New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

C163 Week 4 Notes

by: bita.arabian

C163 Week 4 Notes Crm/Law C163


Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Moral Development and Ethics of Care
Ethics and Politics of Justice
Geoff Ward
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Ethics and Politics of Justice

Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by bita.arabian on Sunday May 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Crm/Law C163 at University of California - Irvine taught by Geoff Ward in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Ethics and Politics of Justice in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of California - Irvine.

Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice


Reviews for C163 Week 4 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 05/15/16
C163 Week 4 Lecture 8 Moral Development & Ethics of Care How do we become moral?  Kohlberg’s stages of Moral development   Lawrence Kohlberg’s Universal Stages   His argument: o Moral development proceeds gradually, through stages, in a process  linked to the development of cognitive skills or intellectual faculties o Why? Because morality is tied to thinking and reasoning (ex: practical  wisdom; utilitarianism, etc.), not affect or emotion o Kohlberg’s “universal” stages of moral development are held to be  sequential and irreversible. Their “conventional” nature relates to how  common they are believe to be in the mature adult population  Level & Stages of Moral Development  Level 1 ­­ Preconventional Morality: emphasis on egoism and self­interest o Stage One: Punishment & Obedience o Stage Two: Instrumental Purpose & Exchange (right action and moral  consideration)   Level Two ­­ Conventional Morality: emphasis on society, care, and conformity o Stage Three: Interpersonal expectations and conformity o Stage Four: Law and Order/Society System Maintenance   Level Three ­­ Post conventional Morality: emphasis on abstract, universal  principles o Stage Five: Social contract/utility/rights o Stage Six: Universal ethical principles  Ethics of Care: A Feminist Insight The Feminist Critique of Ethical Theory   Revisiting Kohlberg’s evidence: Jake and Amy on stealing drugs  Does the absence of women’s voices in moral philosophy distort classical and  traditional ethical theory   Feminist scholars criticize moral philosophy for: o Assuming the isolated individual, independent and separate from  everyone else o Constructing the objective of moral philosophy as theorizing how  individuals ought to treat each others o Relying on contract theories to enter individuals into moral relationships  o Emphasizing impartiality and universality in their ethical theories  Jack and Amy on Drug Stealing  These two children, both 1 years old, and in the same sixth grade class at  school, participated in a study to determine whether sex roles influence the  measuring of human moral development  Jack & Amy: Valuing Rules vs. Relationships  Jake was clear that Heinz’ moral duty was to steal the drug. With unswerving  logic, he constructed the dilemma as a conflict between two principles; the right  to property and the right to life  Where moral principles conflict, Jake argued, there is a hierarchy of values which one must apply. Life is a higher value than property, so Heinz must steal  He was quite certain that, under the circumstances, Heinz would steal, and he  suggested he should receive the least possible punishment   Amy on the other hand, felt that theft was not the answer. She was concerned  that if Heinz were caught and went to jail, his wife would be even worse off. She  constructed the dilemma as one of misunderstanding. The druggist could not  have understood the situation  Amy was certain there was another solution to the problem  In a Different Voice: Gender and Morality  Male Moral development: Boys and Men tend to… o See moral life in terms of justice and rights o See treating everyone fairly and impartially as a moral standard o Try to resolve issues by applying formal/abstract rules fairly o Make moral decisions concerned with:  Individual rights and autonomy  Noninterference and impartiality  Application of rights and rules to abstract hypothetical dilemmas  Categorical Rules o Ask: Have the rules been properly followed and applied?  Female Moral Development: Girls and women tend to… o See moral life in terms of care and responsibility o See care as a moral imperative o Try to resolve issues by seeking solutions that maintain relationships o Make Moral decisions concerned with:  Maintaining relationships  Acknowledging interdependence  Expressing empathy and compassion  Contextual consideration (“it depends”) o Ask: Have relationships been maintained or were people hurt? Carol Gilligan: De­Centering Man  On these and other experiments Gilligan noted that girl’s and women’s  responses did not coincide with Kohlberg’s moral stages (of which women could  only achieve the second level b/c they are focused on caring for others)  Gilligan contends that Jake’s responses could be located at a higher moral level  only on the assumption that an ethic of abstract principle is superior to an ethic  that stressed caring and personal relationships  There are typical differences in male and female thinking on moral issues, but  this difference should not be expressed in terms of deficiency on the part of  women  The Ethic of Care ­ Explained  An ethic of care conceives moral life as a network of relationships with particular  persons, and it sees living well as caring (beyond duty) for those people within  those relationships o Women seek a detailed knowledge of a particular situation and to resolve  dilemmas by reference to the relationships involved o An ethic of care expresses certain sensitivities and attitudes towards  others than can be promoted as good ways to act and live in particular  situations (it does not establish??)


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.