whether he is willing in friendship (xenia) to grant us the golden fleece….” “…all men, even the most shameless, always respect and observe the ordinances of Zeus, Protector of Guests (xenoi)” (Apollonius, Argonautica pg.70) “I want to find out what those men are like, Wild savages with no sense of right or wrong Or hospitable folk who fear the gods.” (Odyssey, 9.167-171) • Where have we seen a “Golden Age” palace before? - Alcinous’ palace at the Phaeacians’ island in the Odyssey Palace of Aietes “four permanent springs which Hephaistos had dug out….” “Haphaistos had also fashioned bulls for him with bronze feet, and bronze too were their mouths…” (Apollonius, Argonautica )pg. 71) • How is the love Medea feels for Jason in the Argonautica different form the love Nausikaa felt for Odysseus in the Odyssey? - It leads to marriage…. it’s destructive The Promise of Fame “I shall carry report [kleos] of you as of a god through all of Hellas [Greece]” (Apollonius, Argonautica pg. 75, Hunter) • Euripides’ tragedy: Jason promised dosa • Apollonius’ epic: Jason promises kleos • What was the significance of Odysseus’ completing the trial of the discus trow on the island of the Phaeacians in the Odyssey? - It suggested that Odysseus was part of the elite warrior class, and had status that would make him an appropriate husband for Nausikaa. • In the Odyssey, how did Athena motivate Nausikaa to go to the laundry pools and thus discover Odysseus? - Athena sent Nausikaa a dream about preparing for her wedding. • What is Medea doing just before her meeting with Jason? - Playing with her girlfriends in the countryside outside the city. Jason’s Promises “…by spreading your name and your glorious repute (kleos)” “In our lawful marriage-chamber you shall share my bed, and nothing will separate us in our love until the appointed death enshrouds us.” Apollonius, Argonautica pg. 92, Hunter The Creation of a Roman Empire • Greek myth ended up being carried to Egypt as a result of what? The conquests of Alexander the Great • Which former general in Alexander the Great’s army established a dynasty in Egypt? Ptolemy (established Greek language for elites) • In which city were the Great Library and Museum established? Alexandria • Which librarian, scholar, and poet worked at the Great Library and composed a fully literary epic poem based on the myth of Jason and Medea? Apollonius • How is Apollonius' characterization of Medea different form the way Euripides had portrayed her? Apollonius' Medea is innocent and feminine • How is the lineage of Eros different in Apollonius from Eros’ lineage in Hesiod? He’s the child of Aphrodite Colonization of Magna Graecia • Phoenician and Greek colonization of southern Italy and Sicily, ca. 800600 B.C • Etruscans (native Italian people) • black and red figure pottery Rome and Phoenician Carthage • 264241 BC= First Carthaginian War • 218 BC= Second Carthaginian War • 201 BC= Peace with Carthage • 146 BC= Destruction of Carthage (soil polluted with salt) • From your reading assignment, what was the warning that the Roman Republican statesman Cato gave his son based on his experiences in Athens? It is a good idea to dip into Greek literature but not to learn it thoroughly. Greece, Rome, and ‘Athens University” • 146 BC= Greece formally part of the Roman Empire • 31 BC= Battle of Actium • “Conquered Greece seized her fierce conqueror and brought the arts to rustic Rome” Horace, Epistle 2.1.1567 Decline of the Roman Republic • 509 BC= Creation of the Roman Republic • 146 BC= Destruction of Corinth (Greece) and Carthage (North Africa) Dictators at Rome • 8279 BC= Sulla • 4644 BC= Julius Caesar Civil Wars of rome • 8382 BC= Sulla versus Marius • 4945 BC= Caesar versus Pompey • 4342 bC= Octavian and Antony versus Brutus and Cassius • When Octavian became the first emperor of Rome, he changed his name to what? Augustus • Who is the Roman approximation of Zeus? Jupiter/Jove • Who is the Roman approximation of Aphrodite? Venus (Iulus= mythical founder of Julian family in Rome) • Who is the Roman approximation of Hera? Juno • Who is the Roman approximation of Ares? Mars Native Roman Myth • Romulus and Remus (Romulus: Rome) • Mother: Rhea Silba, priestess of Vesta, goddess of the hearth • Father: Mars, god of War
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