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Drugs and Crime week 4 notes

by: Ryan Desjardins

Drugs and Crime week 4 notes CCJ 3651

Ryan Desjardins

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Covers ch 5 review questions and vocabulary
Drugs and Crime
Mark Feulner
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ryan Desjardins on Wednesday June 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CCJ 3651 at Florida State University taught by Mark Feulner in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Drugs and Crime in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida State University.

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Date Created: 06/01/16
CCJ 3651­ Drugs and Crime Chapter 5 Key Terms Amanita Muscaria­ Hallucinogenic mushroom Amyl Nitrite­ Volatile inhalant muscle relaxant Anesthetics­Agent that causes insensitivity to pain Bad Trip­Slang for negative effects of hallucinogen ingestion Benzodiazepine­Drugs that relieve anxiety or are prescribed as sedatives among the most widely  prescribed medications, including Valium and Librium Cannabinoid Receptors­ Binding site for active ingredients in cannabis  Club Drugs­A term used to characterize psychoactive substances associated with dance parties or raves,  in particular MDMA, known as Ecstasy. Depersonalization­ "Out of body" experiences or misperceptions of reality Dimethyltryptamine­ aka DMT, a hallucinogenic substance that occurs naturally in many plants Dissociative Anesthetic­ Anesthetics that distort perceptions of sight and sound and produce feelings of  detachment. Flashback­ Recurring low intensity trips without having ingested LSD recently Hallucinations­ Perceiving sounds, odors, tactile sensations, or visual images that arise from within the  person, not the environment. Hallucinogen­ Natural or artifical chemicals htat can produce distortions of reality Hashish­ More potent form of marijuana Ketamine­ Surgical anesthetic related to PCP Lysergic Acid Diethylamide­  aka LSD, is a hallucinogen that can be produced artificially or from ergot Marijuana­ Cannabis Marinol (dronabinol)­ Trade name for THC, the active ingredient in marijuana that is used in medicine MDMA (ecstasy)­Designer drug having hallucinogenic and amphetamine like characteristics Mescaline­Hallucinogen found in the peyote cactus Nitrous Oxide­ 'Laughing gas' used as an anesthetic and abused for its intoxicating effects Peace Pill­ Phencyclidine (PCP) Peyote­Cactus plant whose buttons have hallucinogenic properties Phencyclidine (PCP)­ aka Peace Pill, initially developed as a general anesthetic for surgery. Psilocybin­Hallucinogen found in certain mushrooms Psychedelic­Hallucinogen Rave­Late night dance party at which club drugs are often used Rohypnol­ A benzodiazepine (sedative) widely prescribed in Europe but not approved for use in the USA. Better known as roofies. Synesthesia­ "Seeing" sound and "hearing" visual input Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)­Active ingredient in marijuana Toluene­ Ingredient in solvents that causes intoxication when inhaled. Volatile Substances­ Nondrug chemical inhaled for its psychoactive effects Chapter 5 Review Questions 1.How do hallucinogens affect the central nervous system? Hallucinogens excite the CNS, which overwhelms its ability to modulate sensory input. 2.Why can LSD cause a panic reaction? Can cause a panic type reaction when the user fails to comprehend that reality has not actually changed, but what they're seeing and feeling is merely a perception. 3.What determines whether an LSD trip will be a good one or a bad one? The difference between a good and bad LSD trip relies on the users attitude, current mood, expectations, and suggestions and attitudes of those around the user. 4.What are the effects of ingesting phencyclidine (PCP)? PCP can act as a stimulant or a depressant. It induces a feeling of 'flying with angels' and 'everlasting peace'. 5.What are the potential dangers of PCP use? It induces a schizophrenia-like psychosis, which manifests agitation, excitement, mood, disorders, acute anxiety, paranoia, and violent behavior. 6.What are the effects of Ecstasy? Stimulant and hallucinogenic properties 7.What is the connection between raves and Ecstasy? Ecstasy is frequently used at raves 8.What are the dangers of Ecstasy? Large increases in blood pressure, heart rate, and myocardial oxygen consumption that can increase the risk of a cardiovascular catastrophe in people with preexisting heart diseases. Muscle tension, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, feeling faint, tremors, rapid eye movement, and sweating/chills. 9.What is the primary legal use of ketamine? Ketamine is legally used in veterinary medicine to immobilize large cats or monkeys 10.What are the effects of marijuana? Starts off with restlessness, increased sense of well being and gregariousness, followed by a dreamy state of relaxation and frequent hunger. 11.What accounts for the relative mildness of marijuana withdrawal? The very long half life marijuana has. This means it works it way out of the body slowly over many days which obviates severe withdrawal symptoms. 12.What the four categories of inhalants? Volatile solvents, aerosols, anesthetics, and volatile nitrates 13.What are the effects and dangers of inhalant abuse? Effects are similar to those of alcohol-feeling less inhibited, disoriented, and uncoordinated. Dangers of long term use include damage to the organs such as the liver and kidneys and brain, however this is very rare. 14.What explains the popularity of the nonmedical use of prescription drugs? The popularity of these drugs stem from the incorrect perception that these are less dangerous, easier, and cheaper to attain than street drugs. 15.What are neuroenhancers? Neuroenhancers are like the study drugs we see today at universities, including Ritalin, Adderall, etc. 16.Why would high functioning persons use neuroenhancers? Neuroenhancers provide "high functioning, overcommitted people to become higher­functioning and  more overcommitted". They enhance focus and concentration, fight sleepiness, and improve memory.


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