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HDFS 3400 Chapter 15

by: Caroline Bacevice

HDFS 3400 Chapter 15 3440

Caroline Bacevice
GPA 3.608
Human Sexuality
Katye Miller

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Human Sexuality
Katye Miller
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caroline Bacevice on Saturday March 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 3440 at Ohio State University taught by Katye Miller in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 82 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality in Human Development at Ohio State University.


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Date Created: 03/21/15
Human Sexuality Chapter 15 Sexually Transmitted Infections Infections that are transmitted by sexual contact Bacterial Infections Chlamydia Infectionurogenital infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis a bacterial microorganism that grows in body cells 0 Incidence and Transmission I One of the most prevalent and damaging of all STIs I Higher rates among teenagers particularly teen girls I Transmitted through the vaginal anal or oral sexual contact 0 Symptoms and Complications I Affects females Infection of the mucosa of the lower reproductive tract commonly takes form of an in ammation of the urethral tube or an infection of the cervix Pelvic In ammatory Disease PID an infection in the uterus and pelvic cavity very invasive o 40 of women with untreated chlamydia will develop PID 0 Even after effectively treated residual scar tissue in the fallopian tubes can leave some women sterile 0 Using an IUD after having PID can cause an ectopic pregnancy egg fertilized in the fallopian tube I Affecting Males Untreated chlamydia may result in discharge and or a burning sensation during urination swelling or itching around the opening of the penis I Trachoma A chromic contagious form of conjunctivitis caused by chlamydia infections I Conjunctivitis In ammation of the mucous membrane that lines the inner surface of the eyelid and the exposed surface of the eyeball 0 Treatment I Uncomplicated chlamydia should be treated with a 7 day regimen of doxycycline or a single 1 gram dose of azithromycin Gonorrhea A sexually transmitted infection that initially causes in ammation of mucous membranes 0 Incidence and Transmission I Second most reported infectious condition in US More than 700000 new cases each year I High among teenagers and young adults in lower socioeconomic ethnicminority communities 0 Symptoms and Complications I Early symptoms more evident in men Symptoms usually appear 25 days after but could be as late as 30 or none at all Two most common signs are bad breath and cloudy discharge from penis Though symptoms may go away bacteria may still be present I Complications in Males If no treatment after 23 weeks it can spread to the genitourinary tract Most men only have periodic are ups for some abscesses can form in the prostate 1 in 5 who remain untreated for longer than a month the bacteria can move down the vas deferens to infect one or both of the epididymal structures that lines the back of the testes If remained untreated can cause sterility I Early Symptoms in Females Cervix can become in amed without producing observable symptoms A Pap smear is Not a test for gonorrhea I Complications in Females PID often more severe when gonococcus rather than chlamydia trachomatis Serious pain when standing or walking I Other complications In about 2 the bacteria can enter the bloodstream and may cause permanent joint damage Infant can develop after passing through the birth canal of an infected women Oral contact can cause in infection of the throat 0 Treatment I Used to be a dual therapy of a single dose of uoroqinolone antibiotic plus a single dose of azithromycin I Substitute a cephalosporin medication I Mutated strain H041 cannot be treated by available antibiotics Nongonococcal Urethritis NGC An in ammation of the urethral tube caused by organisms other than gonococcus 0 Incidence and Transmission I Common in men occurs more frequently than gonorrhea I Evidence that women harbor the organisms that cause NGU I Most commonly transmitted through coitus 0 Symptoms and Complications I Similar to gonorrhea I Women are generally unaware of the infection until they are informed that it has been diagnosed in a male partner 0 Treatment I Single dose of azithromycin or a regime of doxycycline Syphilis A sexually transmitted infection caused by bacterium called Treponema palladium 0 Incidence and Transmission I Rates declined in the 1990 then recently rose Largely attributed to men who have sex with men I Transmitted from open lesions and infected individuals to the mucous membranes or skin abrasions of sexual partners through vaginal oral anal contact I Pregnant women can transmit the bacterium to her unborn child through the placental blood system after the 4th month 0 Symptoms and Complications I Chancre A raised red painless sore that is symptomatic of the primary phase of syphilis I Secondary phase a skin rash appears on the palms of hands and soles of the feet Can vary from barely noticeable to severe I Latent Syphilis can last for several yearsafter 1 year of the latent stage the infected individual is no longer contagious to sexual partners unless it s a pregnant woman I Tertiaryapprox 15 of individuals who do not obtain effective treatment during the first three stages of syphilis enter the tertiary stage later in life an manifest in death 0 Treatment I Can be effectively treated with intramuscular injections of benzathine penicillin G Viral Infections Herpes An infection characterized by blisters on the skin in the regions of the genitals or mouth It is caused by the Herpes Simplex virus and is easily transmitted through sexual contact Eight different herpes viruses infect humans 0 Incidence and Treatment I Over 100 million Americans have oral herpes and at least 50 million have genital herpes I Genital herpes are more common in women than in men I Genitals do not pass through latex condoms 0 Symptoms and Complications I Genital Herpes Type 1 In women the areas most commonly infected are the labia Open sores and blisters mean that a person is contagious I Oral Herpes TypeZ Papules on the lips and sometimes on the inside of the mouth tongue and on the throat I Reoccurrence Symptoms with reoccurrence tend to be more mild than original outburst Prodromal Symptoms Symptoms that warn of an impending herpes eruption Factors that trigger reactivation include emotional stress anxiety depression acidic food ultraviolet light fever menstruation poor nutrition being overtired or rundown and trauma


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