ENG 112 Notes (Week 1, 5/18)
ENG 112 Notes (Week 1, 5/18) ENG 112
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meagan Notetaker on Thursday May 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENG 112 at Durham Technical Community College taught by Jennifer Broome in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Writing/Research in the Disciplines in Foreign Language at Durham Technical Community College.
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Date Created: 05/19/16
5/18/16 Sociology: Subcultures Subculture group of people whose members share beliefs, rituals, actions, values, and cultural production that are distinct from or in opposition to the larger or dominant culture → Subcultures can be… ● Voluntary or involuntary ● Ascriptional or disclaimed ○ Ascriptionalproud to be a part of ○ Disclaimed disassociated from ● Professional or personal ● Religious or secular ○ Religiousspecific ideas about creation & afterlife ○ Secular unconcerned w/ reasons for existence or being ● Prosocial or antisocial → Voluntary vs. Involuntary ● Voluntary members choose to belong, usually with specific entry requirements ○ Ex: religious requirements; clothing, public confession of faith, dietary restrictions, etc ● Involuntary membership is due to birth circumstances or genetic, phenotypic, cultural, historical, or linguistic characteristics ○ Ex: refugee camp residents, natural redheads, AfroCubans, sicklecell anemia carriers, Sephardic Jews → Types of voluntary subcultures include… 1. Youth Subculturescomprised of young adults and teenagers (street gangs, rock n’ roll) 2. Oppositionalexplicitly reject values & practices of the dominant culture (Amish, Nuns) 3. Microculture geographically specific groups 4. Cyberculture centered around specific type of internetbased technology (Apple addicts, Buzzfeed community) → Defining Facts of a Voluntary Subculture 1. Outward a. Clothing b. Hairstyles c. Body modifications d. Gestures e. Movement f. Totems 2. Association w/ Geographic Territory a. The hood b. The clubhouse c. The nunnery *volitional families/kinship networks* *rejection of wider cultural beliefs in favor of the subculture* → Voluntary Ascriptive Oppositional Youth ● Must choose to join ● Adopt group beliefs & values ● Beliefs differ markedly from the dominant culture ● Most members join in adolescense *oppositional does NOT mean antisocial* Ex: A bike gang the smuggles drugs is oppositional antisocial. A bike gang that collects toys for needy kids is oppositional prosocial. 5/18/16 Doing Research → Sources 1. Primary from the original source or time period 2. Secondary written after the fact, by an outside person (researcher) → Factors to consider when choosing relevant sources 1. Title 2. Author 3. Abstract *research is more accurate the more recently it was done* *scholarly journals are preferred research sources* → Boolean Operators in Advanced Search Engines 1. Or generalizes the search 2. And narrows the search 3. Not specifies the search 5/18/16 Plagiarism → Avoiding Plagiarism 1. Rational Man on The Street Test “do I need to cite this?” a. If they can answer correctly, you do not need a citation because the information is generalize knowledge (ex: “Is the Earth round?”) 2. Citation type (APA) a. Reference citations all citations on the last page (works cited) b. Intext last name followed by year (use for summary or paraphrase) c. Quote citation last name and year and page number
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