Juvenile Gangs Lecture 4
Juvenile Gangs Lecture 4 Soc Sci 164D
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by drinksomedrpepper on Sunday May 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc Sci 164D at University of California - Irvine taught by Professor Valadez in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.
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Date Created: 05/15/16
Juvenile Gangs Week 2 Lecture 3 Juveniles and Brain Maturation The brain What is it and does it change when we grow up? Most complicated organ in the world is the brain Maturation process Legally one is an adult, but is that ”adult” mature? When one is 18, you are punished as an adult and trialed as an adult 18 is a legal definition Stage One of Brain Development Birth to around 3 years old Color, sound, light, texture, and taste They explore the world and know they have a family They do not know differences between safe and dangerous situations Bonding with parents is important stage Stage Two 2 to 5 year old Identify objects and people like mommy and daddy… important people grandma and grandma Develop a sense of family Observe everything Startle reflex Stage Three 90% of the size of their brain Born with a temperament Adult personality around 9-10 years old 4 to 10 years of age Children have begun to understand order Sort objects and people out Start to figure out importance of purpose and life Know difference between right vs. wrong Difference between life and death Stage Four 7 to 14 years of age 13 – 15 years of age = puberty Start of physical maturity Start of psychological maturity Start to understand the big scheme of things Define character and personality Teenager stage Mellow with age and things don’t bother you as much anymore Stage five Poverty, not having good relationship, putting things in your body 12 to 24 years of age Understanding spirituality Develop personality Understanding beyond self Develop social identity High school years Sexual maturity th Maturation is a process 5 stage Human brain Trillion nerve cells Shaped like a walnut, touch it and it feels like tofu Quarter inch between brain and top part of skull Physical shock at back of brain if tackled Frontal lobe is important and business manager decision maker of the mind During stage five, frontal lobe structure changes drastically Brain during stage 5, brain gets hardware and software update Parietal and cerebellum work together Use left side of the brain more than other other part Left side is more active Stress hormones come from Area 4 on the females brain is connected differently than males left side Men and women process information differently Damage to area 4 on the left side influences ability to play instrument Protein covering – myline = helps with conductivity with impulse nerves Myline breaks down with Alzheimer’s Whole brain changes shape through stages and through age Software Brain development can be influenced by poverty, dysfunctional family life and exposure to violence Illness and mental health disease Mental health disease and addiction/drug addiction are brain diseases which causes brain chemistry to be messed up The brain on the right lacks … and will have brain problems, will grow into an adult who is less intelligent, unemployed ….??? Influenced by the way they were treated by their mothers = difference in brain of 3 year olds