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by: Rachel Donahoo
Rachel Donahoo

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About this Document

Music notes
Foundations of Humanities
Christopher Williams
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Donahoo on Thursday May 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FDHUM110 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Christopher Williams in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Humanities in Humanities at Brigham Young University - Idaho.


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Date Created: 05/19/16
Humanities 5.19.2016 Music can evoke emotions like nothing else. Timber (pronounced “tamber”)  The characteristic quality of sound produced by an instrument or voice Quality of sound influenced by: o Instrument’s materials o Size and shape of instrument o Way in which instrument is used Tempo: speed at which a piece of music is played  What determines “fast” and “slow”?   “Normal” speed: 80­90 which is a normal heartbeat  o Ritardando means to go slower o Accelerando means go faster Dynamics: sound intensity of music (its loudness or softness) Harmony: sounding of two or more notes/voices together Monophony­ “one sound;” single melodic line sung solo/unison  Polyphony: “many­voiced;” two or more melodic lines voices simultaneously Homophony: “same sound;” single melodic line supported by chords or harmony  *What type of harmony are most modern pops songs in? ­Homophony! The hymns are all homophony. The sopranos “carry” the song. Rhythm:  BEAT!  Silence:   Silence can, at times, produce greater feelings than sound! Forms­ Types of musical pieces:   Canon   Toccata and Fugue   Concerto  Sonata  Symphony  How you organize a piece:  AB­Binary  ABA­Ternary  Sonata Form  Theme and Variation  Rondo Classical Music (1750­1830) o Focus on form with balance and symmetry  A B A format  A­First section: introduce musical themes B­Contrasting section: what can I do with the themes? A­Repetition of First Section: repeat those themes  Oratorio is kind of like an Opera.  An opera or symphony or mass are considered compositions. Beethoven wrote 600  compositions. Symphony  Four movements First­Fast (allegro) Second­ Slow (adagio, andante, or similar tempo) Third­ Moderately Fast (allegretto or menuetto)  First Movement of a piece: Exposition is where you “expose” the subject o First theme o Bridge o Second Theme o Closing Section o Exposition is repeated  Development is like the “climax”­Playing around with the themes and makes it more interesting Recapitulation is where you repeat the exposition o First theme o Bridge  o Second Theme o Closing Section Coda finishes off the piece 


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