ASB 202 week 9
Popular in Imm & Ethnic Relations in US
Popular in Department
This 21 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan R on Sunday May 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ASB 202 at Arizona State University taught by Estrada in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.
Reviews for ASB 202 week 9
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 05/22/16
Working With La Familia ● A study of family work relations among latino/a children and adolescents who work with their parents as street vendors in los angeles ● post 1965=Latinos, Asians, Caribbean's ● heart celler act= let in immigrants ● different cause immigrants of color and context of ascending and receiving countries 1 California ● CA population: 38.8 million ● CA latino population: 14.99 million ● Los Angeles Latino population: 4.9 million ● Boyle Heights popultion: 99243 ● Boyle Heights Latino pop: 94% ● median household income: $33,235 ● education: 68% have less than high school 2 The Informal Economy ● The informal econonmy refers to all income earning activities that are not regulated by the state in social environments where similar activities are regulated (Castells and Portes, 1989) ● 289.700 informal workers in LA ● 61% of the informal labor force are undocumented immigrants ● 10,000 food street vendors in LA 50,000 microbuisnesses (clothing, cell phones, accessories) ● ● $504 million industry in LA ● Source: (Haydamack and Flaming 2005, Munoz 2009, Hamilton and Chinchilla 2001, Economic Roundtable 2015) 3 Street V ending: A Child Care Solution ● “[street vending] was particularly useful for women with small children, and sometimes women would sell in groups to facilitate child care” (Hamilton and Chinchilla 2001). 4 Theoretical Overview ● latino immigration families gendered transitions ● segmented assimilation theory 5 latino immigrant families ● immigration and spousal relations ● Hondagneu- Sotelo, Pierrette (1994 and 2001) ● gendered transitions: Mexican experience of immigration ● Domestica: immigrant workers cleaning and caring in the shadows of affluence ● Fernandez-Kelley, Patricia and Anna M. Garcia (1997) ● power surrounded, power restored: the politics of work and family among hispanic garment workers in CA and florida ● immigration and spousal relations: family with children 6 segmented assimilation theory ● multiple pathways of incorporation post 1965 immigration ● Portes, Alejandro, and Min Zhou (1993) ● the new second generation: segmented assimilation and its variants ● Porte, Alejandro, and Ruben Rumbaut (2001 and 2006) ● Legacies: the story of the second generation ● immigrant america: a portrait 7 Segmentes Assimilation Theory: 3 Pathways ● 1. Consonant Acculturation: Straight line assimilation ● unidirectional/unilinear ● similar to previous white ethnics ● 2.Dissonant acculturation: downward assimilation ● paths to mobility blocked ● will come to identify and be identified as racialize minorities ● will become part of a minority underclass similar to Afro-Ams ● 3. selective acculturation/ assimilation ● delayed assimilation ● you need to become fully assimilated or acculturated to structurally assimilate ● you don't need to drop ethnic origins or leave your community to be successful ● kids are healthier when they have a healthy ethnic background 8 problems with the theory ● the authors focused on youth to back up their theory ● adolescents are not yet fully developed or incorporated into society ● maybe its a function of age 9 multiple paths of incorporation affected by… ● 1. skin color ● 2. the structure of opportunity ● 3.modes of incorporation 10 problems with the theory ● Homogenizes latino communitites, especially Chicanos into an underclass grouop representative of downward assimilation or (dissonant accutlaturation) (Agius Vallejo) ● Ignores the mexican middle class (neckarman, carter, and lee) ● according to estrada: ignores the role of the family, top down parent child relations, takes a normative american nuclear family approach, does not take a child centered approach, overlooks the resources that exist as a result of acculturation 11 Children and Work ● Historical perspective and shifts ● Zelizer, Viviana (1985 and 1998) ● pricing the priceless child: The Changing Social Value of Children From Useful to Useless: Moral Conflict Over Child Labor ● Aries, Philippe (1962) Centeries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life ● ● The Ethnic Economy: Chinese and Koreans ● Song,Miri (1999) ● Helpinh Out: Childrens 12 Research Questions ● 1. in what ways do the children contribute to the family street vending business? ● financial contributions ● american generational recourses ● (Estrada, Emir. 2013 “Changing Household Dynamics: Children) ● 2. What kind of intergenerational dynamics result when children work with their parents as street vendors? ● paradox of increased parental control and child agency ● economic empathy ● family bargains ● (Estrada, Emir and Pierrette Hondagneu-Sotelo. 2013 “Living the Thirs Shift: Latina Adolescent Street Vendors in Los Angeles.” … Challenges in the Field ● Fear and Distrust ● undercover police ● health inspector ● immigration officer ● social worker ● competition ● IRB recruitment forms (3 required) 14 Establishing Rapport ● “Outsider Within” Status ● spoke Spanish fluently ● tutored the youth ● shared my own experience working with my parents in mexico and the US ● brought my daughter and mother to the field site ● used public transportation ● purchased and ate a lot of food 15 American Generational Resources ● Citizenship ● English Language skills ● technology 16 Increased Parental Vigilance ● boys were typically around the corner (the parents were lessd and the concerned with their safety) 17 Economic Empathy ● “I don’t really see this like a job. I see it more like our responsibility. Like I have to be there to help my mom so she won’t get that tired” (Consuelo, age 16) ● get money for household rather than themselves ● aware of financial needs of family ● this type of empathy develops while working together 18 Conclusion ● In this context, street vending where children work with their parents serves as a resource that helps buffer against downward mobility because it: ● 1.provides immediate financial resources for the family and children ● 2.sets the context for children to actively use their AGR to help their parents and themselves ● 3. Increases parental control and child agency ● 4.Strengthens family bonds as children develop an ecumenic empathy with their parents 19 20 21
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'