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Chem 110, Week 7 Notes

by: BritneyMoore

Chem 110, Week 7 Notes CHEM 110

CSU Pomona

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About this Document

These notes discuss molecular, structural, condensed molecular, and line formulas. Additionally, these notes cover alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and saturated vs. unsaturated compounds,
Chemical Principles I
Dr. Hoda Mirafzal
Class Notes
General Chemistry
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by BritneyMoore on Tuesday May 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 110 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Dr. Hoda Mirafzal in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Chemical Principles I in Chemistry at California State Polytechnic University.


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Date Created: 05/17/16
Tuesday 5/10/2016 ▯ Form ▯ E3 ▯ Molecular ▯ Gives the # ulas ▯ Formula of atoms ▯  Ca ▯ rb ▯ on ▯ ▯ ;;;;;;;;;C4H18 ▯ ▯ Structural ▯ Shows how Formula atoms connect. 2D projection. ▯ CH3CH2CH2 ▯ Condensed ▯ Shows how CH3 Molecular Formula atoms connect. Condensed ▯ Line Formula ▯ Graphical depiction of carbon ▯ chains. H atoms are implied. will NEVER have lone pairs. Always 4 bonds. ▯ Isomers  Same molecular formula but different structural form  Same number and types of atoms  Different arrangement of the atoms o Ex: C4H10  ▯ Alkanes  Made up of H and C atoms ONLY  Contain single bonds  4 bonds for every carbon atom  Nonpolar  Ends in “-ane” ▯ Reactions of Alkanes  Combustion  San Bruno gas pipeline  Alkane + O 2  CO 2 + H 2 O + heat  Memorize combustion products ▯ Branched Alkanes  Methyl Groups (CH 3)  ▯ Saturated Compounds  Single bonds  Alkanes  Max number of atoms attached to each carbon atom  Saturated with hydrogen atoms ▯ Unsaturated Compounds  Double bonds  Triples bonds  Fewer H atoms attached to each carbon than a saturated compound  Making double or triple bonds, decreases the number of H atoms  Alkenes  Alkynes ▯ Alkenes  Carbon-to-carbon double bonds  Name ends in “-ene”  Made up of H and C atoms ONLY ▯ Alkynes  Carbon-to-carbon triple bonds  Name ends in “-yne”  Made up of H and C atoms ONLY ▯ Geometric Isomers  Carbons cannot rotate around a double bond  Cis= same side  Trans= opposite side  Same structural Isomers  ▯ Hydrogenation Reaction (alkenes and alkynes)  Adds an H atom to each carbon atom of a double bonds  ▯ Aromatic Compounds  Contain benzene, C6H6   Common in nature and pharmaceuticals ▯ ▯


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