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Spanish 101 Week One Notes

by: Brieanna Phipps

Spanish 101 Week One Notes 101

Brieanna Phipps
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About this Document

These notes covered what we went over during the first week of classes.
Spanish 101
Tanesha K Parker
Class Notes




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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brieanna Phipps on Thursday May 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 101 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Tanesha K Parker in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Spanish 101 in Spanish at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.


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Date Created: 05/19/16
5/16/2016 Alphabet and pronunciation A (ah) B (beh) C (seh) CH (cheh) D (deh) E (ay) F (effeh) G (heh) H (atcheh) I (ee) J (hota) K (kah) L (eleh) M (emeh) N (eneh) Ñ (enyeh) O (oh) P (peh) Q (coo) R (ereh) RR (erreh) S (eseh) T (the) U (oo) V (ooveh) W (ooveh-dobleh) X (eh-kis) Y (ee-greeyega) Z (sehta) Small Tidbits Questions start with an upside down question mark Intonation goes UP when asking a question Enthusiasm with exclamation points Grammar Tidbits Double ll sounds like the letter y The letter H is silent  ex) Hola With letters T and D put your tongue to the top of your front teeth creating a hard sound Definitions Yo me llamo  I am Se escribe  write (spell out) Tu  your Tú  you Mi  mine ¿Y tú?  and you? Sentences ¿Como se llamas tú? / ¿Como se llamas?  How do you call yourself? (What is your name?) Saludos ¡Hola! ¡Buenos días!  Hello! Good morning! Buenas tardes  Good afternoon Buenas noches  Good night Despedidas ¡Adiós!  Goodbye! Hasta mañana  See you tomorrow Hasta luego/ Hasta la vista/ Nos vemos  See you later 5/17/16 Definitions Gracias  Thank you Te presento a…  meet…. Ex) Roberto, te presento a Teresa El nombre  first name El apellido  last name Sentences ¿Cómo te llamas (tú)?  What is your name (INFORMAL) ¿Cómo se llama (Ud./Usted)?  What is your name (FORMAL) **How to pronounce a letter when spelling it (se escribe) with an accent, you say “con accento” after the letter.** Ex) Se escribe Raúl R-A-U con accento- L 5/18/16 Definitions Mi nombre es/ yo me llamo/ yo soy/ soy  My name is… El gusto mio  the pleasure is mine El gusto es mio/ Mucho gusto/ Es un placer  Nice to meet you Igualmente/ Igual  Same here **Encantado(a)  pleased to meet you it is the SPEAKER’S gender that determines which gender to use** Saludos a  say hello to Grammar Tú  informal you Usted (Ud.)  formal you Don (sir) & Doña (madam) are used in front of a person’s FIRST NAME Ex) Mrs. Jackie  Doña Jackie El señor & La señiorita are used in front of a person’s LAST NAME Ex) Mr. Phipps  El señor Phipps Lo siento  sorry to hear that Mal  bad Use informal grammar with your family, friends and others that you know Use formal grammar with older adults, professionals, and others that you do not know Sentences ¿Cuántos años tienes?  How many years do you have? -In Spanish, you are not a number (ex. 21), so it is not how old are you Tengo veinte años.  I have 20 years ¿Cuando es tu cumpleaños?  When is your birthday? th Mi cumpleaños es el siete de octubre.  My birthday is on the 7 of October. ¿De dónde es el?  Where is he from? ¿De dónde es ella?  where is she from? Él es de…  He is from Ella es de… She is from Birthdays ¿Cuando es tú cumpleaños?  When is your birthday? (informal) ¿Cuando es su cumpleaños?  When is your birthday? (formal) Los meses (the months) enero  January febrero  February marzo  march abril  April mayo  May junio June julio  July agosto  August septiembre  September octubre  October noviembre November diciembre  December **Do NOT capitalize the first letter of the month** Numbers 1  primero (only on the first of the month)/ uno 2  dos 3 tres 4 cuatro 5 cinco 6 séis 7 siete 8 ocho 9nueve 10 diez 11 once 12 doce 13 trece 14 catorce 15 quince 16 dieciséis 17 diecisiete 18 dieciocho 19 diecinueve 20 veinte 21 veintiuno 22 veintidos 23 veintitres 24 veintecuatro 25 veintocinco 26 veintiséis 27 veintisiete 28 veintiocho 29veintinueve 30 trienta 31 trienta y uno Time ¿Que hora es?  What hour is it? Son las  It is…. Es la una  it is one o’clock -hora is a feminine noun which is why it’s una Use “y” to combine hours and minutes 0-30 ex) 2:20  son las dos y veinte Y cuarto (quarter  15 mins) Ex) 5:15  son las cinco y cuarto Y media (half  30 mins) Ex) 4:30  son las cuatro y media p.m.  tarde (afternoon) noches (evening) a.m.  mañanas on the dot  en punto midday (noon)  mediadía midnight  medianoche Use “menos” (subtract) with minutes above 30 -go up to the next hour and subtract ex) 9:40  son las diez menos veinte Son las is used  right now A las is used  it is at (the time when something takes place) Ex) la clase de español es los junos, martes, miércoles, y jueves a las diez y cuarto de la mañana Es las for 12s and 1s Ex) es las medianoche or es las mediadía Ex) es las una Examples 1. 5:30 pm  son las cinco y media de la noches 2. 6:15 am  son las séis y cuarto de la mañana 3. 8:40 pm  son las nueve menos veinte de la noches 4. 12:00 am  es medianoche or son las doce en la mañana 5. 9:45 am  son las diez menos cuarto de la mañana 6. 1:25 pm  es la una y veintecinco de la tarde 5/19/16 Days and Dates ¿Que día es hoy?  what day is it today? Hoy es…  today is Mañana es…  tomorrow is Hay  there is/there are -pronounced like “eye” ¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy?  What is today’s date? Hoy es jueves el diecinueve de mayo de dos mil dieciseis -mil  thousand dos mil  2000 Masculine and Feminine Masculine endings: -o, -s, -ma Feminine endings: -a, -dad, tad, -cíon, -síon Exceptions: lapis, mapa, día (masculine) mano, plumo (feminine) Singular and Plural If the noun ends in a vowel, just add –s. Ex) alumno  alumnos If the noun ends in a consonant, add –es. Ex) Universidad  universidades If the noun ends in -z, the plural changes to –ces. Ex) làpiz  làpices If the noun ends in –íon, add –es, and remove the accent maark Ex) nación  naciones Articles Definite articles refer to something specific -English equivalent to “the” masculin feminina o singular el la plural los las **El and Los can also mean on = days of the week** Indefinite articles refer to something general -English equivalent to “a, an, some” masculin feminina o singular un una plural unos unas Ex) Definite 1. chica  la 2. chico  el 3. naciònalidad  la 4. cuadernos  los 5. problemas  los (ends in –ma which is masculine) 6. mujeres  las Ex) Indefinite 1. autobus  un 2. lección  una 3. computadora  una 4. hombres  unos 5. señora  una 6. lápices  unos ***The masculine plural form can refer to a mixed-gender group*** ex) 1 pasajero + 2 pasajeras = 3 pasajeros -one male can make an entire group masculine ***Any masculine adjective or noun that ends in –or, it’s feminine counterpart ends in –ra*** ex) conductor (m), conductor (f) Singular and Plural Pronouns singular plural 1st I = yo We = nosotros, nosotras person nd 2 You (informal) = tú Y’all = vosotros, vosotras person 3rd He = el They (m) = ellos person She = ella They (f) = ellas You (formal) = Usted You all (formal) = Ustedes (Ud.) (Uds.) ***Ud./Ella/El share the same verb*** Ser (to be) Singular Plural Yo (I am) = soy Nosotros/as (we are) = somos Tú (You are) = eres Vosotros/as (you are) = sois Ud./él/ella (you are; he/she is) = es Uds./Ellos/Ellas (you are; they are) =son


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