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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Hutchinson on Sunday June 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to RLST 105 at Towson University taught by Emily J. Bailey in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro to the study of religion in PHIL-Philosophy at Towson University.
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Date Created: 06/26/16
Buddha taught about human suffering and its cure. Liberation depends on willingness to dispel of earthy pleasures. Do not think that Buddha is a god and do not think that worship it vital for acieving nirvana. Spread from india(origin) to asia and west. Life of the Buddha Means awakened one Son of a weathly landowner live in himilayas Original name was Siddhartha which means wish fulfiller Conceived without sex o White elephant carrying a lotus flower entered his mother’s womb during a dream, o Picked to be reborn to help all things suffering Had all of the finest bc wealthy Father shielded him from facts about suffering and death God’s arrqanged 4 sights o Bent old woman suffering from old age o Horrible sickness o Dead person o Wondering monk seeking pirutal enlightenment instead of happiness. Buddah saw that life’s pleasures were temporary Resorted to extreme self denial retreats. o Discovered that tourturing himself was just as bad as selfindulgence. The middle way: rejected both se;findulgence and selfdenial. After he became enlightened, people said that he was like a ray of light and people became like him just from meeting. Sangha: monastic order that developed from his teachings. The Dharma: Worshiping and depending on god is not the purpose of buddism Believe enlightenment can be achieved through a life of meditationa and worship takes away from that. Nirvana: spiritual liberation 4 noble truths: o All life is suffering o The cause of suffering is desire o To eliminate suffering, one must eliminate desire o The noble eightfold path is the way to eliminate desire. Joys we experience now are fletting. Suffering is the product of people naturally wanting things to stay the same. The noble Eightfold path: a religious devotion that involves dedication to morality, concentration, and wisdom; may take lifetimes Nonvirtutous actions can be avoided so that one can maintain good karma, achieve a favorable rebirth towards the path of enlightenment to escape samsara and achieve nirvana. 1 : right understanding o Casting off illusions such as the belief that love is permanent or that wealth will make you ahppy. 2 : right thought o Uncovering of unwholesome emotional bias rd o Casting out emotional blockages towards enlightenment 3 : right speech o Words should only be used in a positive way o Truth and harmony th 4 : right action o Avoid destroying life o Refrain from stealing o Never engage in sexual misconduct o Refrain from lying o Abstain from any kind of intoxicant 5 : right livelihood o One’s way of making a life is for survival and not to obtain pleasures. 6 : right effort o Extreme dedication to enlightenment o Cut out unwholesome behavior 7 : right mindfulness o Disciplining the mind th 8 : right mediation o Mandatory meditation quites the mind and liberates the ego. Evil is due to the ignorance of good. CONCEPTS OF SAMSARA AND NIRVANA IN BUDDHISM AND HINDUISM Similarities o emphazise the cycle of birth, death and rebirth o reincarnation not necessarily back to human form. o Reincarnation hingeds on karma and enlightenment Differences o Buddism: the self is an illusion and cannot be reborn, only the soul o Buddhists view all life (and all reincarnated lives) as leading inexorably to suffering. o Buddhists do not believe that we have to be reincarnated back to one world. 31 planes of existence The spread of Buddhism: Theravada Buddhism: way of the elders o Dominant in Thailand, shri lanka, Thailand and laos Mahayana Buddihsm: great vehicle o China, korea, Nepal and Tibet Mediation and Zen Theravada: trieds to keep intatct what is thought to be the buddhas original teachings abgout meditation tequinques Samatha: calm Vispassana: insight Zen Buddhist o Developed in japan o Meditate with the direct purpose of gaining direct insight to one’s own mind. o Ex. Breathing in and out until the only thought in your mind is breathing. o Goal is to obtain absolute freedom of mind. o Original mind after meditation appears as spacious and unfettered What remains is insight to the true nature of all things Actions outside of meditation becomes spontantoues and natural o Flash of insight : satori Epiphany that all things are related, beautiful, empty and ordinary o Hacceitties: everyday objects are amazing but nothing special about them. Haiku is used to capture this thusness or thisness “In William’s poem, as in Basho’s haiku, the seemingly contradictory message of the ordinary as magnificentyetstillordinary shines through. As the Zen Buddhist would say, this paradox cannot be grasped intellectually, but can only be realized through direct intuitive awareness.” All forms of mediation entail a focus on breathing and on ones inner nature as a means of clearing the mind. Its hard to calm the mind because one is suppose to simply take notes on a thought, not let it overcome them. Buddhism today practitioners of Theravada Buddhism in Southeast Asia are likely to treat Buddha as if he were a God. o Many relgions decide what to take and leave out when branching out from the original. o the practice of appealing to the compassion and wisdom of Buddha is central to Buddhism. Vesak: Honoring the birth, death and enlightenment of Buddha o Reaffirming ones commitment to the goals of life Bodhisattvas: wise individuals dedicated to helping other achieve enlightenment
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