Juvenile Gangs Week 5 Lecture 9
Juvenile Gangs Week 5 Lecture 9
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by bita.arabian on Sunday May 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at University of California - Irvine taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 05/15/16
Juvenile Gangs Week 5 Lecture 9 Lords of South County o Gang that beat up people in gas station o Beaten and kicked repeatedly o Gang in OC o White gang o Parent’s make a lot of money o Teenagers threaten kids at their high school o Arrested and end up in prison for months or years o Taking drugs and steroids o Parent thought it was the court’s duty to do something about the drug issue within the Lords gang instead of putting them in prison o Mr. Katz said community did nothing about the drugs. But should they do? Isn’t it the father’s responsibility? o Reputation for intimidation o Lords go looking for fights o 30-40 lord gangs in OC o Get away with their actions because they are white, rich kids Where does parent’s liabilities end? Kids join gangs around 15, except generational gangs Join at 15 because instinctive drives and puberty starts Gangs can come from anywhere: any socioeconomic background and any location Individual, family, peers, school, neighborhood factors into gang membership Individual Risk Factors Low religious service attendance Early marijuana use Early violence Antisocial beliefs Early drinking Externalized behaviors Poor refusal skills More risk factors higher chance of joining a gang Primary source of money for street gangs is selling drugs Party Crew What stages of Brain development does party crews occur? Are Party Crews a street gang? Party crews are classic definition of street gang; operate on streets and have gang behavior These risk factors that were identified specifically increase the likelihood of gang membership and are considered by many criminal justice professionals a the primary risk factors that can be used to predict gang membership Party Crew = of people who have a philosophy of joining a party group as an alternative to street gangs 300 party crews in LA Increase the peace, decrease violence Partying as a safe way without violence Competition with party crews to see who can throw the biggest parties with the best music and best crowd Competition for recognition Poverty Being raised poor has been found to contribute to a greater likelihood of involvement in crime and violence Research suggests: youth minority status and poverty increase the likelihood of being violently victimized and being a victimizer Violence Most of the time it is unpredictable The result of a chance and random encounter Gang violence often involves the use of a gun (92% related murders) Victims of Gun violence 17 years old male experience trauma or problem of development for rest of life At the direction of a “shot caller” Shot caller leads a gang Shot caller is the most violent Violence can be used to gain respect and membership in a street gang Anaheim Vermont street – murder at liquor store with teenagers 17 or younger, stage five brain development The risk youth population is a really small percentage of the general population High risk for joining gangs if these factors are present Strategies to stop Gangs Suppression Models Intervention – tools for kids so they can learn how to say no and how to deal with their problems Prevention Best strategies Collaborative School based Gender sensitive (females process information differently than males do) Age specific (kids at different ages think differently) Culturally sensitive Focused between 2-8pm (majority of juvenile crimes happen after school when no kids are around Involved EVERYONE Protective/Safe Factors Same as risk factors Individual, family structure, school, peer, neighborhood Program Success Program success is based on relationships people have in the program All you need is one Touch the life of one person Seattle Study Youth joined gangs as a result of antisocial influences in neighborhoods, antisocial tendencies in families and peers, failure to perform well in school and early initiation of individuals problem behaviors Gang membership also appears to be symptomatic of dysfunctional familial, social and individual conditions
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