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Chapter 1

by: Amy Turk

Chapter 1 PSYC-21211

Amy Turk

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About this Document

Notes on chapter 1
Psychology of Adjustment
Dr. John Schell
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amy Turk on Sunday May 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC-21211 at Kent State University taught by Dr. John Schell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Adjustment in Psychlogy at Kent State University.


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Date Created: 05/22/16
ADJUSTING TO MODERN LIFE ● Adjustment ○ Adoptation ■ The efforts by species to adjust to environmental changes ○ Adjustment ■ Way we manage or cope with the demands and challenges of everyday life ● Additional views ○ Mastery of changing demands ○ Normality ○ Social competence ○ Internal harmony ○ Self-fulfillment (happiness) ● Well-being ○ Subjective emotional state ○ Three components ■ Much positive affect ■ Little negative ■ Life satisfaction ● Happiness What contributes to happiness? ● What isn’t very important? ○ Money = people can cope and be happy without money ■ Not having money makes people unhappy, but money doesn’t make people happy ○ Age ○ Gender ○ Parenthood ○ Intelligence ○ Physical attractiveness ● What’s somewhat important? ○ Health ○ Social activity ○ Religion ○ Culture ● What’s very important? ○ Love and marriage (relationship satisfaction) ○ Work (success, stability, security) ■ Having a job that gives you a sense of meaning ■ Contributing to the world ○ Genetics and personality ■ Outlook ■ Positive emotionality ● Conclusions ○ People have difficulty predicting what will make them happy or how they will react to various situations ■ Affective forecasting ○ Objective reality is not as important as subjective feelings ○ Everything is relative ■ Compared to others, and to our own expectations ○ People adapt to their circumstances ■ Hedonic adaptation ● Up or down ● Pleasure goes up and down ● We adjust it based on life circumstances ■ Hedonic treadmill ● We’re always chasing pleasure ● We’re always looking for more ● The quest for happiness is never hopeless ○ Even if life circumstances aren’t good, we can still find happiness The Paradox of Progress ● The technological advances of the 20th century, have not led to perceptible improvement in our collective health and happiness ○ More technology ○ More leisure time ○ More choices ○ More information ○ More control ● But not happier ○ Perceived quality of life is actually worse ○ We compare ourselves to other people through social media ■ On social media, you only see the good stuff and not life as it really is ■ We are never satisfied…. We always want more ● Why? ○ Changes to value systems and traditional


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