Spanish Panorama Chapter 11.1 Familiar Commands
Spanish Panorama Chapter 11.1 Familiar Commands SPAN1013
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Olsen on Tuesday June 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPAN1013 at University of Cincinnati taught by Brian Hunter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Extended Basic Spanish 3 in Foreign Language at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 06/07/16
Panorama Chapter 11.1 - Familiar Commands The verbs within familiar commands are often called imperatives. These imperatives are conjugated using the tú form Affirmative Commands Affirmative (positive) commands tell someone to do something. Any pronouns (reflexive, indirect, or direct object pronouns) in an affirmative command, follow the verb and are attached to its ending. You conjugate the imperatives (command verbs) using the infinitive's present tense conjugation for the él/ella form. For example: o Hablar (infinitive) = hablas (present él/ella) = habla (affirmative command) Familiar commands keep all present tense stem-changes. For example: o Volver (infinitive) = vuelve (present él/ella with stem-change) = vuelve There are 8 irregular affirmative tú commands: decir di hacer haz ir & ver ve salir sal ser sé tener ten venir ven poner pon Negative This commands tell someone not to do something. Therefore, there is always a "no" before the command. Any pronouns used will go between the "no" and the verb ("No les escribas...") Negative tú commands are conjugated using the present tense yo form (for the correct stem change) and then using the opposite infinitive verb ending in the tú form (An –ar verb would normally end in –as in the present tense tú form, however it ends in –es which is the –er & -ir ending in present tense tú. Therefore, an –er or –ir verb would assume the –ar verb present tense tú ending of –as.) For example: o Hablar (infinitive) = hablo (present yo form) = no hables (negative command) Stem changes in the present tense are honored. For example: o Volver = vuelvo (present yo with stem-change) = no vuelvas Any irregular – yo verbs, maintain their irregularity in the command. For example: o Poner (infinitive) = pong- (irregular yo) = no pongas Any –car, -gar, and –zar verbs have their spelling changes as well. There are 5 irregular negative tú commands: dar No des estar No estés ir No vayas saber No sepas ser No seas