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American National Government - Chapter 2

by: Tina Ta

American National Government - Chapter 2 PS 1113

Marketplace > East Mississippi Community College > Politic Science > PS 1113 > American National Government Chapter 2
Tina Ta

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Feel free to have it!!! Study carefully and this will be on the test!!!!
American Government
David Litton
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tina Ta on Monday June 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 1113 at East Mississippi Community College taught by David Litton in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see American Government in Politic Science at East Mississippi Community College.


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Date Created: 06/13/16
LECTURE SUPPLEMENT Supplemental Notes for Chapter Two People who were delegates to the Constitutional Convention brought with them their  political culture and their political experience.  Americans had developed a political  philosophy about how people should be governed.  To understand the constitution we  need to understand the events that happened before the constitution was written.   As people began to try to settle in this part of the world, they sought certain freedoms and for the most part were granted a great deal of freedom, due primarily to the distance  between the New World and Great Britian.  An early example of this freedom was when  the colony at Jamestown Virginia was established.  The King of England gave these early colonists the authority to make laws.  The colonists instituted a representative assembly. Yet another example of these freedoms came about when the Pilgrims settled in New  England.  Because of their desire for some type of government while outside the  jurisdiction of England, the male colonists signed the Mayflower Compact.  The  Mayflower Compact's historical and political significance is that it served as a prototype for similar compacts and that it depended on the consent of the individuals involved. In theory, the colonies were under the jurisdiction of England, however the colonies were so far away from England in reality they governed themselves.  This became more and  more irritating for England and in an effort to exercise some control over the colonies,  restrictions in the form of laws and tariffs were placed on the colonies.  These restrictions st led to the meeting of the 1  Continental Congress. 1  Continental Congress ­ There was little talk of independence, Congress passed a  resolution requesting colonies send a petition to King George of England expressing their grievances.  The British government treated this as an open act of rebellion.   2  Continental Congress ­ Fighting between the colonists and British troops had  already begun.  There still was an attempt at a peaceful resolution, however, one of the  main actions of the 2  Continental Congress was to establish an army.  There was much  public debate over the issue of independence and a document written by Thomas Paine  called Common Sense became very influential in support of independence. The 2nd Continental Congress voted on 4/6/1776 for free trade for all American ports for  all countries except England.  This act could have been interpreted as an implicit  declaration of independence.  On July 2, 1776, a Resolution  of Independence was  adopted and on July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was signed.  The  Resolution and Declaration of Independence were necessary to establish the legitimacy of the new nation.              By June 1776, Thomas Jefferson was writing drafts of the Declaration of Independence.   The most revolutionary concept in the declaration was that people have natural rights  (unalienable rights) and governments were established to secure their rights and  governments derive their rights from the consent of the governed.    Fear of a powerful central government led to the Articles of Confederation.  Confederation means a voluntary association of states.  Look on p. 38 to see strengths  and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.  Note that for every power Congress  had under the articles of Confederation it had an equal or greater weakness. Under the Articles of Confederation, the economy was in shambles.  Prisons were packed with farmers who owed debts.  In August 1786, Daniel Shays led a rebellion that seized  courthouses and disrupted trials.  Eventually Shays' rebellion was controlled, but it  showed that the Articles of Confederation could not provide the type of government that  would ensure the growth of the nation. Philadelphia Convention  Elements of  the Virginia Plan Elements of the New Jersey Plan Elements of the Great Compromise Three­Fifths Compromise Separation of Powers Madisonian Model Checks and balances Federalists ­ supported the passage of the Constitution Anti­federalists ­ were against the passage of the Constitution The Constitution would not have been ratified in several important states if the  Federalists had not assured the states that amendments to the Constitution would be  passed to protect individual liberties against incursions by the national government.  This  was accomplished with the passage of the Bill of Rights, which is the name given to the  first ten amendments to the Constitution  These amendments limited the powers of the  national government in regard to the rights and liberties of individuals. Formal and Informal ways to amendment to the Constitution               


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