Seneca(Imperial Rome) and His Version of Medea
Seneca(Imperial Rome) and His Version of Medea Classic 170
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by AngelicaDeMario on Thursday May 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Classic 170 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Renee Calkins in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.
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Date Created: 05/12/16
Seneca and Imperial Rome • In what genre did Ovid tell his version of Medea’s story? Epic • Where did Ovid attend “university,” so to speak? Athens • In what genre did Euripides compose his version of the story about Medea? Tragedy • What city is the dramatic setting for Euripides’ version of media’s story? Corinth Seneca • JulioClaudia Dynasty at Rome Augustus= 31 BCAD 14 Tiberius= AD 1437 Gaius= AD 3741 Claudius= AD 4154 Nero= AD 5468 • Seneca 4 BCAD 65 (born in Cordoba, Spain) AD 26 traveled to Egypt AD 31 began career in law courts AD 33 first public office AD 41 banished from Rome by Claudius AD 49 return to Rome, tutor of Nero AD 65 sentenced to death by Nero • Which poets had enjoyed empire patronage during the Augustan Age of Rome? Virgil and Horace The Emperor and the Arts in the PostAugustan Empire “For such is a crowd: avid for entertainment, and delighted if the emperor shares their tastes.” Tacitus, Annals, Grant (trans.) pg. 320 • ‘State sponsored’ poets under Augustus: Virgil and Horace • What is the name of the nation/society in the Hunger Games trilogy? Panem Medea’s Proem “You too, Proserpina,’ominous mistress, carried off like me but not abandoned, treacherously left.” Seneca, Medea 116 • Creon more developed • Invention of Acastus, son of Pelias • Choruses separate acts • Who abducted Proserpina? - Dis/Hades (Hades had remained faithful to Persephone unlike Jason with Medea) Fame of the Mature Witch “When tales of your life are told, men will, I hope, pair your divorce with your wedding in well-matched rivalry.” Seneca, Medea, 50-57 • Euripides: Jason grants her dosa (political fame for wisdom and cleverness) • Apollonius: Jason promises Medea kleos as the savior of the Greek heroes • Ovid: Medea claims fame as savior of Greek Heroes • Seneca: Medea claims fame for crimes • In Euripides’ Medea, who were the members of the chorus? - Corinthian women Saturnalia: was an occasion when social roles were superficially reversed (lower class able to treat upper class as equals) Seneca’s Medea • For which god is Medea a priestess (in all versions)? Hecate Hecate in Seneca “Hecate, star of night, I call you to my ritual. Come now, You have three faces you can threaten vengeance with; Put on your worst.” Seneca, Medea, 749750 • Hecate merged with: Diana/Artemis and Moon/Selene • fullfledged goddess of dark matter/black magic • Who buries Medea’s children in Euripides’ Medea? Medea The Children in Euripides “To this land of Sisyphus I bequeath a holy festival, a ritual to expiate in times to come this most holy slaughter.” Euripides, Medea, 13781388 • “precinct sacred to Hera of the rocky heights” = the Panhellenic Sanctuary of Hera at Perachora “Gather wood to build your sons a fire, build them a tomb, Jason.” …”Now you are here to watch” Seneca, Medea, 9981000 • What function does the chorus serve in Senecan tragedy? Their songs mark act divisions and elaborate on the broader philosophical themes of the play. Transgressing Natural Boundaries “Men lazily kept to their own shores, aged well in the poor fields their fathers filled before them.” “Rightly the laws of nature fenced the world off. But Argo tore down fences, made the world one.” Seneca, Medea, 327388 No Reward in Crossing Boundaries “Nature is holy; do not breach her sacred order with violence.” “Each man who roamed in that daring ship, the Argo…” “…each earned cold justice from the ocean’s hardships— extermination.” (Seneca, Medea, 605615) • How far did the Roman Empire stretch in Seneca’s time? - From Great Britain across France to Italy, from Greece across the Aegean to Egypt, Persia and the Black Sea Medea’s Spectacles “I’ve often seen her rage, claw does the sky, attack its deities; yet now Medea readies us for some huger spectacle, huger than these.” Seneca, Medea, 670-675 • In Euripides’ Medea, Medea had all the characteristics of what? - An epic hero like Odysseus Medea’s Inhuman Nature “What she turns over in her mind will be no ordinary deed; she will surpass her median of crime…” “Some enormity looms over us, some bestial act of inhumanity. I read upon her face the savage wish to have revenge. I hope to god I’m wrong.” Seneca, Medea, 392-396 Medea’s Madness “Anger and madness must not come to this! This is a hideous and unnatural act.” “Mind, you vacillate so much. Why do tears dampen your face, why does anger tear you one way now and love another?” Seneca, Medea, 925-937 • Which roman emperor did Seneca tutor? - Nero Medea: Spectacular Violence Personified “Ungrateful Jason, do you now know your wife? This is my sole, inevitable way of going into exile.” (gone into exile twice before) Seneca, Medea, 1021-end
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