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Week 7 Ch 7 Drugs and Crime

by: Ryan Desjardins

Week 7 Ch 7 Drugs and Crime CCJ 3651

Ryan Desjardins

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About this Document

Covers vocabulary terms and review questions in chapter 7 of Abadinsky
Drugs and Crime
Mark Feulner
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ryan Desjardins on Tuesday June 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CCJ 3651 at Florida State University taught by Mark Feulner in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Drugs and Crime in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida State University.

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Date Created: 06/21/16
CCJ 3651­Drugs and Crime Chapter 7 Key Terms Affective Model­ Broad approach to drug abuse prevention that emphasizes the judgment and  social skills that are necessary to avoid substance abuse. Al­Anon­ Mutual self help organization for the families of alcoholics affiliated with AA. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)­ Original 12 step mutual self help organization Antabuse­A drug that produces unpleasant reaction when used with alcohol Behavior Modification­ Treatment approach based on learning theory Buprenorphine­Drug that blocks the action of opiates by occupying their receptor sites Cold Turkey­ Slang term for giving up drug use without use of chemicals Detoxification­ Process of allowing the body to rid itself of a drug while managing the symptoms of withdrawal Drug Court­ A nonadversarial approach to integrating substance abuse treatment with criminal  justice case processing Methadone­ Opiate agonist used to treat heroin addiction Minnesota Model­ Private inpatient treatment using a 12 step approach Naloxone­ Short acting opiate antagonist used to test for opioid dependence and counter opioid  overdose. Psychotherapy – Talk based treatment Remission­ Absence of symptoms even though the underlying condition has not been cured Social Influence Model­ Making students aware of the social pressures they are likely to encounter and teaching skills that promote refusal Therapeutic Community­ Residential drug treatment program based on AA emphasizing addicts  helping one another to become socially conforming persons. Twelve Steps of Recovery­ Principles on which Alcoholics Anonymous and similar programs are  based Review Questions 1.How can there be a correlation between several risk factors and problematic drug use without these  risk factors being the cause of problematic drug use? The risk factors may be similar between multiple drugs, but they are not causal. 2.What are the three models that dominate school age antidrug programs? The Information model, the Affective model, and the Social Influence Approach 3.How do these models differ? The Information model seeks to educate young children about the dangers of drug use, the Affective model  emphasizes the judgement and social skills necessary to avoid substance abuse, and the Social Influence  Approach prepares students to deal with social pressures they are likely to encounter and teaches skills that  promote drug refusal. 4.How can the information model result in an increase in drug use? Drug lectures often contain so much misinformation or exaggeration that they raise students' skepticism and jeopardize all drug education efforts. 6.How is the Affective Model implemented? It is implemented in Reconnecting Youth, a peer group approach 11.What are the dangers of drug education that focuses on the dangers of drug use? Drug education can play a role in reducing drug related harm rather than preventing drug use 12.What has research revealed on the effectiveness of drug prevention programs? Even the best prevention programs have only modest effects on actual behavior, and many have no effect at  all on drug use. 13.What are the problems of drug testing? Drug testing can reveal use, but not impairment. 16.What are the three standard components of contemporary treatment? Screening, diagnosis, and treatment 17.What is the purpose of using opiate antagonists? Opiate antagonists defeats the effects of opiates by occupying their receptor sites in the brain and displaces  any agonists that are present. 18.How are heroin agonists used in drug treatment? Heroin addicts are switched to methadone and then doses are lowered until the addict is drug free 19.How is methadone used in the heroin detoxification process? Used to treat addicts because it Iis legal and safer than heroin. 22.Why is it difficult to use behavior modification to treat drug dependant persons? The key for behavior modification is finding reinforcers that can successfully compete with drugs, and with  dependent persons that is difficult. 23.How is the application of aversive stimulation used to treat drug users? Aversive stimulation is applied to shape behavior, therefore allowing behavior modification 25.What is motivational interviewing? A method that involves the conscious and disciplined use of specific communication principles and  strategies to evoke the person's own motivations for change 26.What is the premise upon which drug courts operate? Premised on the idea that legal coercion to enter drug treatment is an effective means of achieving the  benefits associated with treatment programs.r drug treatment is 27.What are the criticisms of drug courts? That person's without serious dependency looking to avoid incarceration are sent there. 28.What is the therapeutic community? A general term for residential, self help, drug free treatment programs that have adopted from AA 29.What are the criticisms of chemical dependency programs? That CD after care services are typically meager, and that some inpatient CD programs are based on  financial status rather than on matching patient needs and program resources. 30.Why has research into TC effectiveness been inconclusive? Because evaluating these drug treatments require a comparison with a similar population that is not being treated or with other programs treating similar populations.


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