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Chapter 6 Notes

by: Amy Turk

Chapter 6 Notes MUS-22121-001

Amy Turk

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About this Document

Southeast Asia
Music As A World Phenomenon
Dr. Priwan Nanongkham
Class Notes
monsoon, vocal, hanoi, gong, interlocking, Construction, duple, meter, song, lang, nhac, tai, tu, chamber, socialist, Realism, Thailand, piphat, pi, ching, stratification, polyphonic, khru, laos, lam, klawn, repartee, khaen
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amy Turk on Friday May 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS-22121-001 at Kent State University taught by Dr. Priwan Nanongkham in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Music As A World Phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.


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Date Created: 05/20/16
WORLD MUSIC CHAPTER 6 Southeast Asia ● monsoon = winds ● especially known for bronze and bamboo ○ used to make instruments ● lowlanders live in villages and are generally wet rice farmers ● uplanders live rurally ● vocal music plays a strong role ● theater ● all musics require a system of patronage in order to survive Vietnam ● hanoi = the country’s capital ● vietnamese central Highlands Bronze ● gong ensemble ● each musician only has one gong and is only capable of producing a single pitch ○ the sounds of the different gongs are strung together to produce a melody ○ interlocking construction = when a succession of individual pitches played by different people creates the effect of a continuous melody ■ ex. a bell choir ● clear duple meter ● consists primarily of a single melodic line making it monophonic ● gongs associated with both festivals and religious rituals, including funerals and the annual buffalo sacrifice ● Nhac Tai Tu Amateur Chamber Music ● a free and improvisatory feel in both melody and rhythm ● song lang = a slit drum clapper idiophone from vietnam ● vietnamese music is generated from a complex modal system ○ each mode has its own set of pitches, a hierarchy of strong and weak tones, required ornamentation, and associated extra-musical meanings ● a closed cycle of beats similar to the Indian tala ○ the final beat is the most accented ● the musicians all play the same fundamental melody but add different kinds of ornamentation typical of their instrument, resulting in a heterophony ● music came from European ideas of “socialist realism” = an aesthetic philosophy that uses music to influence people’s political thinking Thailand ● while there is an appearance of modernization, democratization, and globalization, there are also factors such as monarchy, Buddhism, village life, and age-old rituals ● used to be an absolute monarchy ● now a constitutional monarchy with a royal family ● classical piphat music ● piphat = a type of classical ensemble from thailand characterized by the use of melodic and rhythmic percussion and a double-reed aerophone ● a clamor of notes only held together by drums and some minimal percussion ● regular ring of a small pair of cymbals ● several different melodies seem to overlap continuously in a sort of organized chaos ● central thai instruments are more characteristically found in ensembles ● the piphat primarily plays theater, dance, drama, and ritual music ○ requires at least 3 melodic instruments and two rhythmic instruments ● the lead instrument is a high-range xylophone with 21-bars of either hardwood or bamboo ○ this instrument’s performance is the most rhythmically dense ● pi = a double reed aerophone found in the phiphat ○ plays a flexible, seemingly distinct, version of the same main melody ● virtually all Thai music is in duple meter ○ it operates with groupings of two, four, or eight beats ● ching = a pair of cup shaped cymbals ● thai meter is organized cyclically, like an analog clock ● the lower gong circle plays the simplest and least dense form of a given composition ○ has fewer notes and a lower rhythmic density than the other instruments ● all of the other melodic instruments play idiomatic variants of the lower gong circle’s version ● polyphonic stratification = a layering of simultaneous variants of the same melody ● khru = a Thai teacher Laos and Northeast Thailand ● Laos went backward economically and is only beginning to recover while Northeast Thailand’s level of development was raised dramatically by the booming economy ● Lam Klawn Repartee singing ● khaen = a bamboo free-reed mouth organ from Northeast Thailand and Laos ● repartee = male and female vocalists singing in alternation


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