Bio 137 Anatomy & Physiology I
Bio 137 Anatomy & Physiology I Biology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by NYC Notetaker on Monday June 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Biology at Long Island University taught by DR in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Anatomy and Physiology in Science at Long Island University.
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Date Created: 06/27/16
Notes: Anatomy: Study of structure of the body Gross anatomy: Study of large structures Microscopic: Study of small structure Histology: Study of a tissue Cytology: Study of a cell Embryology: Study of the developing embryo Physiology: Study of function of structure Level of organization 1. Chemical level: ions, atoms molecules, ionic compound, organelles 2. Cellular level cell composed of multitudes ( billions) of molecules, ions, ionic compound Red blood cell: contains more than 1 billion O2 molecules 3. Tissue level: group of related cells by structure and function. 4 Basic tissue types Epithelial tissue Connective tissue Muscle tissue Nerves tissue 4. Organ level: Organs_ gross structure composed of several tissue types and has a blood and also nerves supply. Most organs contains all 4 tissues type 5. Organ system level: Group of organs and related by similar function. There are 11 organ systems. 6. Organism level: Organism = whole human 11 Organs system: 1. Integumentary system : hair, skin, nails and glands ( sweat and oil) 2. Nervous system: brain, spinal cord, figures, throughout body and controls all organs system. 3. Respiratory system: lungs, airways, nasal cavity, pharym lungs, larynx , trachea and diaphragm 4. Cardiovascular system: heart, blood vessels and blood. 5. Skeletal system: bone 6. Muscular system: 3 types of muscles a) Skeletal muscles : move bones b) Cardiac muscle: wall of the heart c) Smooth muscle: wall of hollow organs 7. Digestive system: GI tracts, oral cavity, pharym, esophagus, stomach, intestines, accessory organ, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, tongue 8. Urinary system: kidney, urinary bladders , urethra 9. Endocrine system; hormones and glands 10.Reproductive system: female ovaries and uterus. Male testis and prostate gland 11.Lymphatic system: immune system function. Spleen, tonsil Anatomic position : Reference position of a body, Front view of a body Arms at side, Palms facing forward and Thumbs pointing out to the side Level of organization: Anterior ventral: Front the heart is anterior to the spinal column Posterior dorsal: Back, in back of, The spinal column is posterior to the heart Superior: Above on top of, The heart is superior to the stomach Interior: Below, under, beneath The stomach is inferior to the heart Medial: Closer to midline of body The nose is medial to the ear The little figure number 5 digit is on the medial side of the hand Planes of section: Lines or cut that divide body into section Sagittal Planes: Vertical axis which divides body into Left or right section Midsagittal planes: Vertical axis which divides body into equal left and right section Parasagittal planes: Parallel to midsagittal plane vertical Divides body into unequal left and right section Coronale( frontal) planes: Divides body into anterior and posterior section
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