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Chapter 3 PS1113

by: Tina Ta

Chapter 3 PS1113 PS 1113

Tina Ta

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Feel free to have it!!! Study carefully and this will be on the test!!!!
American Government
David Litton
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tina Ta on Monday June 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 1113 at East Mississippi Community College taught by David Litton in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see American Government in Politic Science at East Mississippi Community College.


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Date Created: 06/13/16
LECTURE SUPPLEMENT Supplemental Notes for Chapter Three Examples of relations between the central government and lower governmental units. Unitary  System ­ Power resides at the federal level Confederal System ­ Only power the federal government has is that which is given to it  by the state governments  Federal System ­ power is shared at the federal level and lower subdivisions  governments Reasons why the United States developed a federal system of government Common Problems Size and Regional Isolation Sectionalism and Political Subculture Advantages of federalism:  Federalism allows for many functions to be farmed out by the central government to the states. The size of the nation makes it impractical to locate all  authority in one place.  Strong regional differences within a nation can be partly diffused  by a federal arrangement of political power.  Federalism allows people to have more  access to the government than they would in a strong central government. A major disadvantage of federalism is that local governments can impede or be slow to  implement federal plans.  The Constitution sets out different types of powers.  1) Powers of the national  government  2) Powers of the states  3) Prohibited Powers  (p. 86 figure 3­2) Powers of the federal government fall into two categories 1) enumerated ­ those  specifically mentioned in the constitution and 2) implied ­ these powers are based on  Article I, Section 8, which is also known as the elastic clause or the necessary and proper  clause, which gives Congress the power to do whatever is necessary to execute its  powers. Concurrent Powers ­ Powers held jointly by the national and state governments Supremacy Clause  ­ The constitutional provision that makes the Constitution and  federal laws superior to all conflicting state and local laws. Horizontal Federalism ­ activities, problems and policies that require state governments  to interact with one another Three examples of horizontal federalism 1) full faith and credit 2) privileges and  immunities 3) Extradition Examples of Federal Supremacy 1) McCulloch v Maryland  2) Gibbons v Ogden 3) Civil  War Block Grants Dual Federalism Federal Mandates                     


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