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Lecture 11

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Week 6 Lecture 11 Libertarianism
Ethics and Politics of Justice
Geoff Ward
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by bita.arabian on Sunday May 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Crm/Law C163 at University of California - Irvine taught by Geoff Ward in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Ethics and Politics of Justice in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of California - Irvine.

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Date Created: 05/15/16
C163 Week 6 Lecture 11 5/1 Libertarianism Libertarianism  Definition: free will Overview  Libertarianism and Individual Freedom o Normative ethical bases of this justice claim o Political considerations of this justice claim  Are we independent – should we become so? Freedom From State and Others  Liberty as a free market  The richest 1 percent of Americans possess over 1/3 f the country’s wealth  That is more than the combined wealth of the bottom 90%  Should the state intervene to balance the economic well-being? Is it fair or just?  Use welfare or social security or taxation of income  Libertarian view would say it is ethically wrong and we should not take from wealthy and give to poor Libertarianism says…  There is nothing unfair about economic inequality, provided it arises without force or fraud, through the choices people make in a market economy  Is economic inequality unjust? Two Libertarian Objections to wealth redistribution  Utilitarian argument o What consequentialist argument? o Undermines incentive to work hard (productivity) – what should I work hard if the government is going to take part of my income?  Deontological o What deontological argument? o One should not be subject to denied liberty and theft – to take form others which is theirs The “minimal state” vs. a broader Social Contract  No paternalism: allow people to decide what risks to assume, provided no third parties are harmed (the example of helmet laws)  No morals legislation: do not impose notions of virtue or other moral convictions of majorities (example of prostitution) Libertarianish  Liberals embrace personal freedom, but want legislated equality  Conservatives embrace economic freedom, but want legislated morality Provided Inequality arises without force or fraud What is force?  Coercion  Are “housewives” subject to coercion (as dependents), with economic benefits to their partners? What is Fraud?  Deception  Do deceptive practices related to housing, education, or employment contributes to economic inequality? White affirmative action  New deal polices during Jim Crow’s last hurrah in the 1930’s and 1940’s excluded or differentially treated the vast majority o African Americans, selectivity benefitting growth of white middle class  Social security act: excluding sectors where the vast majority of blacks were employed (ex: agriculture, domestic)  GI Bill: Which helped veterans obtain education, buy homes, start business, privileged white veterans in practice Do we own ourselves? Should we?  If I won my body, my life, and my person, I should be free to do whatever I want with them, provided I don’t harm others


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