English research paper
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Neha Bhagirath on Wednesday June 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Eng1020 at Wayne State University taught by Dr. Reeder in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro to college writing in Foreign Language at Wayne State University.
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Date Created: 06/15/16
Bhagirath 1 Neha Bhagirath Ms. Tori Reeder ENG 1020 June 1, 2016 How Does A Vegan Diet Affect Health? The topic I will be research is how a vegan diet affects one’s body over a long period of time. To be considered “vegan,” an individual restricts the intake of animal byproducts, such as eggs, meat, and dairy. In my research proposal, I will discuss how one can obtain all the required vitamins and minerals needed and which vitamin deficiencies are common for vegans, how the food eaten affects one externally, and how it can affect cells. It is personal motivation that brings me to research this topic because I try to maintain a diet similar to this, and attempt to promote it through a website that I own as well. I am asked many times by others what the health benefits are on a vegan diet as compared to other diets, and I would like to inform myself so I can inform others better as well. My audience is anyone who is interested in potentially eating better for their health, as most people are. Vegan diets, which also encompass raw diets in which one does not eat cooked food, have long been touted as the healthiest way of eating, but doing the research about it will help to understand the reasons why this is sai.ources of information could be library databases and online articles in magazines or news. I am currently not completely informed about the topic I am aware of the vitamins and minerals that are found in vegan foods, and those that would need to be supplemented, as well as what foods would provide one with proper nutrients. I can also discuss the external effects of eating vegan, as they happened to me when I changed my diet to eat this way, such as clearing skin problems. This could fall under the “cause” type of argument an “if then” statement, such as “if one adopts a vegan diet, it will affect their health.” Bhagirath 2 The first question I was looking to answer was how one can obtain all the required nutrients that the body needs, on a vegan diethe first article I found was titled “Vitamin B12, Angelina Jolie, And The Vegan Diet.” I searched “vegan diets” on the Wayne State Proquest Database. This was originally published as a blog post, and discussed how Angelina Jolie had severe malnutrition due to her following a vegan diet in earlier years. This led to a discussion about how Vitamin B12 is not present in plant based foods, and is found in the intestinal tracts of animals as a bacteria, which is why we need to either supplement, or eat some animal products, such as dairy, in order to receive the vitamin. It is critical to bone marrow function and prevention of heart disease, stroke, and dementia. Another article, titled “The Vegan Myth,” backs up the claim that Vitamin B12, omega3 fatty acids, iron, zinc, calcium, and vitamin D essential for strong bones, oxygen supply, and strong immunity. A third study titled ‘Dietary intakes and lifestyle factors of a vegan population in Germany,” showed that vegans could improve on their intakes of calcium and iodine were low, because calcium maintains strong bones and iodine makes thyroid hormones which control brain development. Iron could be found in foods such as collard greens, blackstrap molasses, and tofu; iodine in cranberries, navy beans, and strawberries. Vegans should consider taking supplements that contain those vitamins, if they feel they do not obtain enough of the nutrients in their daily intake. Many vegans were also underweight, due to possibly eating lower calories in plant based food. The second question I wanted to research more about was how the food eaten on a vegan diet affects one’s body externallyThe first place I looked to answer this was the Wayne State Library database on Proquest. I typed in “effects of a vegan diet,” into the search bar, and an article titled “Thumbs Up for the Vegan Diet,” popped up. Once I was on the page, it stated that the article was not available currently, and I would receive it within several days if requested. This was not efficient because I needed a reviewed, credible, and readily Bhagirath 3 available article to read. This caused me to move on to another source. I found “Vegan Diet: the Foundation of Youth?” published 2009 next, assuming that it would have researched reasons as to how this diet would help one externally, and keep the appearance of youth. When I clicked to see the full text, it stated an abstract, which covered the meaning of this article. It was an investigation of “whether calorie restriction could extend the lives of individuals,” and had somehow intertwined that vegans had fewer aging hormones. This was not what I was looking for, so I passed this as well. Even if the article had relevant information, it was only a one page abstract that was available to readers, so would not have provided enough credible material regardless.I finally found an article tt vegan diet can lower weight, health risks,” and this one was set up in a QuestionandAnswer type of way, where there were different inquiries, and they were answered by the same individual. One of the questions asked “Why don't I ever see anything about the benefits of vegan diets in relation to heart disease and cancer?” The answer examined how Bill Clinton had switched to a vegan diet and had lost weight, attributing this to the fact that this was due to the options of vegan food; undeniably, there would be more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, and nuts than there would be in an omnivorous diet. One aspect of my question was answered from there that vegan diets potentially cause weight loss. This is also backed up by the study mentioned above‘Dietary intakes and lifestyle factors of a vegan population in Germany.” One of the findings exhibited that many vegans were also underweight, due to possibly eating lower calories in plant based food. The third question I was looking to answer was how eating vegan affects the cells in the body, and the changes on a biological level. I attempted to find arn the Wayne State Proquest Database that discussed the effects of risk of disease, because that would have to do with the small scale biological changes made by eating the foods one doehe first article I discovered was “A LowFat Vegan Diet Improves Glycemic Control and Cardiovascular Risk Bhagirath 4 Factors in a Randomized Clinical Trial in Individuals With Type 2 DiabetesThis could potentially be helpful in answering my question because improving glycemic control and lowering cardiovascular risk, albeit only testing in diabetes patients, could show one of the effects of the diet on a cellular scale. However, I did not use this article because it was touting the effects of a low fat vegan diet. I was attempting to find the effects of just a vegan diet, but not a vegan diet synergized with low fat, because that may change the results, such as the effects found could be attributed to the low fat diet instead of purely the vegan diet. Closing this article, I continued my search. A similar study found was “Effects of a lowfat vegan diet and a Step II diet on macro and micronutrient intakes in overweight postmenopausal women.” This was again testing a low fat diet combined with veganism, and also only testing on overweight postmenopausal women. If the effects of eating vegan could change something in this group of people tested, it may not have the same effect on a regular person, as this group of patients were specifically overweight, postmenopausal, and eating low fat. The third article that I found, which seemed like it could be helpful in answering my question, was “2 Million Children (1219) Are PreDiabetic, Vegan Diet Helpful.” Although this was only tested in children, it did not restrict the testing group to only patients at a specific weight, or only to patients eating a low carb, low fat, gluten free, or other restricted diet combined with veganism. This article stated that a recent study had shown vegan diets to treat Type 2 diabetes better than any other diet, but did not specify any more credibility or specificity. It then went on to discuss well known actors who had adopted this lifestyle, and ways in which they promoted it. I realized that this was irrelevant to my topic of discussion, so again it was unhelpful. The last article I found that was not used in my research was “Fight prostate cancer with high fiber vegan diet.” I could not use this because it combined veganism with high fiber, and even though it alleges that prostate cancer could be somewhat combatted with veganism, which is related to my topic of internal biological cell Bhagirath 5 changes, the high fiber may be partially responsible for the changes seen, which is not what I was researching. After these four articles, I finally found one titled “A vegan diet can lower weight, health risks.” This seemed like a relevant article, due to the title not being very specific, such as high fiber, low carb, or low fat. This was generalized, and exactly what I was looking for. Better yet, it did not state in the title that it restricted the patient testing group to only kids, adults, overweight patients, or those with diabetes, for example. I used this to answer one of my previous questions above, and in fact, there was no patient testing done. The same question that was asked earlier about “Why don't I ever see anything about the benefits of vegan diets in relation to heart disease and cancer?” had an answer that was of value to me. It stated how Bill Clinton had lost weight on a vegan diet, but went on to say that since vegans ate no animal products, it made for a very low fat, heart friendly diet, A consequence of this was low cholesterol, maintained blood pressure, and a lowered risk of heart disease and some cancers. After finishing this research, I can argue from the information I obtained from various sources that a vegan diet will affect the health for the better. I intend to discuss these fully and in depth in my research article. I will extrapolate on three areas: exactly how one can obtain all the required vitamins and minerals on a vegan diet, which can be done by eating myriad types of food, leaning towards greens, beans, and berries from what I found, and vitamin B12 being on the low side for vegans; how it affects one externally, and one aspect I found is that it potentially causes weight loss; and how it can affect the body on a cellular level, with my findings displaying that lowered cholesterol and heart disease were causes of this eating change. Bhagirath 6 Works Cited A. Waldmann, and J W Koschizke. "Dietary Intakes and Lifestyle Factors of a Vegan Population in Germany." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Nature Publishing Group, Aug. 2003. Web. 10 June 2016. Marie Claire. "The Vegan Myth." N.p., Aug. 2012. Web. 10 June 2016. Michael Roizen. "A Vegan Diet Can Lower Weight, Health Risks." G eneral Interest Periodicals . Telegraph Herald, 28 Nov. 2010. Web. 12 June 2016. Stuart Seale. "Vitamin B12, Angelina Jolie, And The Vegan Diet." B asil and Spice. N.p., 12 Sept. 2010. Web. 10 June 2016. Bhagirath 7