SOC 271 Week 7 notes
SOC 271 Week 7 notes Soc 271A
Popular in Social deviance and social control
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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor McAvoy on Friday May 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 271A at University of Washington taught by April Fernandes in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 44 views. For similar materials see Social deviance and social control in Sociology at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 05/13/16
Week 7 Lecture 19 Monday, May 9, 2016 Love me love my doll continued Davecat prefers the consistency of his doll Mike knows dolls offer no companionship His girlfriend Jody finds out he has 8 dolls- she doesn’t have a problem with it because she knows that the dolls are only for sex and nothing else- he prefers Jody Jody ended the relationship a week later Where was the deviance/ why keep it hidden Social interaction problems Sex is normally with humans- adding an inanimate object is deviant to us Objectification and control- consent- real women have rights to say no No reproduction/procreation Not in a marriage relationship What does adding voice to a doll do? Still objectification Purchasing of the doll Too close to human but not there- uncanny valley- the idea that fake things are a little too real, starts to get too creepy Taking out imagination of the voiceless dolls Thoughts Neutralized deviance because we already see a lot of fetishes and strange things in the media For some, it was less about sex and more about companionship Hidden hobby Social interaction problems Could argue that they follow the norms of society because norms of companionship and love and they follow the line of romantic relationships with people Consistency of the relationship and no sense of rejection Control over looks, clothing and makeup Control memories and what it means to people Doll doctor- spending thousands of dollars on these dolls Dolls as pure- assumption that dolls are the first and real women are "tainted" if they had sex with someone else Women were too particular and found lots of rejection and blames women for the attraction to dolls Better to be with a doll than being alone Alone vs lonely- alone with the doll but not lonely- norm? No responsibility for someone else's pleasure STDs and pregnancy- free responsibility Male dominance of sexual deviance- showed males and female dolls- focuses on the more popular demand and assumptions about sexuality Male dolls not as big of a market Heterosexual sex Social construction of love/relationships Similarities to their sexual behaviors Bestiality Issues of control and consistency Fear of rejection Women as objects Being alone vs lonely Trajectory of a relationship No consent Sill and lasting beauty Insoles= real dolls Helping to correct a social deficit Things we think of as sexually deviant Necrophilia- dead body is sacred/religion - laws - consent- procreation Bestiality Rape Underage sex- age - consent Absence of sex - religion vs asexual and non-religion - procreation Laws against sexual behavior: Age restrictions Consent Indecent exposure Prostitution Frotteurism Sodomy Polygamy/ bigamy Incest Necrophilia Bestiality Certain justifications are more accepted- religion vs asexuality Group mentality and cultural norms Bestiality and zoophilia Bestiality The practice of sexual activity between humans and animals Zoophilia Love of animals/ preference for sexuality with animals 1% of population The act vs the identity (zoophile) 31 cases in 2010 (5 in WA state) Previous research sample issues- the assumption was that they were rural men who didn't have access or couldn’t find a human and were dumb and not understanding of sexuality Important distinction between terms (williams and Weinberg 2003; earls and lalumiere 2009) Behavior vs preference Sexual act vs love Bestiality is seen as deviant Animal abuse No consent Diseases Not a human A good example of sexual deviance because it has certain definitions that are ambiguous- laws against it- difference Zoo and bestiatlity Legal picture No federal control; only state level Illegal in 39 states, pending lefislation in 1 state Difficult to detect- similar to sodomy Comparative picture Belgium, Russia, Germany , Cambodia, Denmark, Finland, Hungary, Mexico, Japan, Philippines, Widen, and Thailand permit sexual activity with animals Porn often illegal but not always Washington state Banned in 2006 Enumclaw incident (2005) Kenneth Pinyan Movie Zoo (2007) Issue of consent Animal cruelty with sexual motivation When the definition is vague or ambiguous, we can't define and diagnose correctly Empirical research Earls and Lalumiere (2009) Hypothesis: Based on conclusions from earlier work (2002), the researchers set out to broaden their study and definitions of those who engage in zoophilia Methods: case report, n=1 Findings Despite earlier studies that found zoophiles to be uneducated, from rural areas and using sex with animals as a substitute for the human variety, earls and lalumiere found that zoophiles often have a preference for animals over humans Williams and Weinberg (2003) Hypothesis: looking at the identity label of "zoophile" Methods: 114 men; on-line questionnaires Findings Majority college-educated and employed 50% had strong sexual preference in humans 25% self-reported as heterosexual, 17% as gay and 58% as bisexual 29% predominately had sex with equines, 63% with dogs Bestiality: The debate The law and social control (Bierne 2001) Cruelty and social prohibition Singer 2001 The vehemence with which people react to bestiality suggests that there is another powerful force at work: our desire to differentiate ourselves, erotically and in every other way from animals The case of dolphins initiating sexual activity Zoosadists and distinction Malcolm Brenner: "there is no comparison between sexual abuse and a sexual relationship with a consenting animal Issues Definitions vary on sexual acts Link to Becker Subsumed under anti-cruelty laws- injury? Similar to other forms of fetishizes sexual behavior (Janus and Janus) Roy, 36 "humans use sex to manipulate and control. Humans have trouble accepting who you are… they want to change you. Animals do not judge you, they just love and enjoy the pleasures of sex without all the politics" (Williams and Weinberg) Similar with sex dolls, there's something more than the deviance of sexual act Zoophiles define their activities in terms of love for animals and consent from the animal and that animal abuse and rape is wrong The social construction of animals is very different in the US than other countries- animals were often for use and resources and the US has added pets and constructed animals into our social lives A lot of things that are on the list of sexual deviance are things that we are simply grossed out by them, not that they hurt anyone Week 7 Lecture 20 Wednesday, May 11, 2016 Crime and legality Formal social control White collar crime EX: The Wolf of Wall Street Scamming with penny stocks and creates a firm to teach people how to do it The dynamics of mugging Alone Dark Weapon Threatening confrontation Choice- give them money or get hurt Some incentive One occurrance Victim- person getting mugged Perpetrator- mugger One on one or few people How do we know what this is if it never happened to us? Indirect experience TV/ Movies We know more about the mechanics of muggings rather than financial scandals and white collar crime- Why? Demographics of those who perpetrate street crime and those in white collar crime Appearance of those committing News and media- exposure Simple street crime- don’t have to understand the complex mechanics Definite victim in street crime- hard to define in white collar crime Cartoons, movies, tv, the bad guy is always a street criminal White collar crime and status Perception of immediate violence street crime Incompetence in white collar crime- prosecution is difficult - hard to relate to the public and jury Its hard to identify the perpetrator in white collar White collar is long term Sutherland (1983) White collar crime Is it cirme Crime Behavior that is prhibitied by the state as an injur to the state and which the state reacts with punishment Antitrust laws: protection of free competition and institytion of democracy False advertising unfair competition and consumer protection National labor relations" protect employees against coercion and protect public from stikes and lockoyuts Infringements unfair competition an dprotecitng prograss of science and the arts Creative form of crime Conflict perspective: sense of power dynamics and status White collar crime Why less likely to be prosecuted? Why receive less punishment? Why less publicized? Is white collar crime different from street crime? How is white collar crime different from street crime? Civic vs criminal sanctions? How strong is stigma? Unorganized resentment Fraud: Insurance fraud Health care fraud Mortgage fraud Public benefits fraud Money Laundering Identity theft Disaster fraud Public corruption Scams: Pyramid schemes Price-fixing Adoption scams Medicare fraud Illegal pharmacies Staged automobile accidents Scams targeting the elderly Example for white collar crime: Ford Pinto 1970s If they got in an accident as low as 5 MPH they would explode, the gas tank was dangerously positioned Rushed in production and no time to fix structural problems with gas tank Kept producing Pintos and payed families Structural design flaw in gas tank Car erupted in fire after rear end collision Ford's cost benefit analysis Fix flaw and add to costs of car or absorb lawsuit costs from accidental deaths Mother hones 1977 estimated cost of repair per car $11 Controversy over true cost to human life and the structural deficiencies Who's being blamed and who is really at fault Crime The role of Incomplete definitions Visibility Structure of the system: how does the structure of the medical establishment foster deviance? corporations? Status Complexity of crime Complexity of responsibility Intention Harm Power Differential punishment sanction Corporate crime vs individual crime Why different Connection to theory Conflict: power and subjugation and control of those without Differential association: definitions for and against crime Labeling: status and its effects on perceptions and assesments Control: why do those with the ability and access to crime refrain? Liederbach (2000) Doctors and crime Which factors perpetuate criminal misdeed in the medical profession Link to the lobotomist regarding status How is this similar to white collar crime How is status conferred? Why doctors? Why others in the medical profession Is anyone else held to such standards What consequences does this have How do structural facors affect this relationship between patient and doctor How have these relationships changed? Home remedies Medical advancements Ubiquity of prescription medications Doctors Respected and valued Sanctioned Authority Knowledge and education Protect health Necessity Status protects them from labeling as deviant Deviance will occur where opportunities are found Link to Durkheim Issues of detection and enforcement Self-regulation Role of consequences Image is everything Healers Role of deference Kickbacks Fee-splitting Self-referrals Prescriptions Power in domination of ability Treatments Medicaid fraud Threat to autonomy Techniques of neutralization Week 7 Lecture 21 Friday, May 13, 2016 The Lobotomist How does status play into the case of Dr. Freeman? How is mental illness defined by Dr. Freeman? By others? How is Dr. Freeman viewed? Does this change? What was the role of the lobotomy? Did it change? Pay attention to: Social construction Systemic structural factors- does their influence change? Medical mental health system Perceptions of Dr. Freeman Relation to readings especially Liederbach Ellen Ienesco First patient to have a lobotomy from Dr. Freeman The patient was rendered unconscious by electric shock and severed the frontal lobe Daughter believes this greatly helped her mother Freeman was repelled and nausiated by the metal institutions and wanted to solve the problem fast Believed that physical distinctions in the brain were the problem 1930s began experimenting with shock therapy Medications that induced near death symptoms Wanted to be a great figure in the medical field because he believed he was destined Spent a long time in the morgue of mental patients But didn’t pan out Finally found an obscure monograph of a portugese surgeon and what he did with removing parts of the brain Had a crude idea of the frontal lobes with mental illness The idea was abhorrent for most doctors but Freeman wanted to attempt it \ Faced few obstacles, no patients, no other professionals, no government stood in his way There was no idea of informed consent on the mentally ill James Wats was his assistant 63 year old Alice Hammant for first patient 4 hours, Alice seemed to be cured The patients began to relapse from what looked like a cure and did second and sometimes third operations They began operating on conscious patients taking cues from their behavior during The patients are no longer agitated but usually demobilized and unable to be independent Not the same person after the surgery Meeting in Boston to announce the procedures and results Some were astonished and even outraged that he would test this procedure Promised the lobotomy would be a last resort Considered unethical to criticize another physician so they didn’t write any critical articles or tried to stop him Started getting a lot of media attention and popularity for the "cure" of mental illness Miracle surgery sells papers- not damaging the brain but taking away sickness from the brain Joseph Kennedy was concerned about Rosemary his eldest daughter She was able to live independently before the operation but after she was dependent on caretakers Overlooked this failure Concentrated on the things that showed he was on the right path and dismiss the causalities 1946 Bedlam Pennsylvania Ohio State Mental Hospitals that were exposed for their negligence with the return of war veterans Freeman looked for a version of the operation that would be more simple and less expensive The method that involved going up through the eyes James Wats found Freeman performing the new operation in his office and was asked to take a photo Felt that it should be performed in an operating room and performed seriously so he left Freeman's assistance Freeman performed his operations with press and audiences Obsessed with his need to shock people - used different hammers and switched hands Portable, quick, cheap, easy, outpatient service The number of lob soared 150 in 1945 to 1000 in 1949 Bula Jones was committed to Pilgrim state hospital by her husband and her husband agreed to a lobotomy One of 12 performed that day Her daughter remembered no change in her behavior except her intellect was reduced- delusional after as she was before - sent her to a ward with untreatable cases These wards and failure cases were ignored Lobotomy was treated as medical miracle By 1950s it changed from last resort to a procedure so common Didn’t ask for permission Three patients died under his operations and didn’t think about it
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