Drugs and Violence Week 1.2
Drugs and Violence Week 1.2 50362
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Donielle Rhone on Wednesday June 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 50362 at Middle Tennessee State University taught by John D. Winborn in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Drugs and Violence in Health Education in Health Sciences at Middle Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 06/08/16
Drugs and Violence – 06/02/2016 *drug regulation **Orthodox Jews -use alcohol as a ceremonial substance only and have no issues with substance abuse & alcoholism **work -too busy to use/abuse drugs -drug testing *testing positive leads to immediate termination **punishment -ex: tar and feather *tar and feather those individuals who displayed alcoholism in order to “scare” the rest of the community *the tar was heated and applied to the body with feathers; in order to remove the tar, the skin is removed as well and was extremely painful **Dr. Hamilton Wright, M.D. -Harrison Narcotics Act of 1914 *Wright testified to Congress that “the practice of snuffing cocaine by African Americans leads to the raping of white women” *was genuinely passed out of fear, hatred & racism of Blacks and the Chinese *African Americans were not raping white women; they were being forced to snort cocaine so they’d continuously work for days at a time *Chinese were working while using opium and were able to work extremely efficiently without any pains causing jealousy from the Irish **Volstead Act (1920) -prohibition -learned that if you “regulate” something it leads to the population creating a mass underground method of seeking the substance **Harry Anslinger -served as the first commissioner of the U.S. Treasury Department's Federal Bureau of Narcotics (1930-62) - was a primary crusader in the war against drugs, particularly marijuana -“…most are Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. Their Satanic music, jazz and swing, result from marijuana use. This marijuana causes white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes, entertainers, and any others.” -“Reefer makes darkies think they’re as good as white men…the primary reason to outlaw marijuana is its effect on the degenerate races.” **Boggs Act (1951) -mandatory minimum sentencing for drug crimes -guaranteed jail time **Narcotics Act of 1965 -placed marijuana in the same category as heroine (category I) -punishment for possession of marijuana could serve a sentence of 2-10 years **Nixon campaign -Operation Intercept *placed officials around Mexican border to stop marijuana trafficking -used federal funds to train & equip federal officials -arrests drastically increased & were no longer exclusive to minorities; also included white, middle-class young adults -less than an ounce of weed offenders could be sentenced to 50 years **1970 Controlled Substances Act -reduced harsh punishments for “minor” drugs i.e., marijuana -advantage: the elimination of mandatory law sentencing -disadvantage: the “Schedule of Controlled Substances” list *neglects alcohol, tobacco & caffeine *places the non-abusive marijuana as Schedule I **Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) -Nixon united all of the forces & agencies to work on the war against drugs **Oregon Decriminalization Bill (1973) -Oregon was the first state to decriminalize weed *no one would be arrested or jail sentenced for use or possession of marijuana but given a ticket or citation -by 1976, 10 states had decriminalized marijuana **the Quaalude Affair -government official was found snorting cocaine leading to the end of Pres. Carter’s efforts to decriminalize marijuana nationwide **Anti-Drug Abuse Act (1988) -officers would raid & bust drug dealers and confiscate their property (ex: money, cars, homes, etc.)
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