New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Soc 102-Goffman

by: Freddie816

Soc 102-Goffman SOC 102

GPA 3.3

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

SI and Goffman
Contemporary Sociological Theory
Class Notes
soc, 102, jepson, Symbolic, interactionism, goffman
25 ?




Popular in Contemporary Sociological Theory

Popular in Sociology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Tuesday May 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 102 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Jepson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Sociological Theory in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.


Reviews for Soc 102-Goffman


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 05/24/16
    5/17/16    ● Erving goffman   ○ According to Goffman’s theory of  ramaturgy  “the world is a stage and we are all  performers.” Dramaturgy is a theatrical metaphor for the rituals individuals engage  in to form certain impressions in order to reach an ultimate goal in mind (to reach  social acceptance and self validation). In this view, life is a series of stages in  which we enter and exit “impression” roles which define how one will behave.   ○ Impression management is therefore an attempt to convince others that we are  who we claim we are [to impress others], this process is never complete, we take  on several other roles, screw up→ strategies forepair (strategies to protect face).  Thus  social life is dominated by a struggle to control the impression we  make on others  ○ Strategies of Impression Management  ■ Concealment  ● Engage in strategies to hide/disguise life events that can undermine  our performance, in order to persuade others to believe that you are  who you say you are   ● This involves a process of deciding what part of ourself we are  going to share   ● Use props to enhance our impression. Ie­ drive an expensive car so  that others can think that we are rich  ■ Flattery  ● Make others feel superior in order to “open” people up to our  impressions “buttering others up”  ● Make others feel like our performance is just for them   ■ Distance   ● Must keep a certain distance and remain professional in order to  maintain a successful impression (preserve the hierarchy), this  convinces others that we know “what we are talking about”  ■ Consistency   ● Maintain the same impression time and time again [so you don't  come off as “fake”]  ■ Mystification   ● We have be able to amaze our audience, more effective for those  with a lot of charisma   The problem however is that the individual must be on constant guard to maintain the impression  that s/he is trying to portray and at times, others may try to constantly push back in order to harm  one’s so called impression. This leads into efforts in which the individual attempts to save his/her  face iedefensive measures  Protective measures:   efforts to save someone else’s face   ● Frontstage and backstage  ○ In Goffman’s view, the front stage is the scripted performance that we play for  others (the audience). The backstage is the non­visible stage. This is where      5/17/16  people tend to be themselves without worrying about who they are performing for.  For example, in the front stage a salesperson can act as if s/he were nice and give  his/her audience several compliments in order to sell the customer an item. In the  backstage, this same individual can be him/herself and talk crap about her  customer that “bought” his/her performance [this is because s/he is no longer  performing for anyone]. The backstage is the more “genuine and authentic self”  ○ Ex­gender role: women tend to be more of themselves around other women but  engage in performances when they are around men. Women may wear more  makeup, wear uncomfortable shoes etc. to fulfill her gender role and be socially  accepted. However, men are taught that they need to fulfill certain roles too, such  as of being macho, but male roles are not as extensive as for women.  ○ When people do not fulfill their social roles, they are labedeviants.  Being  labeled a deviant in society leads tstigmatization  and requires the individual to  engage in further impression management. A   stigma  is a stereotype or a label  used to mark someone as not normal. A stigmatized individual is cleaned of all  his/her characteristics and becomes nothing more than what his/her stigma makes  him/her out to be ie­a stigma becomes one’s m   aster status. Those with a stigma  are forced to engage in extensive impression management in order to reduce their  “spoiled identities”  However, those who carry a non­visible stigma, are impacted  to a lesser degree because these people are perceived as “normal” thus, they are  able topass  as long as they carefully choose what and what not to share with  others. Furthermore, a stigma becomes internalized ie­criminal and can therefore  lead to aself­fulfilled prophecy­ people are taught to believe that they have  certain limits because of their stigma and therefore learn to play out these roles,  i.e­mental hospitals: individuals are constantly reminded that their is something  inherently wrong with them and learn to become dependent on the hospital. This  has more of an impact on the young.  ● Framing   ○  A worldview or perspective for interpreting events or experiences;a way  of making sense of the world  ie­attitudes   ○ Sets of concepts and perspectives on how individuals, groups and societies  should   rganize, perceive and communicate about reality  ○ Framing is an inevitable (mental category or influence) on how one perceives  reality and therefore shapes how s/he interprets and responds to life events  ○ Framing allows us to make sense of reality through social lenses  ○ Master frames­a fixed frame that one carries all of the time   Summary of Mead and the structure of the self  ○ The self, according to Mead, is a binary process governed by the I and Me. the I is  the individual self and the ME is the socially constructed self. We learn to behave  (create a self image) through the process of role­taking that governs our behavior  and transforms our impulses into socially acceptable actions. Thus, each time that  the I responds to a stimulus, the ME pushes back in an attempt to get the self to      5/17/16  conform in a socially acceptable way. Through this process of reward and  punishment, we learn to behave as moral human beings, 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.