Juvenile Gangs Soc Sci 164D
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by drinksomedrpepper on Sunday May 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc Sci 164D at University of California - Irvine taught by Professor Valadez in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views.
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Date Created: 05/15/16
Juvenile Gangs Week 4 Lecture 8 Can’t replace attention Children won’t remember most presents parents buy them, but they will always remember the presence parents give them These were lonely children, unempowered, angry, and aggressive from years of disregard and neglect… and angry, ignored children have ways of getting revenge and attention from the adult world through outrageous behavior Negative attention is still attention Unvalued kids Rage towards others Grab and take – no social skills Limited empathy and can’t share Self damage (girls) Fighting (boys) No sense of future, can’t set goals No self-confidence or self-worth Limited focus on school work when survival and safety concerns are overwhelming Need to reprogram brain to be able to survive and get through rough childhood Child without a parent leader is intensely vulnerable to the attention and persuasion of predatory peers and adults Key to solve gang problems is to see what parents do to kids and how they are treated Fatherlessness is becoming the defining characteristic of American Childhood Over 73% of African American births are to single women Fatherlessness has now eclipsed the 50% mark for all races combined Male presence is important California Youth (don’t need to know numbers) About 9% of California children (856,000) have a parent in the adult criminal justice system 195,000 in state prison 97,000 in jail 564,000 on probation or parole 12,000 homeless children Gangs are Families Too Things families provide if the family can’t: o Strong fathers, or consistent male role models can have good effect on kids when the brain is developing (male leaders are mentioned by kids when they need help or are in need) o Household structure, order, routine, security, safety o Discipline, accountability, consequences o Values/morals/ethics training (programming kids get during brain development) If families don’t, gangs provide Basic supervision – “We got your back man” Educational standards for achievement Adult males to teach boys how to handle aggression, anger, frustration affection attention, and concern According to many criminologist #1 predictor of juvenile failure and crime – weak, dysfunctional parents How parents treat kids is how kids will grow up to be Dysfunctional family dysfunctional kids Narcissism Exaggerated sense of self-importance Fantasies of personal success Exhibitionism, need for constant attention Criticism brings rage, humiliation or emptiness o Become violent to hide their fear Lack of empathy for others Sense of entitlement Exploitation of personal relationships Avoidance of all kinds of accountability Need to treat causes rather than symptoms But we treat symptoms by putting people in jail The gang culture is passed down by parents and family (generational gangs) Kids do not have choice; they grow up and think this is normal behavior Now seeing 3 and 4 generation Hispanic gang members Put on wrong path from birth so you do not get to choose your path See generational gangs in every category of race (Asian, black, Hispanic, white) Kids mimic everything their parents do Children understand more than you think? When we speak, 90% of our communication comes from body languageUs They understand nonverbal communication Kids understand body language (looks, stance, eye contact, tone of voice) Especially when they grow up violent and poor neighborhoods without strong families, youth develop of sense of having to be hard to survive Use gang behavior in order to survive Violence Generational Gangs Family tradition Father to son, mother to daughter, brother to brother Poverty is higher higher chance of joining gangs Why do we have generational gangs? Parents can be powerful mentors and teachers Children tend to mimic parental behaviors Children see, children do School Poor brain development and poor guidance disabled learning so they do not do well academically Learning disabled Low academic achievement Low school attachment Low school commitment Low academic aspirations Cannot afford to go to school when poor because they are worried about safety when they are in gangs so they form tunnel vision In 1950 and 1960, problems in school included chewing gum, talking, not putting trash in waste basket, and talking in line Today students are concerned with gangs, murder, rape, drugs, extortion, sex Media is a tool to get people to get scared, its propaganda, it creates stereotypes about specific groups Schools population depends on geographic location and cannot stop violence if in low poverty area Many educators fear retaliation or fights between rival gangs may creep onto campuses and affect students School Stats 81% school deaths were homicides, remainder suicides or accidents 77% of the school deaths caused by firearm 17% of the school deaths caused by a knife 51% of the murder victims were African American non Hispanic 1/3 blacks have arrest record and are poorest race in country and highest single parent 50$ of the perpetrators were African-American, non-Hispanic 3% of the school victims and 96% of the offenders were males 9-12 graders (high schoolers) 12% report being in a fight (16% male 7.8% females) 5.9% did not go to school one or more days in the 30 days prior to the survey because they felt unsafe at school and or on the way to or from school Hard to learn and concentrate at school if you are worried about safety 5.4% carried a weapon (gun, knife, or club) on school property one or more days in the 30 days prior to survey; carry weapons because they are afraid 7.4% reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property (bullied 1 in 5 report being bullied on school and 16% reported being bullied electronically (frats and greek life and pledges from hazing) Gangs members can come from any walk of life from any social- economic background, from any type of family, anywhere in community; no one is immune Peer Group Association with friends who engage in problem behaviors; group behavior during puberty and want to belong in a gang (age 14- 15)
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