New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psychology 2300: Research Methods Week 1 Notes

by: MadsSwart

Psychology 2300: Research Methods Week 1 Notes Psych 2300

Marketplace > Ohio State University > Psychlogy > Psych 2300 > Psychology 2300 Research Methods Week 1 Notes
GPA 3.54
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Research Methods In Psychology

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Research Methods In Psychology notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

The first day's notes! Covering the following: - Phrenology -Claim vs. Method - What is Psychology compared to other sciences -Scientific Skepticism -Scientific Approach -Empiricism -Theory ...
Research Methods In Psychology
Emanuele Rizzi
Class Notes
Psychology, Phrenology, scientific model, applying evidence, Evidence, Theory, hypothesis, Empiricism, translational, basic, applied, edison, Bohr, pasteur, quadrant, revise, research, Question, Design, gain&losstheory, rationalization, rationalize, parsimony, Ohio, ohiostate, OSU, #maymaystudies, #buckeye, #Psychology, #OSU, #ohiostateuniversity




Popular in Research Methods In Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by MadsSwart on Wednesday June 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2300 at Ohio State University taught by Emanuele Rizzi in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 98 views. For similar materials see Research Methods In Psychology in Psychlogy at Ohio State University.


Reviews for Psychology 2300: Research Methods Week 1 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 06/08/16
Psychology 2300: Research Methods Chapter 1: Psychology is a Way of Thinking Phrenology - Franz joseph gall - Measure head/lumps on head - Understand person’s size of brain/traits/which parts of brain are larger and more prevalent Claim vs. method - Claim: argument you want to find support for - Truth value: not what makes it scientific - False claim: don’t completely negate o Flat earth (astronomy) o Vitalism (chemistry) living things are made up of different compounds than non-living Psych is rigorous study of psychological phenomena - Gathering data to quantify things you can’t see Producers & Consumers of Science & Research - Skills to evaluate theories and make claims with data empiricism - Empiricism: observable by everyone Scientific Skepticism - Is it well supported The Scientific Approach - Empiricists test theories (theory data cycle) - Scientists tackle applied and basic problems - Dig deeper- make it public (publication process - Talk to the world: from journal to journalism Empiricists - Empirical method: evidence from sense or instruments that assist senses - Systematic, rigorous and verifiable Scientists Are Empiricists - Phrenology and brain region specificity Scientists Test Theories - What constitutes a theory - Theories not proven wrong or right - Weight of the evidence Psychology 2300: Research Methods Theory Data Cycle Theory Leads researchers to pose particular… Supporti Research Questions Data ng data Lead to an appropriate… that strength does not en the support Research Design leads to In the context of the design, researchers formulate…ed theories c or Hypotheses improve d Researchers then collect and analyze… c Data Which feeds back into the cycle The Relationship Claim: I am able to study while watching tv Theory: attention can be split without affecting learning Hypothesis: if I asked people to do two different tasks at once, they should be as good at doing it as people who do each task independently. - Find that hypothesis not true o Reformulate theory: attention can be split but it will affect learning. Theory Data Cycle: Attachment Harlow’s Monkeys - Wire mom has milk/Comfortable towel mom does not have milk - Monkey chooses to bee with comfortable mom over food - Showed that child needs mom for more than nourishment; comfort and security connection Theory Data Cycle: Cheating Dr. Arielli - When someone reads something morally founded (such as the Bible, the Torah etc.) before going into the study, they were much less likely to cheat o Does Support Rationalization Theory: How much can I cheat and still live with myself Psychology 2300: Research Methods - When we see a person in ‘our group’ [the group of which we identify] cheating, we are more likely to cheat - People were not sensitive to economic incentives o Getting $.10 or $10 per right question did not increase the likelihood of cheating o Not Support Gain and Loss Theory: If I go out of my way to cheat, and don’t get caught, is it worth money/extra points etc.? If I cheat and get caught is it worth punishment? Good Theory - Supported by data - Falsifiable o Refutable/reversible o New knowledge comes in, and we can change our theory - Parsimony o The simplest solution is probably the best one o More generalizable, and can encompass more people - Weight of Evidence Types of Problems Tackled by Scientists Basic research  translational research  applied research - Basic: Under what conditions do people experience a rubber hand as their own hand - Translational: lessons from rubber hand illusion be applied to design prosthetic hands - Applied: Which prosthetic hand design works best for our clients BOHR: BASIC PASTEUR: TRANSLATIONAL -Atomic structure/ -Use-inspired: use from general knowledge quantum theory -Need specific conditions for mold to form, so -fundamental specific conditions would keep it from knowledge forming. Keeping mold from forming can QUES-Basic research make milk last longer. FUNDAMENTAL UNDERSTANDING EDISON: APPLIED LOW HIGH -Practical inventions -Problem/solution -Basic craft and knowledge available, conduct fundamental research when needed -Solve problem at hand as quickly and efficiently as possible LOW HIGH CONSIDERATION OF USE Basic: team analyzes neurotransmitters in the brain to assess their functional relationship to major depressive disorder Psychology 2300: Research Methods Translational: serotonin drug is investigated in the management of depressed patients when lower levels of this neurotransmitter were found to be related to the disorder Applied: After diagnosing a patient with major depressive disorder, a psychiatrist prescribes a medication containing serotonin re-update inhibitors. Basic: Can a 2 month old infants discern difference between four and six objects? Translational: Social engagement has been linked to lower instances of depression, a new group therapy approach is tested on depressed patients Translational: Children learn languages faster when they are younger; what teaching methods facilitate their learning? Applied: Can a new training program improve free throw shots made by basketball players? Applied: Do neurotransmitter boosting soft drinks really work? Digging Deeper Conclusions in one context need to be explored in other contexts - Andrew Elliott (2007) o Students solving anagrams did worse if their booklet had a red cover o People associate red with negative outcomes; pressure, and reduced performance o What if red wasn’t bad?  Girl in red shirt and girl in blue shirt: going on date, or having interview with  Measured how fast they walked to the end of the hall (where she was waiting)  Those going on a date with the red shirt walked faster because red is associated with fire, passion, and love


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.