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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raquel Notetaker on Sunday May 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1200 at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute taught by Hubbell in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
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Date Created: 05/22/16
Chapter 13: Emotion, Stress, and Health Emotions Emotions are complex patterns of changes made up of physiological arousal, cognitive appraisal, and behavioral and expressive reactions. As a product of evolution, all humans may share a basic set of emotional responses. Cultures, however, vary in their rules of appropriateness for displaying emotions. Classic theories emphasize different parts of emotional response, such as peripheral bodily reactions or central neural processes. More contemporary theories emphasize the appraisal of arousal. Moods and emotions affect information processing and memory. Subjective well-being is influenced by both genetics and life experiences. Stress of Living Stress can arise from negative or positive events. At the root of most stress are change and the need to adapt to environmental, biological, physical, and social demands. Physiological stress reactions are regulated by the hypothalamus and a complex interaction of the hormonal and nervous system. Depending on the type of stressor and its effect over time, stress can be a mild disruption or lead to health-threatening reactions. Cognitive appraisal is a primary moderator variable of stress. Coping strategies either focus on problems or attempting to regulate emotions. Cognitive reappraisal and restructuring can be used to cope with stress. Social support is also a significant stress moderator, as long as it is appropriate to the circumstances. Stress can lead to positive changes such a posttraumatic growth. Health Psychology Health psychology is devoted to treatment and prevention of illness. The biopsychosocial model of health and illness looks at the connections among physical, emotional, and environmental factors of illness. Illness prevention focuses on lifestyle factors such as smoking and AIDS-risk behaviors. Psychological factors influence immune function. Psychosocial treatment of illness adds another dimension to patient treatment. Individuals who are characterized by Type A, Type B, and optimistic behavior patterns will experience different likelihoods of illness. Health-care providers are at risk for burnout, which can be minimized by appropriate situational changes in their helping environment.
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