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Chapter 3 Notes

by: Amy Turk

Chapter 3 Notes MUS-22121-001

Amy Turk

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About this Document

The use and function of music in the environment.
Music As A World Phenomenon
Dr. Priwan Nanongkham
Class Notes
value, Systems, hierarchies, Identity, use, function, Spirituality, ethnics, modernism, musical, illiteracy, Pitch, Melody, Rhythm, form, meter, notation, mood, timbre, Exchange, Adaptation
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amy Turk on Friday May 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS-22121-001 at Kent State University taught by Dr. Priwan Nanongkham in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Music As A World Phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.


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Date Created: 05/20/16
WORLD MUSIC CHAPTER 3    ● the problem of the insider/outsider idea is that it doesn’t allow for a middle ground    Value Systems and Hierarchies  ● people tend to evolve value systems that dictate what kinds of music, what performers,  and what instrument makers are considered better than others  ○ who decides?  ● the question is whether expressions of value are to be taken as matters of truth, opinion,  or perspective    Music & Identity  ● groups and individuals often use music as a way to assert their unique ethnic qualities in  relation to others  ● along with other cultural elements, music shapes how people think about themselves  and their role within a society    Use vs. Function  ● use = the ways in which music is employed in human society  ○ can be easily observed  ● function requires much deeper inquiry into the meanings of music  ○ the study of function requires deep level cultural knowledge  ● ritual = broadly applied to all situations in which formal patterns of behavior are repeated  without question because they are seen to have meaning  ○ sporting events  ○ graduations  ○ parades  ● ex. singing the national anthem before football games  ○ use = a step in a longer sequence of requisite events  ○ function = to reaffirm national identity    Music and Spirituality  ● goes beyond the use and function of music in ritual because it ascribes to music the  power to affect beneficial change in human health, both physical and mental  ● music and ethnics = some believe that playing the music of Mozart for babies in the  womb will have beneficial effect or that rock music potentially corrupts our youth    Music & the Environment  ● modern societies place a high value on music  ● modernism taught that truth could be established  ● post modernism teaches that truth is relative and has little validity beyond the person  attempting to establish it  ● composers are assumed to have the genius that leads to a work’s creation  ○ in order to maintain control over all aspects of a work, the composer represents  his ideas through graphic symbols called musical notation  ■ must be played as written by performers  ● they can add nuances, but they can’t violate the composer’s  intention  ● musical illiteracy = cultures without notation  ● only certain aspects of music = such as pitch, melody, rhythm, form, meter can be  depicted as notation  ○ mood, timbre, and slight gradations of pitch cannot  ● notation is usually skeletal = its function is to provide only what is necessary to cause  performance    Exchange & Adaptation  ● as distinctive as a given musical culture can be, none developed without outside  influence  ● throughout history, distinctive musics have resulted not from isolation but from contact 


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