Adjusting To Modern Life
Adjusting To Modern Life PSYC-21211
Popular in Psychology of Adjustment
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amy Turk on Sunday May 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC-21211 at Kent State University taught by Dr. John Schell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Adjustment in Psychlogy at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 05/22/16
ADJUSTING TO MODERN LIFE ● The range of life choices has increased in recent decades ○ When people have too many choices, they experience choice overload and struggle with decisions ○ Errors are more likely ● Modern technology has had a devastating effect on our environment ○ Global warming ○ Destruction of the ozone layer ○ Deforestation ○ Air and water pollution ● The technological advances have not led to improvement in our health and happiness ○ The quality of our lives and sense of personal fulfillment have declined ■ Paradox of progress ● Psychology = the science that studies behavior and the physiological and mental processes ● Behavior = an observable response or activity by an organism ● Adjustment = the psychological processes through which people manage or cope with the demands and challenges of everyday life ● Empiricism = the idea that knowledge should be acquired through observation ● Scientific approach ○ Clarity & precision ○ Intolerance of errors Experimental Research ● Investigator manipulates one variable under carefully controlled conditions and observes whether any changes occur in a second variable ● Allows scientists to draw conclusions about cause-and-effect relationships between variables Correlational Research ● When two variables are related to each other ● Correlation coefficient ○ A numerical index of the degree of relationship that exists between two variables ○ How strongly related they are ○ The direction of the relationship ○ Positive or negative ● Naturalistic observation = a researcher engages in careful observation of behavior without intervening directly with the subjects ○ Allows researchers to study behavior under conditions that are less artificial than in experiments ● Case study = in depth investigation of an individual subject ○ Clinical setting ● Surveys ● Broadens the scope of phenomena that psychologists can study ● Subjective well-being = individual’s personal assessments of their overall happiness ● Objective realities are not as important as subjective feelings ● When it comes to happiness, everything is relative ○ You evaluate what you have relative to what the people around you have ● People are bad at predicting what will make them happy ● Affective forecasting = efforts to predict one’s emotional reactions to future events ● People often adapt to their circumstances ● Hedonic adaptation = when the mental scale that people use to judge the pleasantness-unpleasantness of their experiences shifts so that their neutral point, or baseline for comparison, is changed
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