Anthropology Week 15
Anthropology Week 15 ANTH 3853 001
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ANTH 3853 001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauran Notetaker on Saturday May 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 3853 001 at University of Oklahoma taught by Dr. SeanO'Neill in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Music, Language, and Culture in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 05/14/16
April 25, 2016 Social and Political Action How to do things with words and other sounds Woody Guthrie “This machine kills fascists” on his guitar optimistic Joan Baez, Bob Dylan Injustices, Making differences Art as social critique Bob Dylan - Anti-war, Killing as Crime, Voice of Everyone Van Gogh pictures Percy’s Song: Crushing Power of Law Turning “Blind Eye” to the Wealthy Aesthetic Arrest, Emotional Depth Oratory: Martin Luther King, Jr. “We shall overcome” Inspiring Action Powerful message that changes the world Refrains Poetic Structure Musical, poetic quality Inspiring Action Civil Rights Movement 1960s Rhetoric: Persuasive Force Aristotle Conciliatory Message, emotional delivery Emotional Tone - Affect can overpower intellect (pathos) Poetic Speech Short, memorable statements not easily forgotten. Hyperbole, Personiﬁcation. Modern-Day Camelot “The Land and The King are One” Image/Persona Character (ethos) easily overrides message Faulty Logic Enthymeme, incomplete argument “Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable.” - George Orwell Double-Speak (Negative = Positive) “Right to work state” (=no leave for mothers) Acquiescence of the Masses Burning villages = “Paciﬁcation” “Elimination of Unreliable Elements” People imprisoned w/o trial, sent to die. Public outcry suppressed. Redemptive Ritual “Fixing the Earth” In NW California: World Renewal Ceremonies - Hupa Reversing Moral Transgressions Swearing, stealing, adultery, speaking the names of the dead, killing in an improper state Restores the world through atonement Place of Music (From the spirit world) Songs strike audience emotionally, reach heavens Shamanistic Songs Formula for healing the sick, undoing wrongful action. Masking Meaning: Bypassing Censorship Covert Political Messages Nationalist Song masquerades as love ballads Ex. The Wind That Shakes The Barley April 27, 2016 Tourism and Performance studies Human diversity on display and its political overtones “Whirled Music”? Spun and “Flung” far from home “The Tourist” - Maccannell Response to “Alienation” Search for meaning in the “exotic,” deeper sense of alienation at home Anti-Modernist Voyeurism Humanity in it’s “pre-modern, authentic, original” state Superﬁcial Understanding Tourist performance assumes little knowledge, builds little understanding Staged Authenticity Utopian Visions Countering “Alienation” Direct connection to “real” culture Ritual with “Imagined participation” Ex. Anadarko “Indian City” Ethnographic Allegory Antidote to modern problems Sexual liberation in Samoa? Contrast to sexually repressed world of Americans Intellectual Tourism? Detour to understanding modernist plight Exoticism Dehumanizing Romanticism = “Orientalism” (Edward said) alterity “Eroticized” Image of the “Gypsy” Common Targets (beyond “Orientalism”) Native Americans Roma Jews Irish Indigenous People Ex. Serbian Band, with 19th century Irish look - Orthodox Celts Primitivism Conspicuous Consumption - buy from another culture “Re-Framing” As Roots Music Framing for Consumption Rediscovering Lost Traditions Often Carried on in new lands, heavily modiﬁed “Roots” Music: Appalachian The Song Catcher (2000) Iris DeMent The Celtic Roots of Appalachian Music, ﬁnding its way into Country and Bluegrass. African Origins Corey Harris Ali Farka Toure “Tourism” Among Descendants Resistance Cultural Copyrights Ex. Navaho rugs made in India and Mexico “Sampling” Royalties or credits for artists? Commercial Setting “Buddha Bar” (France) Welsh origins? Flute solo based on “Kookaburra” (1932) Copyright own by Sony, written by teacher “Down Under” - Men at work Repatriating Local Music Hopi Music - going in full circle Modern copyrights framed in terms of ownership and money Traditional sense was collective Relationships in community