Soc 102-Goffman SOC 102
Popular in Contemporary Sociological Theory
Popular in Sociology
verified elite notetaker
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Freddie816 on Tuesday May 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 102 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Jepson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Sociological Theory in Sociology at University of California - Los Angeles.
Reviews for Soc 102-Goffman
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 05/24/16
5/17/16 ● Erving goffman ○ According to Goffman’s theory of ramaturgy “the world is a stage and we are all performers.” Dramaturgy is a theatrical metaphor for the rituals individuals engage in to form certain impressions in order to reach an ultimate goal in mind (to reach social acceptance and self validation). In this view, life is a series of stages in which we enter and exit “impression” roles which define how one will behave. ○ Impression management is therefore an attempt to convince others that we are who we claim we are [to impress others], this process is never complete, we take on several other roles, screw up→ strategies forepair (strategies to protect face). Thus social life is dominated by a struggle to control the impression we make on others ○ Strategies of Impression Management ■ Concealment ● Engage in strategies to hide/disguise life events that can undermine our performance, in order to persuade others to believe that you are who you say you are ● This involves a process of deciding what part of ourself we are going to share ● Use props to enhance our impression. Ie drive an expensive car so that others can think that we are rich ■ Flattery ● Make others feel superior in order to “open” people up to our impressions “buttering others up” ● Make others feel like our performance is just for them ■ Distance ● Must keep a certain distance and remain professional in order to maintain a successful impression (preserve the hierarchy), this convinces others that we know “what we are talking about” ■ Consistency ● Maintain the same impression time and time again [so you don't come off as “fake”] ■ Mystification ● We have be able to amaze our audience, more effective for those with a lot of charisma The problem however is that the individual must be on constant guard to maintain the impression that s/he is trying to portray and at times, others may try to constantly push back in order to harm one’s so called impression. This leads into efforts in which the individual attempts to save his/her face iedefensive measures Protective measures: efforts to save someone else’s face ● Frontstage and backstage ○ In Goffman’s view, the front stage is the scripted performance that we play for others (the audience). The backstage is the nonvisible stage. This is where 5/17/16 people tend to be themselves without worrying about who they are performing for. For example, in the front stage a salesperson can act as if s/he were nice and give his/her audience several compliments in order to sell the customer an item. In the backstage, this same individual can be him/herself and talk crap about her customer that “bought” his/her performance [this is because s/he is no longer performing for anyone]. The backstage is the more “genuine and authentic self” ○ Exgender role: women tend to be more of themselves around other women but engage in performances when they are around men. Women may wear more makeup, wear uncomfortable shoes etc. to fulfill her gender role and be socially accepted. However, men are taught that they need to fulfill certain roles too, such as of being macho, but male roles are not as extensive as for women. ○ When people do not fulfill their social roles, they are labedeviants. Being labeled a deviant in society leads tstigmatization and requires the individual to engage in further impression management. A stigma is a stereotype or a label used to mark someone as not normal. A stigmatized individual is cleaned of all his/her characteristics and becomes nothing more than what his/her stigma makes him/her out to be iea stigma becomes one’s m aster status. Those with a stigma are forced to engage in extensive impression management in order to reduce their “spoiled identities” However, those who carry a nonvisible stigma, are impacted to a lesser degree because these people are perceived as “normal” thus, they are able topass as long as they carefully choose what and what not to share with others. Furthermore, a stigma becomes internalized iecriminal and can therefore lead to aselffulfilled prophecy people are taught to believe that they have certain limits because of their stigma and therefore learn to play out these roles, i.emental hospitals: individuals are constantly reminded that their is something inherently wrong with them and learn to become dependent on the hospital. This has more of an impact on the young. ● Framing ○ A worldview or perspective for interpreting events or experiences;a way of making sense of the world ieattitudes ○ Sets of concepts and perspectives on how individuals, groups and societies should rganize, perceive and communicate about reality ○ Framing is an inevitable (mental category or influence) on how one perceives reality and therefore shapes how s/he interprets and responds to life events ○ Framing allows us to make sense of reality through social lenses ○ Master framesa fixed frame that one carries all of the time Summary of Mead and the structure of the self ○ The self, according to Mead, is a binary process governed by the I and Me. the I is the individual self and the ME is the socially constructed self. We learn to behave (create a self image) through the process of roletaking that governs our behavior and transforms our impulses into socially acceptable actions. Thus, each time that the I responds to a stimulus, the ME pushes back in an attempt to get the self to 5/17/16 conform in a socially acceptable way. Through this process of reward and punishment, we learn to behave as moral human beings,
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'