Test 1 CRJ 230 Trident Tech answers
Test 1 CRJ 230 Trident Tech answers CRJ 230
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This 15 page Class Notes was uploaded by John Beckem on Monday June 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 230 at Trident Technical College taught by Scott in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 554 views.
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Date Created: 06/13/16
Bill Smith says to a police interrogator, "Did I kill Tom Jones? What if I did? You have no proof." Bill Smith's comments are admissions not confessions. True CID officers in Scotland Yard routinely alternate between the uniform division and the detective division. True The probable cause requirement is the most important component to an officer's authority to search and seize. Question options: True False Which site best illustrates the locale of the first professional police forces established in the U.S.? Question options: Abilene, KS Gulfport, MS Boston, MA Virginia City, NV For which of the following purposes does an officer use FI cards? Question options: to record names of potential witnesses in a neighborhood canvass to sketch physical evidence at a crime scene to jot down notes about suspicious persons during a watch to make personal/secretive notes about a case Question 1.34 / 1.34 points 6 Which one of the following statements is true regarding arrests in the United States? Question options: An arrest is not valid unless the officer uses the term "arrest" to the suspect. Making an arrest is a dangerous process for a police officer. Generally, an arrest warrant is not necessary for misdemeanors. Both felony and misdemeanor arrest warrants are authorized for day and night service. Question 1.34 / 1.34 7 points The indifferent style of interrogation suggests that the investigator would rather see the suspect punished severely by the court rather than give him or her the opportunity to gain leniency through cooperation. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 8 points Which of the following is an interrogation style of interrogation in which an investigator attempts to give the suspect a rationale to justify his or her participation in the crime? Question options: accusatory facesaving egotistical indifferent Question 1.34 / 1.34 10 points The Sherlock Holmes novels replicate the real world of criminal investigation and are particularly useful in allowing readers to understand the criminal mind. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 11 points friction ridges.rint results when a finger presses against plastic material and leaves a negative impression of Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 12 points In general, officers are permitted to conduct a protective search or sweep of the premises when they have reasonable grounds to believe that a person within the premises is in immediate need of assistance or ________. Question options: an unusual odor surrounding the crime scene is present a perpetrator is present the premises is privately owned a search of the premises may result in a felony arrest Question 13 1.34 / 1.34 points Which is the best example of a prejudicial photo? Question options: a photo of a body with chalk marks around it a color photo of blood stains on a wall an arrest photo of the suspect showing him dirty and unkempt a photo of the murder weapon, taken at the scene Question 1.34 / 1.34 14 points An officer finding a body at a crime scene must make a precursory determination of the cause of death or injury. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 15 points Which of the following best describes the results of the Christopher Commission? Question options: guidelines that police are to exercise the minimum amount of force necessary to control a suspect definitions of the term arrest recommendations for offduty officers who witness a crime in commission descriptions of the "deadly force triangle" Question 1.34 / 1.34 17 points Which of the following is a goal of an investigative interview? Question options: to obtain an admission of guilt from the suspect to obtain information through a formal and nonaccusatory conversation to obtain information through the imposition of restrictions on physical behavior to obtain information through a rather informal and accusatory conversation Question 1.34 / 1.34 18 points Officer Reynolds makes several comments that downplay Sheila Minor's own involvement in the crime. Officer Reynolds is employing the face-saving approach. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 19 points Which of the following is a procedure established to study human blood stains and distinguish them from the blood of most other animals? Question options: toxicology odontology cryptanalysis serology Question 1.34 / 1.34 20 points Which Supreme Court case redefined the "fleeing felon rule"? Question options: Riverside v. McLaughlin Tennessee v. Garner Draper v. United States Graham v. Connor Question 1.34 / 1.34 points 21 Raul Harrington's confession was ruled inadmissible by a court of law because he had been deprived of food and water for many hours before confessing. Which of the following methods best describes his treatment? Question options: constraint arraignment duress coerced internalization Question 1.34 / 1.34 23 points Why should entries into crime scenes be conducted only when necessary? Question options: to avoid causing inconvenience to bystanders to minimize the work of responding officers who note and record any alterations that may have occurred to provide defense attorneys with a basis for discrediting the investigators to avoid the destruction or contamination of important evidence Question 1.34 / 1.34 24 points Photos frequently convey information more accurately than does an officer's verbal explanation. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 25 points Which U.S. Supreme Court interpretations are exceptions to the exclusionary rule? I. Good faith III. Inevitable discovery IV. Computer errors Question options: II, III I, III, IV I, IV I, II, III, IV Question 1.34 / 1.34 26 points Which of the following are the two major methods of fingerprint preservation? Question options: coloring and burning marking and tampering staining and processing photographing and lifting Which of the following is the best example of a questioned document? Question options: a list of physical evidence from a crime scene a DNA report by the crime lab analyst a handwritten note from a murder suspect a facial composite by a police artist Question 1.34 / 1.34 29 points Which are objectives of criminal investigation? I. Recover stolen property II. Preserve evidence in crimes III. Prepare criminal cases for prosecution Question options: I, III I, II II, III I, II, III Question 1.34 / 1.34 30 points Which is the best interpretation of the 1991 Acevedo case? Question options: Items that fall in the plain view of a lawfully present police officer may be seized and used as evidence in court. An officer may not search a vehicle without a search warrant. Officers may not move any item to get a better view of evidence otherwise hidden from view. An officer who has probable cause to believe that a container in a vehicle holds contraband may open the container and seize the contraband. Question 1.34 / 1.34 31 points A written statement of a confession must be written directly by the suspect to have any weight in court. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 32 points A BOLO is closely associated with the practice of issuing a flash description. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 33 points Which is the best usage of a close-up photo? Question options: conducting surveillance getting a picture of a getaway car noting bullet holes in a wall documenting interviews Question 34 1.34 / 1.34 points When a police officer is compelled to use force, which standard or standards will courts use when determining whether such force was reasonable? I. "Standing in your shoes" II. "The actions of a reasonable officer" III. "Triangle of deadly force" Question options: I only I and II II, III I, II, III Question 1.34 / 1.34 35 points Under which U.S. Amendment, passed in 1868, are citizens guaranteed the following three classes of rights? 1. Privileges and immunities of citizens of the United States 2. Due process of law 3. Equal protection under the law Question options: the Fourth Amendment the Fifteenth Amendment the Fourteenth Amendment the First Amendment Question 1.34 / 1.34 37 points Which of the following processes of taking fingerprints involves the development of prints by using amino acids resulting from perspiration? Question options: superglue fuming ninhydrin iodine silver nitrate solution Question 1.34 / 1.34 38 points Which of the following physiological indices does a polygraph NOT measure? Question options: voice microtremors heart rate respiration skin conductivity Question 1.34 / 1.34 39 points Even if the perpetrator is at the scene and probable cause for arrest exists, the responding officers should avoid contaminating the crime scene by waiting until the perpetrator leaves the crime scene in order to make an arrest. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 40 points Which of the following sources of evidence is most fragile and should be collected first? Question options: testimonies hair blood fingerprints Question 1.34 / 1.34 41 points A police force that adopts the recommendations of the PERF study would direct officers to make greater efforts to canvass the neighborhood in locating witnesses to a crime. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 42 points Which of the following is NOT one of the types of information required in the profiling technique? Question options: evidence against suspect neighborhood information medical examiner's report background of victim Question 1.34 / 1.34 43 points most likely follow in the future?s adopted the guidelines set forth in the RAND study. Which action will it Question options: Reduce waste and mismanagement of funds. Coordinate more closely with the prosecutor's office. Rely more on victim information in identifying suspects. Extend the investigative period in routine cases to 57 days. Question 1.34 / 1.34 44 points In a burglary case, the search for fingerprints should begin at the object of attack, such as the safe, to determine whether or not the suspect?s hands were protected. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 45 points responses to the drug problem.cutes drug offenders in his town. His actions are an example of proactive Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 46 points Interrogations should be handled by a team of four officers: one who conducts the questioning procedure, and three others who act as witnesses and encourage the suspect to speak. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 47 points Officer Peters is about to interview a victim and must prepare several questions. Which of the following types of questions should he rely on most to force the interviewee to relate to the statement? Question options: leading questions hypothetical questions closedended questions openended questions Question 1.34 / 1.34 48 points For which purpose will an officer most likely broadcast a flash description? Question options: to enable other officers to quickly apprehend a suspect still in the vicinity to alert medical emergency personnel of an injured person to warn passersby to avoid a recent crime scene to record the names and addresses of potential witnesses to a crime Question 1.34 / 1.34 points 49 Typically, crime scene photographers should take between 25 and 50 photos, depending on the nature and complexity of the crime. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 52 points If possible, the photographs used in a photo lineup should be preserved for future reference. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 53 points Fingerprints may be categorized into only two large general groups of patterns: the arch and the loop. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 54 points Sources of DNA do not include bone, hair, or urine. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 57 points In the entire history of fingerprint analysis, no two identical fingerprints have been found. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 58 points Scotland Yard is responsible for which of the following? Question options: using uniformed officers protecting important persons seeking additional witnesses calling in military intelligence Question 1.34 / 1.34 59 points Which of the following is NOT a task required of the follow-up investigator? Question options: analyzing reports of officers conducting the preliminary phases of the investigation organizing police actions, such as neighborhood canvassing, raids, and search warrants conducting a body cavity search on the suspect checking police intelligence files to develop potential suspects Question 1.34 / 1.34 60 points Stansbury v. California established the "free to leave" limits of an arrest. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 points 61 Which of the following is false about crime scene photographs? Question options: They provide easy storage and retrieval of data on the crime scene. They remove many inferences by practically placing the judge and jury at the crime scene. They give the investigator a source of reference as to the location of evidence at the scene. They show true or actual distances with minimal mechanical errors and color disruptions. Question 1.34 / 1.34 62 points Richard Franks uses an IdentiKit in his job with the New York City Police Department. Which of the following is his most likely designation? Question options: fingerprint collector DNA analyst police artist handwriting analyst Question 1.34 / 1.34 63 points Which of the following is the best interpretation of the Frye standard? Question options: New scientific evidence is held to a higher standard because of its recent discovery. Unusual scientific evidence can be considered admissible only when three expert witnesses verify its validity. Unusual scientific evidence must be proven relevant and legally obtained before it can be considered admissible in court. New scientific evidence may be used in court only when it has gained general acceptance in the scientific community. Question 1.34 / 1.34 64 points In the United States, police forces usually blur the lines between order maintenance and crime investigation. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 66 points The CYMBL rule applies to guidelines that officers should follow in securing a crime scene. True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 67 points Electronic surveillance is similar to DNA and fingerprints because it isn't readily visible to the human eye under normal conditions. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 68 points Law enforcement tactics that place undue pressure on suspects to "cooperate" sometimes induce innocent people to confess to crimes they did not commit. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 69 points Which of the following best illustrates the Bertillon system of criminal identification? Question options: having victims identify a suspect from a lineup of several similar people recruiting informants from the riffraff of the streets to zero in on criminals collecting blood samples from underneath a victim's fingernails matching the shape of the ears and skeletal size to a particular suspect Question 1.34 / 1.34 70 points If it appears that evidence will be altered, lost, or destroyed, the evidence should be collected by responding officers. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 71 points For a consent search to be valid, the police officer does not have to advise the suspect of his or her Mirandarights. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 73 points What does the following scenario illustrate? stopped by a police officer and is asked questions about his activities the night before. Monroe believes that he cannot leave; thus, he stays and answers the officer's questions. Question options: an arrest a consensual encounter a contact an investigative detention Question 1.34 / 1.34 74 points Officers arriving at a crime scene must attend to any injured party unless a life-threatening situation or other exigent circumstance exists. Question options: True False Question 1.34 / 1.34 75 points The Supreme Court ruled in the Terry case that the practice known as "stop and frisk" is invalid unless the officer has probable cause to believe a crime has been committed. Question options: True False
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