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ENG 112 Notes (Week 1, 5/18)

by: Meagan Notetaker

ENG 112 Notes (Week 1, 5/18) ENG 112

Meagan Notetaker

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About this Document

Subcultures: Information about subcultures to help write a sociological research paper.
Writing/Research in the Disciplines
Jennifer Broome
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meagan Notetaker on Thursday May 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENG 112 at Durham Technical Community College taught by Jennifer Broome in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Writing/Research in the Disciplines in Foreign Language at Durham Technical Community College.


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Date Created: 05/19/16
5/18/16 Sociology: Subcultures Subculture­ group of people whose members share beliefs, rituals, actions, values, and  cultural production that are distinct from or in opposition to the larger or dominant  culture → Subcultures can be… ● Voluntary or involuntary ● Ascriptional or disclaimed ○ Ascriptional­proud to be a part of ○ Disclaimed­ disassociated from ● Professional or personal ● Religious or secular ○ Religious­specific ideas about creation & afterlife ○ Secular­ unconcerned w/ reasons for existence or being ● Prosocial or antisocial → Voluntary vs. Involuntary ● Voluntary­ members choose to belong, usually with specific entry  requirements ○ Ex: religious requirements; clothing, public confession of  faith, dietary restrictions, etc ● Involuntary­ membership is due to birth circumstances or genetic,  phenotypic, cultural, historical, or linguistic characteristics ○ Ex: refugee camp residents, natural redheads, Afro­Cubans,  sickle­cell anemia carriers, Sephardic Jews → Types of voluntary subcultures include… 1. Youth Subcultures­comprised of young adults and teenagers (street  gangs, rock n’ roll) 2. Oppositional­explicitly reject values & practices of the dominant culture  (Amish, Nuns) 3. Microculture­ geographically specific groups 4. Cyberculture­ centered around specific type of internet­based technology  (Apple addicts, Buzzfeed community) → Defining Facts of a Voluntary Subculture 1. Outward a. Clothing b. Hairstyles c. Body modifications d. Gestures e. Movement f. Totems 2. Association w/ Geographic Territory a. The hood b. The clubhouse c. The nunnery *volitional families/kinship networks* *rejection of wider cultural beliefs in favor of the subculture* → Voluntary Ascriptive Oppositional Youth ● Must choose to join ● Adopt group beliefs & values ● Beliefs differ markedly from the dominant culture ● Most members join in adolescense *oppositional does NOT mean antisocial* Ex: A bike gang the smuggles drugs is oppositional antisocial. A bike gang that collects toys for needy kids is oppositional prosocial. 5/18/16 Doing Research → Sources 1. Primary­ from the original source or time period 2. Secondary­ written after the fact, by an outside person (researcher) → Factors to consider when choosing relevant sources 1. Title 2. Author 3. Abstract *research is more accurate the more recently it was done* *scholarly journals are preferred research sources*  → Boolean Operators in Advanced Search Engines 1. Or­ generalizes the search 2. And­ narrows the search 3. Not­ specifies the search 5/18/16 Plagiarism → Avoiding Plagiarism 1. Rational Man on The Street Test­ “do I need to cite this?” a. If they can answer correctly, you do not need a citation  because the information is generalize knowledge (ex: “Is the Earth  round?”) 2. Citation type (APA) a. Reference citations­ all citations on the last page (works  cited) b. In­text­ last name followed by year  (use for summary or  paraphrase) c. Quote citation­ last name and year and page number


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