Chapter 6 Notes
Chapter 6 Notes MUS-22121-001
Popular in Music As A World Phenomenon
Popular in Music
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amy Turk on Friday May 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUS-22121-001 at Kent State University taught by Dr. Priwan Nanongkham in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Music As A World Phenomenon in Music at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 05/20/16
WORLD MUSIC CHAPTER 6 Southeast Asia ● monsoon = winds ● especially known for bronze and bamboo ○ used to make instruments ● lowlanders live in villages and are generally wet rice farmers ● uplanders live rurally ● vocal music plays a strong role ● theater ● all musics require a system of patronage in order to survive Vietnam ● hanoi = the country’s capital ● vietnamese central Highlands Bronze ● gong ensemble ● each musician only has one gong and is only capable of producing a single pitch ○ the sounds of the different gongs are strung together to produce a melody ○ interlocking construction = when a succession of individual pitches played by different people creates the effect of a continuous melody ■ ex. a bell choir ● clear duple meter ● consists primarily of a single melodic line making it monophonic ● gongs associated with both festivals and religious rituals, including funerals and the annual buffalo sacrifice ● Nhac Tai Tu Amateur Chamber Music ● a free and improvisatory feel in both melody and rhythm ● song lang = a slit drum clapper idiophone from vietnam ● vietnamese music is generated from a complex modal system ○ each mode has its own set of pitches, a hierarchy of strong and weak tones, required ornamentation, and associated extra-musical meanings ● a closed cycle of beats similar to the Indian tala ○ the final beat is the most accented ● the musicians all play the same fundamental melody but add different kinds of ornamentation typical of their instrument, resulting in a heterophony ● music came from European ideas of “socialist realism” = an aesthetic philosophy that uses music to influence people’s political thinking Thailand ● while there is an appearance of modernization, democratization, and globalization, there are also factors such as monarchy, Buddhism, village life, and age-old rituals ● used to be an absolute monarchy ● now a constitutional monarchy with a royal family ● classical piphat music ● piphat = a type of classical ensemble from thailand characterized by the use of melodic and rhythmic percussion and a double-reed aerophone ● a clamor of notes only held together by drums and some minimal percussion ● regular ring of a small pair of cymbals ● several different melodies seem to overlap continuously in a sort of organized chaos ● central thai instruments are more characteristically found in ensembles ● the piphat primarily plays theater, dance, drama, and ritual music ○ requires at least 3 melodic instruments and two rhythmic instruments ● the lead instrument is a high-range xylophone with 21-bars of either hardwood or bamboo ○ this instrument’s performance is the most rhythmically dense ● pi = a double reed aerophone found in the phiphat ○ plays a flexible, seemingly distinct, version of the same main melody ● virtually all Thai music is in duple meter ○ it operates with groupings of two, four, or eight beats ● ching = a pair of cup shaped cymbals ● thai meter is organized cyclically, like an analog clock ● the lower gong circle plays the simplest and least dense form of a given composition ○ has fewer notes and a lower rhythmic density than the other instruments ● all of the other melodic instruments play idiomatic variants of the lower gong circle’s version ● polyphonic stratification = a layering of simultaneous variants of the same melody ● khru = a Thai teacher Laos and Northeast Thailand ● Laos went backward economically and is only beginning to recover while Northeast Thailand’s level of development was raised dramatically by the booming economy ● Lam Klawn Repartee singing ● khaen = a bamboo free-reed mouth organ from Northeast Thailand and Laos ● repartee = male and female vocalists singing in alternation
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