Chem 110, Week 7 Notes
Chem 110, Week 7 Notes CHEM 110
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by BritneyMoore on Tuesday May 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 110 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Dr. Hoda Mirafzal in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Chemical Principles I in Chemistry at California State Polytechnic University.
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Date Created: 05/17/16
Tuesday 5/10/2016 ▯ Form ▯ E3 ▯ Molecular ▯ Gives the # ulas ▯ Formula of atoms ▯ Ca ▯ rb ▯ on ▯ ▯ ;;;;;;;;;C4H18 ▯ ▯ Structural ▯ Shows how Formula atoms connect. 2D projection. ▯ CH3CH2CH2 ▯ Condensed ▯ Shows how CH3 Molecular Formula atoms connect. Condensed ▯ Line Formula ▯ Graphical depiction of carbon ▯ chains. H atoms are implied. will NEVER have lone pairs. Always 4 bonds. ▯ Isomers Same molecular formula but different structural form Same number and types of atoms Different arrangement of the atoms o Ex: C4H10 ▯ Alkanes Made up of H and C atoms ONLY Contain single bonds 4 bonds for every carbon atom Nonpolar Ends in “-ane” ▯ Reactions of Alkanes Combustion San Bruno gas pipeline Alkane + O 2 CO 2 + H 2 O + heat Memorize combustion products ▯ Branched Alkanes Methyl Groups (CH 3) ▯ Saturated Compounds Single bonds Alkanes Max number of atoms attached to each carbon atom Saturated with hydrogen atoms ▯ Unsaturated Compounds Double bonds Triples bonds Fewer H atoms attached to each carbon than a saturated compound Making double or triple bonds, decreases the number of H atoms Alkenes Alkynes ▯ Alkenes Carbon-to-carbon double bonds Name ends in “-ene” Made up of H and C atoms ONLY ▯ Alkynes Carbon-to-carbon triple bonds Name ends in “-yne” Made up of H and C atoms ONLY ▯ Geometric Isomers Carbons cannot rotate around a double bond Cis= same side Trans= opposite side Same structural Isomers ▯ Hydrogenation Reaction (alkenes and alkynes) Adds an H atom to each carbon atom of a double bonds ▯ Aromatic Compounds Contain benzene, C6H6 Common in nature and pharmaceuticals ▯ ▯
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