ASB 202 week 10
Popular in Imm & Ethnic Relations in US
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This 17 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan R on Sunday May 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ASB 202 at Arizona State University taught by Estrada in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.
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Date Created: 05/22/16
Transnational Migration and Identity Definitions ● Transnationalism= any social process that occurs across national borders ● Transnational migrants= migrants who constantly cross national borders and don't just stay in one country ● different concept of immigration which emphasizes how people migrate to one society, settle down long-term/permanently, and eventually culturally and socially assimilate ● Migrant transnationalism= migrants maintain social connections/ ties across national borders to their home/sending country ● this allows them to be simultaneously involved in both the migrant sending and receiving countries 2 Different types of Migrant Transnationalism ● Economic transnationalism= migrants not only have an important impact on the host countries economy but also maintain ties to the economy of their home country ● remittances (money migrants send back home to support family) ● migrant remittances have a huge impact on sending country economies ● immigrant entrepreneurs who bring economic capital from back home, maintain business ties to home country, and run business selling imported goods to immigrant communities 3 Different types of Migrant Transnationalism ● Political transnationalism= immigrants contribute to politics in both countries by transnational political activity across national borders ● immigrants influence politics in the host country as voters by political lobbying and political mobilization (especially of those who cant vote yet) ● at the same time, immigrants influence politics in the home country ● most immigrants retain right to vote in home country elections and can do so through extra territorial voting (by absentee ballot) ● political transnational not as important as economic transnationalism because a vast majority of immigrants don’t vote by absentee ballot even if they can ● Immigrants also consume products and mass media transnational from home country ● immigrants also maintain transnational social relations with family/ friends back home across national borders 4 Is Migrant Transnationalism a New Phenomenon? ● globalization (advances in global transportation, telecommunications, mass media technologies) which don't exist generations ago ● immigrants in the past also maintain transnational connections 5 ● The various transnational social relations immigrants maintain become the basis for transnational migrant communities consisting of 6 Immigrant Identity ● How does migration impact the identity of immigrants? ● identity= conscious awareness of who one is based on an individuals membership in certain social groups Types of Identity: ● ● ethnic identity ● national identity ● professional/ occupational identity ● social class identity ● Migration is one of important causes of identity change 7 Impact of Migration on Ethnic Identity ● Immigrants ethnic identity usually changes from being member of the majority ethnic group in the home country to a member of an immigrant minority in the host society ● migration impacts ethnic minority identity because the way immigrants see themselves (culturally and racially) sometimes conflicts with the way they are seen in the host society 8 Impact of Migration on Ethnic Identity ● Morawska states: “The diversity of transnational involvements produced by different constellations of these factors (see page 154) can be illustrates by the examples of three groups: Hong Kong Chinese in Los Angeles and Dominicans and Jamaicans in New York” (pg. 193) ● assigned immigrant group.s, go over each of theses factors for the ● Consider the following: 1. Context of the sending country, 2. local conditions in immigrants place of settlement, 3. characteristics of individual immigrants 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
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