POLS Week 9 NOTES - LOGAN
POLS Week 9 NOTES - LOGAN 112
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby Kolb on Wednesday May 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 112 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Kathryn Logan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views.
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Date Created: 05/25/16
POLS NOTS DAY 15 (WEEK 9) Elections, Parties, and Democracy Elections : Why Important in a Democracy?? o Masses = empower individuals. Provide means to influence government (policy mandate). Decide majority preferences. Make government accountable. Protection against official abuse. o Government = prevent radical change. Legitimacy (rightful rule). o Elite Theory Perspective = choose personnel, not policy. Symbolic reassurance to masses. Elections – Dilemmas Today : o Personality trumps issues. o Money drives elections rich candidates win. Media’s influential role in campaigns. Fat cat contributors. o Nonparticipation rates : who votes? Is nonparticipation a protest vote? American Political Parties : o Purpose to win! o Origins of the party system. Characteristics of the American Party System (APS) : o Two MAJOR Parties – custom and cultural norms. Winner takeall electoral system : singlemember districts. Plurality vs. proportional representation. Appointment of electoral college. o Parties are middle of the road; they appeal to moderate, nonextreme voters. o Pattern of DE alignment = Decline in major party identification Increase in independent voters Swing voters and their significance Influence of splitticket voting Republican party has benefited a lot . o Pattern of RE alignment = Change in party alignment over the long term Switch in party loyalties Among geographical areas Among ethnic groups Minor Third Parties: o Types of third parties – Bolting or secessionist Radical or extremist Single issue o Virtues of third parties – Provide an alternative Incorporation of ideas by major parties Force majority parties to take a stand Political Party Ideologies : o American Independent Party rightwing, antiWashington, antiracial integration, anti communist party. o Republican Party justice, equal rights, opportunity for all, regardless of race, religion, gender, or national origin. Government of the people. o Democratic Party core values of equal opportunity, responsibility, community, fairness, security, honesty, openness. People from all walks of life, America’s strength comes from diversity. o Green Party protect the Earth and its people, connection between individual rights and individual responsibilities to the Earth community. Support selfdefinition and self determination of people. Seek to confront barriers of racism, sexism, etc. o Peace and Freedom Party committed to socialism, democracy, ecology, feminism, and racial equality. Represent the working class and creating a world where cooperation replaces competition. All people well fed, clothed, and housed. Equal status between men and women, cultural integrity, and peace of freedom. o Libertarian Party individual liberty. Neither left not right. Both socially and economically liberal. Prodrug legalization, prochoice, progay marriage, prohome schooling, antigun control. Antiwelfare, antigovernment regulation of business, anti minimum wage, antiincome tax, profree trade. Classical laissez faire ideology. Almost no regulation of the economy. Government should promote total economic and social liberty. LEAST government intervention. o Liberalism = individuals are most important, equal with different skill levels. Belief in both personal and social liberties, opportunity for advancement, and social mobility. Individuals must be given opportunity to achieve a position in society commensurate with their individual capabilities. Positive government action in the economy. Govt. should promote economic security, equal opportunity, social liberty. o Conservatism= individuals are NOT equal; inequality does exist because people’s skills/abilities differ; natural and essential differences. Leaders must look out for less fortunate. Positive government action to support capitalism. Government should promote economic liberty, morality, social order. o Socialism= society is important and individuals are important as a component of the group; belief in total equality (social, political, economic); promotes individual activities that are beneficial to group. Active govt. control of major economic sectors. Government promotes Economic equality & community. o Political LEFT emphasis on liberalism. Political RIGHT emphasis on conservatism.
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