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ASB 202 week 9

by: Jordan R

ASB 202 week 9 ASB 202

Jordan R
GPA 3.6

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This is on the exam.
Imm & Ethnic Relations in US
Class Notes
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This 21 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan R on Sunday May 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ASB 202 at Arizona State University taught by Estrada in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.


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Date Created: 05/22/16
Working With La Familia ● A study of family work relations among latino/a children and adolescents who work with their parents as street vendors in los angeles ● post 1965=Latinos, Asians, Caribbean's ● heart celler act= let in immigrants ● different cause immigrants of color and context of ascending and receiving countries 1 California ● CA population: 38.8 million ● CA latino population: 14.99 million ● Los Angeles Latino population: 4.9 million ● Boyle Heights popultion: 99243 ● Boyle Heights Latino pop: 94% ● median household income: $33,235 ● education: 68% have less than high school 2 The Informal Economy ● The informal econonmy refers to all income earning activities that are not regulated by the state in social environments where similar activities are regulated (Castells and Portes, 1989) ● 289.700 informal workers in LA ● 61% of the informal labor force are undocumented immigrants ● 10,000 food street vendors in LA 50,000 microbuisnesses (clothing, cell phones, accessories) ● ● $504 million industry in LA ● Source: (Haydamack and Flaming 2005, Munoz 2009, Hamilton and Chinchilla 2001, Economic Roundtable 2015) 3 Street V ending: A Child Care Solution ● “[street vending] was particularly useful for women with small children, and sometimes women would sell in groups to facilitate child care” (Hamilton and Chinchilla 2001). 4 Theoretical Overview ● latino immigration families gendered transitions ● segmented assimilation theory 5 latino immigrant families ● immigration and spousal relations ● Hondagneu- Sotelo, Pierrette (1994 and 2001) ● gendered transitions: Mexican experience of immigration ● Domestica: immigrant workers cleaning and caring in the shadows of affluence ● Fernandez-Kelley, Patricia and Anna M. Garcia (1997) ● power surrounded, power restored: the politics of work and family among hispanic garment workers in CA and florida ● immigration and spousal relations: family with children 6 segmented assimilation theory ● multiple pathways of incorporation post 1965 immigration ● Portes, Alejandro, and Min Zhou (1993) ● the new second generation: segmented assimilation and its variants ● Porte, Alejandro, and Ruben Rumbaut (2001 and 2006) ● Legacies: the story of the second generation ● immigrant america: a portrait 7 Segmentes Assimilation Theory: 3 Pathways ● 1. Consonant Acculturation: Straight line assimilation ● unidirectional/unilinear ● similar to previous white ethnics ● 2.Dissonant acculturation: downward assimilation ● paths to mobility blocked ● will come to identify and be identified as racialize minorities ● will become part of a minority underclass similar to Afro-Ams ● 3. selective acculturation/ assimilation ● delayed assimilation ● you need to become fully assimilated or acculturated to structurally assimilate ● you don't need to drop ethnic origins or leave your community to be successful ● kids are healthier when they have a healthy ethnic background 8 problems with the theory ● the authors focused on youth to back up their theory ● adolescents are not yet fully developed or incorporated into society ● maybe its a function of age 9 multiple paths of incorporation affected by… ● 1. skin color ● 2. the structure of opportunity ● 3.modes of incorporation 10 problems with the theory ● Homogenizes latino communitites, especially Chicanos into an underclass grouop representative of downward assimilation or (dissonant accutlaturation) (Agius Vallejo) ● Ignores the mexican middle class (neckarman, carter, and lee) ● according to estrada: ignores the role of the family, top down parent child relations, takes a normative american nuclear family approach, does not take a child centered approach, overlooks the resources that exist as a result of acculturation 11 Children and Work ● Historical perspective and shifts ● Zelizer, Viviana (1985 and 1998) ● pricing the priceless child: The Changing Social Value of Children From Useful to Useless: Moral Conflict Over Child Labor ● Aries, Philippe (1962) Centeries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life ● ● The Ethnic Economy: Chinese and Koreans ● Song,Miri (1999) ● Helpinh Out: Childrens 12 Research Questions ● 1. in what ways do the children contribute to the family street vending business? ● financial contributions ● american generational recourses ● (Estrada, Emir. 2013 “Changing Household Dynamics: Children) ● 2. What kind of intergenerational dynamics result when children work with their parents as street vendors? ● paradox of increased parental control and child agency ● economic empathy ● family bargains ● (Estrada, Emir and Pierrette Hondagneu-Sotelo. 2013 “Living the Thirs Shift: Latina Adolescent Street Vendors in Los Angeles.” … Challenges in the Field ● Fear and Distrust ● undercover police ● health inspector ● immigration officer ● social worker ● competition ● IRB recruitment forms (3 required) 14 Establishing Rapport ● “Outsider Within” Status ● spoke Spanish fluently ● tutored the youth ● shared my own experience working with my parents in mexico and the US ● brought my daughter and mother to the field site ● used public transportation ● purchased and ate a lot of food 15 American Generational Resources ● Citizenship ● English Language skills ● technology 16 Increased Parental Vigilance ● boys were typically around the corner (the parents were lessd and the concerned with their safety) 17 Economic Empathy ● “I don’t really see this like a job. I see it more like our responsibility. Like I have to be there to help my mom so she won’t get that tired” (Consuelo, age 16) ● get money for household rather than themselves ● aware of financial needs of family ● this type of empathy develops while working together 18 Conclusion ● In this context, street vending where children work with their parents serves as a resource that helps buffer against downward mobility because it: ● 1.provides immediate financial resources for the family and children ● 2.sets the context for children to actively use their AGR to help their parents and themselves ● 3. Increases parental control and child agency ● 4.Strengthens family bonds as children develop an ecumenic empathy with their parents 19 20 21


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